List of the First 100

In June, 1864, fifty Union prisoners of war, all officers, were held in the besieged city of Charleston, South Carolina within range of the Federal guns in an effort to discourage further bombardment of the city. Although they were eventually exchanged for 50 Confederate officers of similar rank, the use of these POWs as human shields was roundly criticized in the North as a violation of the laws of war.

These events and the subsequent reprisals against some Confederate prisoners (“The Immortal 600”) is told more completely in this earlier post.

In the list of the “First 100” that follows, those who the evidence suggests were present at the Battle of Gettysburg are in all capital letters. Those who were captured at that battle are in bold.

The First 50 Union Officers

BG Charles A. Heckman
BG Eliakim P. Scammon
BG Truman Seymour
BG ALEXANDER SHALER
BG Henry W. Wessells
COL Henry C. Bolinger, 7th Pennsylvania Reserves
COL HIRAM L. BROWN, 145th Pennsylvania Infantry
COL EDMUND L. DANA, 143rd Pennsylvania Infantry
COL Enrico Fardella, 85th New York Infantry
COL IRA G. GROVER, 7th Indiana Infantry
COL Walter Harriman, 11th New Hampshire Infantry
COL Isaac R. Hawkins, 7th Tennessee Cavalry (US)
COL Oscar H. LaGrange, 1st Wisconsin Cavalry
COL Horace C. Lee, 27th Massachusetts Infantry
COL Theodore F. Lehmann, 103rd Pennsylvania Infantry
COL Richard White, 55th Pennsylvania Infantry
LTC CLARK B. BALDWIN, 1st Massachusetts Infantry
LTC Walter G. Bartholomew, 27th Massachusetts Infantry
LTC John N. Burnham, 16th Connecticut Infantry
LTC William R. Cook, 2nd Tennessee Cavalry (US)
LTC Christopher J. Dickerson, 10th Michigan Infantry
LTC John F. Fellows, 17th Massachusetts Infantry
LTC Granville A. Frambles, 59th Ohio Infantry
LTC William H. Glenn, 89th Ohio Infantry
LTC Edwin L. Hayes, 100th Ohio Infantry
LTC THOMAS H. HIGINBOTHAM, 65th New York Infantry
LTC Henry B. Hunter, 123rd Ohio Infantry
LTC GEORGE C. JOSLIN, 15th Massachusetts Infantry
LTC William P. Lasselle, 9th Indiana Infantry
LTC Wilson C. Maxwell, 103rd Pennsylvania Infantry
LTC James D. Mayhew, 8th Kentucky Infantry (US)
LTC Warren E. McMackin, 21st Illinois Infantry
LTC David Miles, 79th Pennsylvania Infantry
LTC Stephen Moffitt, 96th New York Infantry
LTC EGBERT OLCOTT, 121st New York Infantry
LTC John J. Polsley, 7th West Virginia Cavalry
LTC Andrew F. Rodgers, 80th Illinois Infantry
LTC JOHN P. SPOFFORD, 97th New York Infantry
LTC James W. Stewart, 2nd Indiana Cavalry
LTC Frederick W. Swift, 17th MI Infantry
LTC Alexander W. Taylor, 101st Pennsylvania Infantry
MAJ William F. Baker, 10th USC Infantry
MAJ Erastus N. Bates, 18th IL Infantry
MAJ Charles H. Beeres, 16th IL Cavalry
MAJ Daniel A. Carpenter, 2nd Tennessee Infantry (US)
MAJ JOHN E. CLARK, 5th Michigan Cavalry
MAJ Walter Crandall, 85th New York Infantry
MAJ Horace D. Grant, 4th Michigan Cavalry
MAJ JOSIAH HALL, 1st Vermont Cavalry
MAJ James H. Johnson, 11th Tennessee Cavalry (US)

The First 50 Confederate Officers

MG Franklin Gardner
MG EDWARD JOHNSON
BG JAMES J. ARCHER
BG GEORGE H. STEUART
BG M. Jeff Thompson
COL WILLIAM M. BARBOUR, 37th North Carolina Infantry
COL JOSEPH N. BROWN, 14th South Carolina Infantry
COL RICHARD WELBY CARTER, 1st Virginia Cavalry
COL Benjamin Everett Caudill, 13th Kentucky Cavalry
COL NORVELL COBB, 44th Virginia Infantry
COL Basil Wilson Duke, 2nd Kentucky Cavalry
COL MILTON J. FERGUSON, 16th Virginia Cavalry
COL WILLIAM HENRY FORNEY, 10th Alabama Infantry
COL J. M. Hanks, Buford’s Kentucky Brigade
COL John A. Jaquess, 1st Louisiana Regulars
COL Richard C. Morgan, Morgan’s Kentucky Cavalry
COL WILLIAM HUBBARD PEEBLES, 44th Georgia Infantry
COL James A. Pell, 6th Confederate Cavalry
COL ALEXANDER S. VANDEVENTER, 50th Virginia Infantry
COL William W. Ward, 9th Tennessee Cavalry
LTC James Fielding Brewer, 1st (Carter’s) Tennessee Cavalry
LTC John William Caldwell, 1st Kentucky Cavalry
LTC JOHN THOMAS CARSON, 12th Georgia Infantry
LTC PHILLIP EDWIN DAVANT, 38th Georgia Infantry
LTC WILLIAM LEE DAVIDSON, 7th North Carolina Infantry
LTC Alcee Dupree, Gen. Gardner’s Staff
LTC WILLIAM THOMAS ENNETT, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
LTC JOHN PATERSON FITZGERALD, 23rd Virginia Infantry
LTC J. E. Groce, Gen. Wharton’s staff
LTC CHARLES LEWIS HAYNES, 27th Virginia Infantry
LTC THOMAS C. JACKSON, G. T. Anderson’s brigade
LTC DOUGLASS HENRY LEE MARTZ, 10th Virginia Infantry
LTC WILLIAM MURDOCK PARSLEY, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
LTC Oliver A. Patton, Patton’s Kentucky Partisan Rangers
LTC Marshall Joseph Smith, Crescent Regt. Louisiana Infantry
LTC A. L. Swingley, Forrest’s Brigade
LTC Joseph Thomas Tucker, 11th Kentucky Cavalry
LTC Frederick Fraser Warley, 2nd South Carolina Artillery
MAJ DAVID W. ANDERSON, 44th Virginia Infantry
MAJ E. M. Henry, Hunter’s Cavalry
MAJ Horace A. Highley, Gen. Bragg’s staff
MAJ WILLIAM HENRY MANNING, 6th Louisiana Infantry
MAJ EDWIN ACTON NASH, 4th Georgia Infantry
MAJ LYNNVILLE J. PERKINS, 50th Virginia Infantry
MAJ Edward J. Sanders, 9th Mississippi Cavalry
MAJ George H. Smith, Gen. Wheeler’s staff
MAJ Theophilus Steele, 7th Kentucky Cavalry
MAJ THOMAS EDWARD UPSHAW, 13th Virginia Cavalry
MAJ Thomas B. Webber, 2nd Kentucky (Morgan’s) Cavalry
MAJ J. MOORE WILSON, 7th Louisiana Infantry 



List of the Immortal 600 Captured at Gettysburg

For the benefit of Gettysburg researchers, the following is a subset of the full list of the “Immortal 600” showing only those who were captured at Gettysburg.

For the story of the Immortal 600, see this blog post.

ALEXANDER, Capt. William J.
Co. A, 37th North Carolina Infantry
res. Wilkesboro, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
ALLEN/ALLAN, Capt. Henry Archibald
Co. K, 9th Virginia Infantry
b. 1831 at Portsmouth, Virginia; res. Portsmouth, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; d. 7 Jul 1912.
ALLEN, 1Lt. Thomas M.
Co. E, 4th North Carolina Infantry
b. 4 Oct 1839 at Raleigh, North Carolina; res. Fairfield, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863.
AVANT/AVAUNT/ANANT, 2Lt. William R.
Co. I, 61st Georgia Infantry
res. Macon, Georgia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 1 Jul 1863.
BAILEY/BAILY, Capt. William (Jr. )
Co. G, 5th Florida Infantry
res. Leon County, Florida; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 Jul 1863; d. 3 Mar 1865 at Hilton Head, South Carolina, of pneumonia.
BALLANTINE/BALLENTINE/BALLYNTINE/BALLINTINE/BATTENTINE, Capt. William Duncan
Co. A, 2nd Florida Infantry
res. Pensacola, Florida; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 Jul 1863.
BARNES/BURNES, 2Lt. Francis Cargill
Co. K, 6th Virginia Infantry
res. Charlotte County or Marysville, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
BENTLEY/BENTLY, 2Lt. John B.
Co. F, 22nd Georgia Infantry
b. 10 Sep 1826; res. Lincolnton, Georgia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 Jul 1863.
BISSELL/BESSIE/BISCELL/PRISSELL, 2Lt. William Swinton
Co. I, 2nd South Carolina Infantry
b. 12 Mar 1839; res. Charlestown or Charleston, South Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863; exchanged in December, 1864; d. 6 Sep 1881.
BRADFORD, Capt. Nero Guy
Co. I, 26th North Carolina Infantry
b. 1825; res. Lenoir County, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 5 Jul 1863; d. 22 Sep 1889.
BRANCH, 1Lt. Sanford Walker
Co. B, 8th Georgia Infantry
b. 17 Mar 1840; res. Savannah, Georgia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863.
BREEDLOVE/BREEDSLOVE/BROWLOVE/FREEDLOVE/GREEDLOVE, 1Lt. John Penn
Co. B, 4th Alabama Infantry
b. 1 Aug 1840; res. Tuskegee, Alabama; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863.
BROWN, 1Lt. Benjamin L.
Co. E, 59th Georgia Infantry
b. 2 Nov 1834; res. Fort Gaines, Georgia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863 or 5 Jul 1863.
BROWN, Capt. Bezaliel G.
Co. I, 7th Virginia Infantry
res. Brown’s Cove, Albermarle County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; d. Jul 1865 at at home.
BRUMLEY/BROMLY/BARMLEY/BROMLEY/BRUMMELY/BRUNLEY/BURMLEY, Capt. Ozniah R.
Co. B, 20th North Carolina Infantry
res. Concord, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 1 Jul 1863; d. 4 Mar 1865 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of pneumonia.
BURGIN/BRUGIN/BURGWYN/BARGAIN/BURGER, 2Lt. John M.
Co. K, 22nd North Carolina Infantry
res. Marion, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; d. 28 Jan 1865 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic diarrhea.
BURNEY/BIRNEY/BIRNY, 1Lt. Iverson L.
Co. A, 49th Georgia Infantry
res. Wilkinson county, Georgia or Twiggs County, Georgia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863; d. 12 Nov 1864 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic diarrhea.
BURT, 1Lt. Augustus W. (Jr. )
Co. A, 7th South Carolina Infantry
res. Hamburg, South Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; lost left leg; not under fire.
BURTON, Capt. John W.
Co. D, 6th Alabama Infantry
res. Montgomery, Alabama; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863; exchanged at Hilton Head.
CAMPBELL, 2Lt. Robert C.
Co. D, 53rd Virginia Infantry
res. King William County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
CARDER/CARDON/CARTER, 2Lt. William B.
Co. D, 4th Virginia Infantry
res. Marion, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
CARR, 1Lt. Robert B.
Co. A, 43rd North Carolina Infantry
res. Maynolin or Magnolia, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3-5, 1863 ; d. 3 Jul 1865 at Hilton Head, South Carolina, of chronic diarrhea.
CARTER, Capt. Edward
Co. K, 8th Virginia Infantry
b. 19 Aug 1843; res. Henrico County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; wounded right leg; not under fire.
CASON/CASSON, 3Lt. John R.
Co. I, 17th Mississippi Infantry
res. Watson or Holly Springs, Mississippi; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 Jul 1863; placed in convict prison at Hilton Head Jan 20-Feb 16, 1865 for cutting the buttons off the coat of an oath-taker, , and making a plan to escape.
CATHEY/CARTHERY/CARTHEY, 1Lt. Alexander A.
Co. G, 34th North Carolina Infantry
b. 15 Oct 1833; res. Charlotte, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; lost left leg; not under fire.
CHADBOURNE/CHADBURN/CHATBOURNE, 1Lt. Henry A.
Co. C, 10th Alabama Infantry
res. Faunsdale or Selma, Alabama; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2-3 Jul 1863.
CHALKLEY/CHALKEY, 2Lt. Gideon P.
Co. D, 14th Virginia Infantry
res. Petersburg, Virginia or Chesterfield County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; lost right leg; not under fire; sent from Hilton Head to Beaufort, South Carolina.
CHAMBERS, Capt. Charles Edward
Co. B, 13th Alabama Infantry
res. Tuskegee, Alabama; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
CHISHOLM/CHISOLM, Capt. John N.
Co. I, 9th Alabama Infantry
b. 1835; res. Florence, Alabama; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 Jul 1863; d. 16 Mar 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of chronic diarrhea.
COALTER/COLTER/COULTER/CALTER/COUTTER/CRALTER, 1Lt. Henry Tucker
Co. S, 53rd Virginia Infantry
res. King William Court House or King William County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; Adjutant; exchanged at Fort Pulaski in December, 1864.
COBB, 1Lt. James Edward
Co. F, 5th Texas Infantry
b. 5 Oct 1835; res. Liberty, Texas; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 Jul 1863; after the war was a member of the U.S. Congress.
COGGIN/COGGINS, 3Lt. Gene
Co. C, 23rd North Carolina Infantry
b. 16 Dec 1837; res. Montgomery or Troy or Froy, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 1 Jul 1863; d. 14 Mar 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of chronic diarrhea.
COON/COLE, 1Lt. David A.
Co. I, 11th North Carolina Infantry
b. 9 Apr 1834; res. Lincolnton or Lincolntown, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
COWPER/COOPER/CAPPER/COBBER, 2Lt. John C. C.
Co. E, 33rd North Carolina Infantry
res. Suffolk, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; d. 7 Oct 1864 at Morris Island, South Carolina, of pneumonia.
CROCKER, Capt. Jules O. B.
Co. I, 9th Virginia Infantry
b. 16 Oct 1825; res. Norfolk, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
DORSEY/DASSEY, 2Lt. Elisha Wesley
Co. B, 11th North Carolina Infantry
res. Whitesville, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 5 Jul 1863; lost left leg; not under fire.
DULEY/DULY/DUDLEY/DOOLEY/DALY/DUELY, 1Lt. Edmund Gilmore
Co. A, 1st Maryland Cavalry
res. Montgomery County, Maryland; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 or 5 Jul 1863.
ELAM, Capt. Robert Samuel
Co. E, 22nd Virginia Inf Bn
b. 19 Oct 1831; res. Lynchburg, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; lost left Leg; not under fire.
FARRAR/FARROW/FARRA/FARREN/FARRER, 2Lt. Absalom H.
Co. C, 13th Mississippi Infantry
b. 1837; res. Grenada, Mississippi; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; received a compound fracture of the right foot; not under fire; d. 1 Feb 1865 at hospital, Augusta, Georgia.
FINLEY/FINLY/FINDLAY/FINDLEY, 1Lt. George Williamson
Co. K, 56th Virginia Infantry
b. 1 Dec 1838; res. Clarksville, West Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
FITZGERALD, 1Lt. George B.
Co. A, 12th Virginia Cavalry
res. Norfolk, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 8 Jul 1863 or at Turin, Virginia, on 20 Aug 1863 or Blackwater, Virginia, on 29 June 1863; disease of the mind; not under fire; sent from Hilton Head to Beaufort, South Carolina; d. 13 Nov 1864 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic diarrhea; the surgeon on the 157th NY Vols at Fort Pulaski wrote, “The Rank and Regt. of Fitzgerald is in doubt being unknown by his associate prisoners and he demented by the habitual use of opium, has reported himself, at times, as 1st Lieut. Co A, 12th Va. Cav. at others as Capt. Co. E, 15th Va. Cav. and has been so recorded in some of the Reports. The Rank given in this report (1st Lt) seems the more probable.”.
GARY/CARVEY/GAREY/GEARY, 2Lt. Samuel W.
Co. A, 3rd Virginia Infantry
res. Norfolk, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
GOLDSBOROUGH/GOLDSBORO, Maj. William Worthington
Co. S, 2nd Maryland Infantry
b. circa 1834; res. Baltimore, Maryland; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863.
HARDIN/HARDEN/HARDING/HAMDEN/HARNDEN, 2Lt. Hopkins
Co. C, 19th Virginia Infantry
b. 18 Sep 1838; res. Independence, Missouri or Scottsville, Virginia; occ. planter; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
HUTCHISON/HUTCHINSON/HUTCHENSON/HUTCHESON, 2Lt. Benjamin Hixson
Co. D, 8th Virginia Infantry
b. 20 Feb 1836; res. Loudon County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
JOHNSON, Capt. William T.
Co. H, 18th Virginia Infantry
res. Henrico County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; wound in right thigh; not under fire.
KENT, Capt. Thomas W.
Co. F, 48th Georgia Infantry
b. 28 Jul 1828; res. Wrightsville, Georgia; occ. planter; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 5 Jul 1863; attempted to escape from Fort Pulaski prison on 28 Feb 1865, was betrayed by R. C. Gillespie and recaptured; was put in a dark cell in wet clothes without fire for five days; d. 20 Jun 1918.
LEDYARD/CIDYARD/GIDYARD, 1Lt. William N.
Co. A, 3rd Alabama Infantry
res. Mobile, Alabama; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 1 Jul 1863; lost left leg; not under fire.
LONG, 2Lt. Green B.
Co. F, 11th Virginia Infantry
b. 1838; res. Petersburg, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; wound in shoulder; not under fire.
MASKEW/MARKEW/MARTIN/MARTEN, 1Lt. John
Co. E, 1st Louisiana Infantry (Nelligan’s)
b. circa 1839; res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 5 Jul 1863; wounded left arm; not under fire; d. 4 Oct 1865.
MAY, 1Lt. Samuel H.
Co. D, 10th Louisiana Infantry
res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 5 Jul 1863; wounded left arm; not under fire.


The Immortal 600 at Gettysburg

Most of the approximately 5,000 Confederate prisoners who were captured at Gettysburg, including Brigadier General James J. Archer, were sent to Fort Delaware on Pea Patch Island, just south of Wilmington in the middle of the Delaware River. Some of those prisoners would eventually be sent to prisons at Point Lookout (MD), Elmira (NY), or, like Gen. Archer, to Johnson Island (OH). But in August of 1863 there were a total of 12,500 prisoners at Fort Delaware which, even after a recent expansion, was designed to hold just 10,000.

The enlisted men felt the brunt of the overcrowding at Fort Delaware, also enduring forced labor and a variety of forms of torture and mistreatment. But the officers lived in relative comfort. For many, that would change by the next summer, however, as those officers would get caught up in a drama that was unfolding more than 600 miles to the south.

The First 100

Defenses of Charleston Harbor

Defenses of Charleston Harbor
(Click to zoom)

The port city of Charleston, South Carolina, had been hotly contested since the first shots of the Civil War were fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor in April, 1863.  Among the Confederate defenses which ringed the harbor was Battery Wagner on Morris Island, protecting the southern entrance to the harbor.

In July of 1863 several attempts to capture “Fort” Wagner had failed – including one led by the 54th Massachusetts as depicted in the movie, Glory – but the island continued to be the focus of Union bombardment.  In the early morning of September 7th, the Confederates finally abandoned the island, and Union batteries quickly took up positions there.  With this foothold in the harbor, the bombardment of the city of Charleston intensified.

By June of 1864 the Rebel stronghold had been under constant siege for more than nine months. The Confederate commander in Charleston was a Virginia native, Major General Samuel Jones, a graduate and former instructor of artillery tactics at West Point.

He was facing Union forces under command of Major General John G. Foster, a native of New Hampshire and a decorated veteran of the Mexican War.  MajGen. Foster, too, was a graduate and former instructor in engineering at West Point. Although their tenures at West Point did not overlap, their respective areas of expertise would make them formidable foes in the standoff that was coming.

Major General John. G. Foster

US MajGen John. G. Foster

Major General Samuel Jones

CSA MajGen Samuel Jones

On June 13th, 1864, Confederate MajGen. Jones notified his counterpart, Union MajGen. Foster, that 5 Union generals and 45 field officers were being held prisoner within the city of Charleston “for safe keeping.” MajGen. Jones continued, “It is proper, however, that I should inform you that it is a part of the city which has for many months been exposed, day and night, to the fire of your guns.” In other words, Confederate MajGen. Jones hoped to use these Union officers as human shields.

Among these 50 Union officers were as many as 11 veterans of the Battle of Gettysburg.1  The most senior of these was BrigGen. Alexander Shaler, who would later receive the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Second Battle of Fredericksburg.  At Gettysburg, Shaler commanded the 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Corps, which helped to hold the Union right flank at Culp’s Hill on the morning of July 3rd, 1863.  Ten months later he was captured while trying to rally his men against a flank attack at the Battle of the Wilderness.

LtCol. John P. Spofford

US LtCol. John P. Spofford

Only 1 of the Union officers in the group of 50 had been captured at the Battle of Gettysburg.  He was LtCol. John P. Spofford of the 97th New York Infantry. On the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg, LtCol. Spofford famously charged the North Carolinians of Iverson’s Brigade without orders, capturing about 400 Confederates and their colors. But a short time later the Rebels returned the favor, and LtCol. Spofford found himself on the way to Richmond’s Libby Prison. After about six months at Libby, he escaped through a tunnel, along with more than 100 other prisoners. LtCol. Spofford got 28 miles from Richmond but was recaptured and, after a stint in another prison camp in Macon, Georgia, was now among those who were helplessly facing friendly fire in Charleston.

Union MajGen. Foster protested that the use of these prisoners of war as human shields was a violation of the laws of war and described it as an “indefensible act of cruelty.” He rightly asserted that the notice from the Confederate commander was a ploy that “can be designed only to prevent a continuance of our fire upon Charleston.” In fact, the Union officers were being held in the extreme west end of the city; an area that the Federal guns were not targeting at that time. They were, therefore, not in the line of fire as MajGen. Jones had claimed. But Union MajGen. Foster did not know that his Confederate counterpart was bluffing.

Rather than be intimidated, Union MajGen. Foster retaliated by arranging to have 50 Confederate officers transferred from the prison at Fort Delaware to Morris Island. He warned his Confederate counterpart that, unless the Federal prisoners were withdrawn from Charleston, these 50 Confederate officers would be placed in a position that would expose them to the incoming fire of Rebel guns.

Those 50 Confederate officers included as many as 26 who had participated in the Battle of Gettysburg.  Among the notables was MajGen. Edward “Allegheny” Johnson and BrigGen. George H. “Maryland” Steuart, both of whom had been captured at Spotsylvania Courthouse in May of 1864.

BrigGen. James J. Archer

CSA BrigGen. James J. Archer

Only 3 of the Confederate officers in the group of 50 had been captured at Gettysburg.  They were BrigGen. James J. Archer (Archer’s Brigade, Heaths’ Division, 3rd Corps), Col. William H. Forney (10th Alabama Infantry, Wilcox’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, 3rd Corps), and LtCol. Thomas C. Jackson (G. T. Anderson’s Brigade, Hood’s Division, 1st Corps).

When the Confederate prisoners arrived in the vicinity of Morris Island, the stage was set for a showdown. For two weeks Confederate MajGen. Jones and Union MajGen. Foster exchanged missives as their forces faced each other across Charleston Harbor. The Confederate commander argued repeatedly that, contrary to his initial threat, the 50 Union prisoners in Charleston were not, in fact, being subjected to friendly fire. He even transmitted a letter from the Union generals themselves, testifying that they were safe, comfortable, and being treated humanely. The prisoners suggested an exchange of their group for 50 Confederate officers of similar rank and the idea was eagerly supported by their captor, MajGen. Jones.

But all parties knew that Union General-in-Chief Halleck had ordered just a few months before that there would be no more prisoner exchanges because he believed it would only tend to prolong the war. Gen. Halleck was also acting on the recommendation of Gen. U.S. Grant who said that it would be cheaper to feed Rebel prisoners than to fight them.

But on July 29th, 1864 on the recommendation of MajGen. Foster, the U.S. Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton, relented and agreed to a one-time “special exchange” of the two sets of 50 officers. (For a complete list of “The First 100,” see this blog post.) Tensions eased and the exchange took place in Charleston Harbor on August 3rd. But the relative calm was to last only one day.

On August 4th, 1864 Union MajGen. Foster received information that an additional 600 Union prisoners, all officers, had been moved from a southern prison into the city of Charleston.

As one might expect, MajGen. Foster was outraged. Not only were 600 more Union prisoners apparently being used as unwitting pawns, but MajGen. Foster himself doubtless felt the victim of a game. MajGen. Foster’s conclusion, of course, was that the Confederate general was intending to force another exchange.

The exact number and location of the 600 Union officers is a matter of some debate.  Southern newspapers insisted, of course, that there were no such officers and that Union claims to the contrary were merely an attempt to justify bombing Charleston’s civilian population. Although no list of their identities survives to this day, first-hand accounts numbered the new group of Union officers at least in the hundreds and said that they were packed into A-frame tents in the courtyard of the city jail.

Jacob S. Deihl

Letter dated Jacob S. Deihl. Credit: “The American Stamp Dealer & Collector”, April 2009, pg 24.

One of them was certainly Jacob S. Deihl (aka Devine), who had enlisted as a Private in Co. H, 71st Pennsylvania Infantry on 9 August 1861 and rose steadily through the ranks.  As a 1st Lieutenant, he was captured on the 3rd day of the Battle of Gettysburg.  He was confined in a series of Confederate prisons, including Macon, Andersonville, and Libby before he was transferred to Charleston. In a letter dated  30 July 1864 from Charleston, Deihl said “my health is good but d- tired of this prison life we have been shoved very near all over the Southn Confed’y and have brought up here.”

Confederate MajGen. Jones himself acknowledged the presence of additional Union officers in the city but without stipulating their names or number.  He insisted that the transfer of more prisoners to Charleston had been over his strenuous objections. According to the Confederate general, they were sent to Charleston in order to relieve overcrowding elsewhere, not with the purpose of subjecting them to friendly fire.

Union MajGen. Foster had reason to believe him. In fact, he wrote to Gen. Halleck on August 4th, 1864 that Gen. Sherman’s campaign through Georgia threatened all of the southern prison camps and made Charleston “the only secure place” that the enemy could hold these officers. What’s more, he informed Gen. Halleck two weeks later that he knew exactly where the Federal officers were being held in Charleston and that he could therefore direct his shells to other parts of the city. He nonetheless requested that 600 Confederate officers be transferred to him from northern prisons in “retaliation.”

Once again, the Confederate officers were drawn from Fort Delaware. When the names were called, those officers were overjoyed. They knew of the previous exchange and expected that theirs would be a similar fate. A few who were not selected even paid fellow captives to switch places with them. But buying their way onto the list was a decision that those officers would come to regret. Not only were the 600 not exchanged, but they suffered some of the most cruel and inhumane treatment of POWs that would be documented throughout the war. In fact, the deprivation and mistreatment was so severe that this group of Southern officers would come to be revered in the Southern press as …

The Immortal 600

The 600 Confederate officers left Fort Delaware aboard the Federal steamer Crescent City on August 20th, 1864. The prisoners included officers from each of the 11 seceded states plus the border states of Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri.

Of the 600, as many as 330 (or 55%) of those Confederate officers had participated in the Battle of Gettysburg and 51 of them had been captured there.  (The list of 51 is included on this blog post and the complete list of “The Immortal 600” is on this blog post.)

The ranks of the Confederate officers broke down as follows:

Rank Quantity
GB Veteran
Captured at GB
Colonel 5 1 0
Lt. Colonel 7 2 0
Major 16 2 1
Captain 180 100 15
1st Lieutenant 179 108 18
2nd Lieutenant 201 109 15
3rd Lieutenant 11 7 2
Sergeant Major 1 1 0
Total 6002 330 51

 

Major William W. Goldsborough

US Major William W. Goldsborough

Of the 51 who had been captured at Gettysburg, the most senior was Confederate Major William Worthington Goldsborough of the 1st Maryland Infantry CSA (aka 1st or 2nd Maryland Battalion and the 2nd Maryland Infantry). In October, 1859, as an officer in the Baltimore City Guard Battalion, Goldsborough had been one of the first to enter the armory at Harper’s Ferry to capture John Brown.

When war broke out, Goldsborough’s state of Maryland was split in its loyalties – and so were the members of his family. William enlisted in the Confederate army in May of 1861.  His brother, Charles, was practicing medicine at Hunterstown, PA, just a few miles north of Gettysburg.  In November of 1862, Charles enlisted as a surgeon in the 5th Maryland Infantry USA.

The brothers next met at the Battle of Winchester on June 15th, 1863, where the 1st Maryland CSA faced the 1st Maryland USA and other Union regiments.  Then-Captain William Goldsborough had the distinction of capturing his brother, Charles, who was then sent to Libby Prison. Charles was exchanged and returned to duty later that year.

In the meantime, the Confederate brother took command of the 1st Maryland CSA at Gettysburg when Col. Herbert was wounded during the assault on Culp’s Hill on July 3rd, 1863.  As the Confederates fell back, Maj. Goldsborough was shot through the left lung and captured.  He was sent to Fort Delaware where some months later he had another reunion with his brother Charles, who was coincidentally assigned as a surgeon to that post.  In September of 1864, William said goodbye to his brother as he was shipped off to Charleston Harbor.  They wouldn’t meet again until after the war.

Bound for Charleston, the 600 Confederate officers, including Maj. Goldsborough, faced the worst conditions that they had yet encountered as prisoners.  Forced to lie shoulder-to-shoulder in the ship’s hold below the water line, one prisoner said that they lay in “total darkness, without any clothing and drenched in perspiration” from the summer heat which was intensified by the ship’s boilers.  As the Crescent City rolled in rough seas, all of the prisoners became seasick, leading one on board to describe the ship’s hold as “a veritable cesspool” which the Union guards refused to hose down.  In this environment the Rebs were fed just a “few crackers with a bit of salt beef or bacon” per day.  Drinking water was likewise scarce, said one prisoner, and it “had a disagreeable smell and a very sickly taste.”

Capt. Thomas W. Kent

CSA Capt. Thomas W. Kent

Also among the Gettysburg veterans on board was Capt. Thomas W. Kent, of Co. F, 48th Georgia Infantry.  Capt. Kent had led his company when Wright’s Brigade charged across the Emmitsburg Road at Gettysburg on July 2nd, 1863, capturing guns and prisoners in the vicinity of the Codori House.  The Brigade continued towards the Federals, breaching the line at the Angle, and reaching the crest of the Cemetery Ridge before they were forced to retreat with heavy losses. Among them was Capt. Kent, who was wounded in the right hip during the charge and captured.

Capt. Kent spent the next 16 months confined in a series of northern prisons, the last of which was Fort Delaware.  Before long he found himself sailing south on the Crescent City.

In the last days of August, 1864 the steamer and its 600 Confederate prisoners arrived at Port Royal Harbor, South Carolina, about 50 miles beyond Charleston.  About 40 of the prisoners who were severely disabled by wounds or disease, including 14 who had been captured at Gettysburg, were taken off the prison ship and sent to a nearby hospital in Beaufort, South Carolina.

While the ship was anchored at Port Royal, Capt. Kent and seven of his comrades managed to acquire life jackets and jumped ship.  Capt. Kent and some of the others made it to Hilton Head Island and then to Pinckney Island at the mouth of the harbor before they were recaptured and returned to the Crescent City.  It wouldn’t be Capt. Kent’s last escape attempt.

U.S.S. Crescent City

U.S.S. Crescent City

As they sailed back north to Charleston, the balance of the Confederate officers managed to suffer through the squalid conditions of the Crescent City by maintaining the faith that they were sure to be exchanged upon reaching their destination.  Even as the steamer reached the vicinity of Charleston Harbor and the prisoners were forced to remain on board for another five days, the officers told themselves that the details of exchange were being worked out. But their ordeal had only just begun.

They were soon to discover that the delay in disembarking on Morris Island was due to the fact that the construction of their 1.5 acre “pen” or open-air stockade had not yet been completed.  After a journey of 18 days, the Confederate officers stepped onto Morris Island on September 7th, 1864, not knowing that they were leaving one hell and entering into another.

They were met on the wharf by the remnants of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, who had unsuccessfully assaulted Fort Wagner 14 months earlier.  The irony didn’t escape the enlisted men of the 54th who were now charged with guarding Rebel officers on that same small island.  For their part, the Confederate officers felt that they were being deliberately disgraced by the assignment of black guards.  They saw it as yet another provocation to compound their ill treatment as prisoners – and all within the tantalizing sight of the Confederate city of Charleston.

The view from inside the Morris Island stockade

The view from inside the Morris Island stockade

That torment must have been especially intense for 2Lt. William Swinton Bissell of Co. A, 2nd South Carolina.  He suffered a fractured fibula in his right leg on the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg and was captured.  After confinement in a series of northern prisons, Lt. Bissell had the misfortune of landing at Fort Delaware where he was selected to be among the Immortal 600.  Lt. Bissell was living in Charleston when the war broke out.  Now he found himself straining to see through the gaps in the stockade fence at his home town which was just beyond his reach.

As Union MajGen. Foster promised, the prisoners’ stockade was on the extreme northern end of the island, directly in the line of fire from Rebel guns and exposed to errant fire from Fort Wagner. They were housed in groups of four in A-tents which proved little protection from the weather, much less from the sand fleas and mosquitos that were common in this marshy land.  And, of course, there was no protection whatsoever from artillery fire.

An officer from Virginia recalled, “Oh, the misery of having the ear constantly filled with such doleful sounds, the misery, the horrible misery, the wretched agony of anticipating death at every moment!”  Another remembered that in another exchange of fire, “Two shells did prematurely explode, throwing huge pieces into our camp, many fragments flying just over our heads, and one of the shells exploded the huge gun, killing a horse and cutting off a man’s leg.  One of the pieces buried itself in the wall behind my head, whilst a number of pieces fell in the street between us and the fence; another struck within two inches of Captain Lewis, five tents distant from us.”

1Lt. James E. Cobb

CSA 1Lt. James E. Cobb

Lt. James Edward Cobb of Co. F, 5th Texas Infantry (a future U.S. Congressman) had been wounded in the hand and captured during his regiment’s attack up the slopes of Little Round Top at Gettysburg. He was confined at Fort McHenry, Johnson’s Island, Point Lookout, and then Fort Delaware before he was picked as one of the “lucky” ones to join the 600.

One morning Lt. Cobb was in a small tent with three other officers when “a large shell fell right at our feet and covered us all with sand but fortunately did not explode.”  Remarkably, under the circumstances, none of the officers on Morris Island were killed by artillery fire.

In the early days of their ordeal on Morris Island, the officers were given half army rations but food and water quickly became more scarce and in much worse condition.  A Virginia officer lamented, “For rations we were furnished three army crackers per day, and a half pint of soup …  It was called bean soup but we never discovered any traces of that vegetable in the mixture.”  An officer from Missouri wrote, “Water full of wiggle-tails today” and “Rations for breakfast two ounces old salt beef, so badly spoiled that we could not eat half of it.  Three crackers, musty and full of worms – not fit for hogs.”

Capt. George W. Nelson was on the staff of BrigGen. and Chief of Artillery William Pendleton and was a veteran of Gettysburg.  He wrote about the “lively nature” of the bread: “For my own part, I was always too hungry to be dainty – worms, mush and all went to satisfy the cravings of nature.” He witnessed some who, after picking out between fifty and eighty worms, stopped picking them out because “a little bit of mush was going with them.”

According to a North Carolina officer, “Some of the prisoners, for the sake of the record complained to the colonel.  He replied that it was all right; there was enough meat in the meal, bugs, and worms, and that if he had his own way he would be only too glad to feed us on greasy rags.”

Although nearly every officer suffered from dysentery, chronic diarrhea, scurvy, and/or pneumonia, only three died of disease while imprisoned on Morris Island.  One was Lt. John C. C. Cowper of Co. E, 33rd North Carolina Infantry, who had been severely wounded in the right lung and shoulder during Pickett’s Charge and captured at the Seminary Hospital near Gettysburg. He spent the next 16 months being transferred between northern prisons.  He continued to suffer from the gunshot wound and spent much of that time in prison hospitals.  At Morris Island the poor diet did not help him to recover, and pneumonia eventually took him on October 14th, 1864.  According to the Provost Martial he was buried in a marked grave on the island but the site has long since been lost.

The standoff continued on Morris Island for 45 days.  When yellow fever broke out in the city of Charleston, the imprisoned Union officers were moved to newly-erected prison camps further to the west.  About the same time, the decision was made to remove the Confederate officers from Morris Island.

In the early morning of October 21st, 1864 the surviving Confederate officers were marched down the beach under guard to two waiting schooners.  The stubborn hope among the men was that they were finally to be exchanged.  But they would soon discover that their destination was Fort Pulaski on Cockspur Island, Georgia, about 75 miles down the coast.

Map of Fort Pulaski and Tybee Island

Map of Fort Pulaski and Tybee Island

Fort Pulaski at the mouth of the Savannah River had been completed in 1847 as a defense against overseas enemies.  It became a Confederate stronghold at the beginning of the Civil War.  With walls ranging from 7.5 to 11 feet wide, it was considered impenetrable by the short-range, smooth-bore cannon of the time. Part of its construction had been overseen by recent West Point graduate 2nd Lt. Robert E. Lee who remarked that “one might as well bombard the Rocky Mountains as Fort Pulaski.”

Some of the exterior damage at Fort Pulaski

Some of the exterior damage at Fort Pulaski

But on April 10th, 1862 the Union army about a mile to the east on Tybee Island had a new weapon – long-range rifled cannon – and in only 30 hours it reduced some parts of Fort Pulaski to rubble, exposing the 40,000 pounds of black powder in its magazine to the risk of direct fire.  The Confederate commander, realizing that another well-aimed shot could destroy the fort and kill every defender, raised the flag of truce.  Union attackers quickly took possession of the fort, effectively blockading the important port city of Savannah.  In the Fall of 1862, it was converted to a Union prison.

Casemates at Fort Pulaski

Casemates at Fort Pulaski

In their first hours upon arriving at Fort Pulaski, the Confederate officers of the Immortal 600 thought that they had gone to heaven.  They were housed inside the fort’s casemates which were cold and damp but they had stoves and were promised blankets.  They felt protected from the approaching winter and they were no longer in the direct line of fire.  Perhaps more importantly for their survival, their first meal was “a feast fit for the gods,” as one Confederate officer put it.  He went on, “It consisted of excellent white bread, good fat meat, and a big tin of delicious vegetable soup, with lots of grease in it.  After getting settled in the fort, with splendid cisterns of good drinking water, we began to think that our troubles and woes had ended.”  Adding to their relief, they found themselves guarded by the white soldiers of the 157th New York Infantry.

The Union officer in charge, Col. Philip P. Brown, promised to make the fort “the model military prison in the United States” and he was as good as his word. Or so it seemed at first.

When word of this civilized treatment reached his commanders, Col. Brown received orders to place the prisoners on a starvation diet in retaliation for the treatment of Union prisoners in Andersonville and other Confederate prison camps.  Reluctantly, Col. Brown followed orders and the prisoners were thereafter fed no meat or fruit which led to an outbreak of scurvy and diarrhea.  For six weeks their diet consisted only of rancid cornmeal and pickles.

By November, 1864 the weather turned bitterly cold and the promised blankets never materialized.  The officers had only their summer clothes that they brought to Fort Delaware in August and the stoves were only equipped with enough fuel for cooking.  Many men contracted pneumonia and scurvy, but the prison doctor was not permitted to give them any medicine except opium as a painkiller.  As a result, some of the officers became addicted to opium.

One such sad case was 1Lt. George P. Fitzgerald of Co. A, 12th Virginia Cavalry.  “Fitz”, as he was called, was a proud graduate of West Point who had been captured on July 8th at Gettysburg.3 Another veteran of Gettysburg, Capt. Henry C. Dickinson of Co. A, 2nd Virginia Cavalry described “Fitz” at Fort Pulaski as “a confirmed opium eater; a poor miserable wreck — ragged, filthy, lousy, loathed by all, and pitied by many, who reported sick that they might get opium for him.  He has no blanket, no socks, hardly clothes to cover him”.

On November 13th, Lt. Fitzgerald’s death of pneumonia and chronic diarrhea came as no surprise to anyone.  Before their ordeal was over, another 12 Confederate officers would meet the same fate within the walls of Fort Pulaski.  All but one of them were veterans of the Battle of Gettysburg and four of them had been captured there.

Col. Philip P. Brown

US Col. Philip P. Brown

To their credit, many of the captors were sympathetic to the plight of the Confederate officers.  The prisoners recalled that Union Col. Brown himself extended every courtesy that his strict orders would allow and that the Colonel “was much moved, and his voice tremulous when he informed us [of his orders] but he attempted to cheer us, stating that he hoped that the cruel treatment would be of short duration.” Members of the 157th New York Infantry who were guarding them likewise did what they could to ease the suffering.  Some handed feral cats through the bars of the prison knowing that the starving prisoners would kill and cook them.  Some of guards “would put a loaf or piece of meat on the end of their bayonets and dare any Rebel to take it off”, but when they did, there were no repercussions, wrote one prisoner. He went on, “These men took this method of helping us and getting around their orders.  They dare not openly disobey.”

Lt. Peter B. Akers

CSA Lt. Peter B. Akers

In late November Col. Brown determined that Fort Pulaski was overcrowded so he moved nearly 200 of the remaining “Immortal 600” to a prison on Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, about 10 miles up the coast.  In conditions similar to those which they had experienced on Morris Island, Lt Peter B. Akers, a veteran of Gettysburg, wrote, “The pangs of starvation became terrible; hunger drove our men to catching and eating dogs, cats, and rats.”  Hilton Head Island took the lives of four more Confederate officers.

1Lt. Robert B. Carr

CSA 1Lt. Robert B. Carr

For two of them (Capt. William Bailey, Jr., of Co. G, 5th Florida Infantry, and 1Lt. Robert B. Carr of Co. A, 43rd North Carolina Infantry), it was the end of a long ordeal which had started with their capture at Gettysburg.

On Christmas night, 1864, seven of the remaining officers at Fort Pulaski began working on a plan to escape.  Among them was Capt. Thomas W. Kent, who had led the ill-fated attempt to escape by jumping ship at Port Royal four months earlier.

The men had discovered a trap door leading to a lower chamber of Fort Pulaski that was full of water and mud. With just scraps of metal for tools and while standing in waist-deep freezing water, the starving men began tunneling through the brick foundation of the fort.  After nine weeks, the men had tunneled through 336 feet of brick and mortar.  On February 28th, 1865 the tunnel was complete and Capt. Kent was the third man to make it through the walls.  They reached the wharf where they planned to steal a boat but just as they were about to overwhelm the guard, one of their number (Capt. Rufus C. Gillespie of Co. G, 45th Virginia Infantry) shouted out, “Don’t shoot”, and gave them away.  The seven were quickly surrounded and returned to the prison where they were placed in manacles in their cold, wet clothes for five days as punishment.

On the March 4th, 1865, the prisoners received orders to prepare to move. Very soon they were marched two-by-two out of the gates of the fort and to the wharf where they boarded the Federal steamer Illinois with the promise to be exchanged. They set sail to the north, stopping at Hilton Head Island to pick up their comrades who had been moved there.

A few were left behind with the expectation that they would not survive the voyage.  One was 2Lt. Absalom H. Farrar of Co. C, 13th Mississippi Infantry who had been wounded in the right foot before he was captured on the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg.  He had been moved to the hospital in Augusta, Georgia, where he died on February 1st, 1865.

Capt. Leon Jastremska

CSA Capt. Leon Jastremska

The voyage ended at Fort Delaware, completing a round trip for those who had survived, but as with many times before, no exchange was waiting for them.  Three more officers had died on the voyage north on the Illinois.  Remarkably, three more stowed away when the ship reached Fort Delaware, including Capt. Leon Jastremska, a veteran of Gettysburg who served with Co. E, 10th Louisiana.  When the ship later arrived at New York City, they escaped.

Immediately upon arrival at Fort Delaware, 75 of the officers were sent to the post hospital because of their dire condition.  18 of them died there.  Gettysburg veteran Capt. John J. Dunkle Co. K, 25th Virginia Infantry spoke of the Fort Delaware prisoners who had not made the trip when he said, “Our comrades scarcely knew us, so changed were our features, and so haggard our countenances.”

Result of Captivity – Immortal 600

Result All GB Veteran Captured at GB
Died on Morris Island 3 1 1
Died at Beaufort Hospital, SC 1 0 0
Died at Fort Pulaski, GA 13 11 4
Died at Hilton Head, SC 4 2 2
Died on board the steamer Illinois 34 0 0
Died at Fort Delaware, DE 18 10 2
Died at Hospital, Augusta, GA 1 1 1
Died at home soon after of effects 3 2 1
Survived Captivity 554 303 40
Total: 600 330 51

Despite their hardships and deprivations, most of the surviving Confederate officers refused to take the oath of allegiance to the United States during their ordeal, even knowing that to do so would have eased their suffering.  Even by May 2nd, 1865 when they knew of the final defeat of the Confederacy, many refused to “swallow the yellow dog” and swear their allegiance to the victors even though it was a condition of their release. The last holdouts finally complied on 24 July 1865, nearly 3 months after the end of the war, and were released.

1Lt. Junius L. Hempstead

CSA 1Lt. Junius L. Hempstead

Capt. Jacob W. Matthews

CSA Capt. Jacob W. Matthews

At a Confederate reunion in 1905, two former officers of the 25th Virginia Infantry, 1st Lt. Junius Lackland Hempstead (Co. F) as President, and Capt. Jacob W. Matthews (Co. I) as Vice-President, founded the Society of the Immortal Six Hundred with Capt. John Ogden Murray, (formerly of Co. A, 11th Virginia Cavalry) as its Secretary.  All three were veterans of the Battle of Gettysburg. (In the same year, Capt. Murray published his extensive first-hand account of his experiences, cited among the sources at the end of this post.)

The purpose of the Society of the Immortal Six Hundred was to “to help, so far as we can, in a practical way, and minister to the wants of our comrades and members of the Six Hundred who remained true unto the end of the ordeal of fire and starvation.”

2Lt. William Epps

CSA 2Lt. William Epps

The bylaws of the Society further stipulated that their purpose was to “keep alive the story of our terrible days on Morris Island as prisoners of war and the inhumanity and brutal treatment inflicted upon us by the United States Government, and give to our children and the world a true history of our tortures on Morris Island, South Carolina, and subsequent brutal treatment at Fort Pulaski, Georgia, and at Hilton Head, South Carolina”.

The last known survivor of the Immortal 600, 2Lt. William Epps of Co. D, 4th South Carolina Cavalry, proved mortal after all on November 12th, 1934.

On May 21st, 2012 the National Park Service erected a wayside marker and a monument at Fort Pulaski, Georgia, summarizing the experience of the Immortal 600 and listing the names of the 13 Confederate officers who died at that fort.

 

Notes

1Throughout this post, “veteran of Gettysburg” means that the officer’s regiment was at Gettysburg. It is possible that some individual officer(s) were in a hospital, on furlough, or otherwise not personally engaged in that battle.

2Two of these “officers” may actually have been enlisted men. See Edward S. Hart and William P. Johnson on the full list.

3This officer’s rank, regiment, and date/place of capture are in dispute as his Compiled Military Service Record is inconsistent on all of these points.  See his entry in the list above.

4One of these officer who died on board the Illinois was not identified by name.

Sources and further reading:

  • The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS), National Park Service, http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm
  • FindAGrave tombstone photos, www.FindAGrave.com
  • “Immortal 600: Prisoners Under Fire at Charleston Harbor During the American Civil War” HistoryNet, web site.
  • “Imprisoned Under Fire”, Richmond Times Dispatch, 22 Aug 1897, pg6, as reprinted in Southern Historical Society Papers, v25, Jan-Dec, 1897.
  • Joslyn, Mauriel Phillips, Immortal Captives (Gretna, LA: White Mane Publishing Co., Inc., 2008).
  • Joslyn, Mauriel, The Biographical Roster of the Immortal 600 (Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Publishing Co., Inc, 1991).
  • Kaufmann, Patricia A., “The Immortal 600: Exceedingly rare covers help tell the Civil War story of horrid retaliation and retribution”, The American Stamp Dealer & Collector, April, 2009, p19, pdf file.
  • Murray, J. Ogden, The Immortal Six Hundred (Roanoke: The Stone Printing and Manufacturing Co., 1911).
  • Pearce, T. H., “The Immortal 600”, Confederate Veteran, Vol. XXXIV, No. 1, Jan-Feb, 1986.
  • “Prison Experience of a Confederate Soldier”, Bristol Courier, 14 Sep 1893, as reprinted in Southern Historical Society Papers, v22, Jan-Dec, 1894.
  • “Prisoner of War Experience”, National Park Service, web site.
  • “The Prisoners of War: The Immortal 600, Charleston, S. C.”, web site.
  • Stokes, Karen, The Immortal 600: Surviving Civil War Charleston and Savannah, (Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2013).
  • Speer, Lonnie R., Portals to Hell: Military Prisons of the Civil War (Lincoln, Nebraska: Bison Books, 2005).
  • Speer, Lonnie R., War of Vengeance: Acts of Retaliation Against Civil War POWs (Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2002).


Full List of the Immortal 600 (long)

Following is the complete list of the “Immortal 600,” a group of Confederate officers in captivity who were held as human shields in the line of friendly fire in Charleston Harbor and then subjected to some of the most inhumane treatment of POWs that was ever documented in the Civil War.  (This previous post focused specifically on those who were captured at Gettysburg.)

This list of the 600 represents a reconciliation of various published sources, the oldest of which was published in 1911 by Captain John Ogden Murray, himself a member of the Immortal 600.  The most reliable spelling of the surname is given first, followed by variations that were encountered among my sources. The Captain in command of Co. B, 4th Alabama Infantry, for instance, is identified on his tombstone as John Penn Breedlove. He was variously identified among the published lists, however, as Breedlove, Breedslove, Browlove, Freedlove, and Greedlove. For some officers, I encountered as many as NINE variations on his surname!

In my list, soldier’s who the evidence suggests were at the Battle of Gettysburg are named in all caps. Those who were captured at Gettysburg are in bold.  (To see a list of only those who were captured at Gettysburg, see this post instead).

Ranks are as recorded in the POW records, on the soldier’s tombstone, or in other records and do not necessarily represent the soldier’s rank at the time of the Battle of Gettysburg.

All of the soldiers in this list, along with some biographical information, given name variations, and itemized source citations will be included in the next release of our popular smartphone app, Pocket Gettysburg for iPhone/iPad.

Here, then, is the list of …

The Immortal 600

ABERNETHY/ABERNATHY, 1Lt. Sidney Smith
Co. D, 30th North Carolina Infantry
b. 15 Jul 1832; res. Wake County or Forestville, North Carolina; captured at Kelly’s Ford, Virginia, on 7 Nov 1863.
Adams, 1Lt. Richard Henry (Jr. )
C.S. Engineer Corps
b. 21 Apr 1841 at Faunsdale, Marengo County, Alabama; res. Fandsall or Farmsdale or Faunsdale, Alabama; captured near Columbia, Tennessee, on 25 Sep 1863 or at Mt. Pleasant, Tennessee,in 1863; d. at Radford City, Virginia.
Adams, 2Lt. William H.
Co. K, 51st Tennessee Infantry
res. Covington, Tennessee; captured at Ringgold, Georgia, on 25 Nov 1863.
Adamson/Anderson, 2Lt. Simon Granville
Co. G, 11th Texas Cavalry
res. Weston, Collins County or Fannin, Texas; captured at McMinnville, Tennessee, on 4 Oct 1863.
Adkins/Atkins, 2Lt. Samuel S.
Co. B, 5th Kentucky Mtd Infantry
res. West Liberty, Kentucky; captured at Mt. Liberty in Oct 1863 or at West Liberty, Ohio, on 16 Jul 1863; took the oath of allegiance at Hilton Head in 1865.
Ake, Capt. Peter
Co. A, 3rd Missouri Cavalry
res. Ironton or Iverton, Missouri; captured at Helena, Arkansas, on 3 Nov 1863.
AKERS, 2Lt. Peter B.
Co. A, 11th Virginia Infantry
res. Lynchburg, Virginia; captured at Milford Station, Virginia, on 21 May 1864; placed in convict prison at Hilton Head Jan 20-Feb 16, 1865 for cutting the buttons off the coat of an oath-taker and making a plan to escape.
ALBRIGHT, 2Lt. George Nicholas
Co. F, 6th North Carolina Infantry
b. 14 Feb 1840; res. Stanton, Tennessee or Melville, North Carolina; captured at Rapidan Station or Rappahannock Station, Virginia, on 7 Nov 1863.
Alderson/Anderson, 2Lt. William H.
Co. F, 6th Tennessee Cavalry (Wheeler’s)
res. Murray County or Maury County or Murray, Tennessee; captured at Columbia, Tennessee, on 11 Oct 1863; d. 30 Mar 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of erysipelas.
Aldridge/Aldrich, 2Lt. Marcus L.
Co. B, 3rd Kentucky Cavalry
res. Dallas, Texas or Dallas County, Kentucky; captured at Syracuse or Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
ALEXANDER, Capt. William J.
Co. A, 37th North Carolina Infantry
res. Wilkesboro, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
Alfriend, Capt. Peyton
Co. A, 3rd Virginia Infantry Battalion Res.
res. Petersburg, Virginia; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 9 Jun 1864.
Allen, 2Lt. Cicero M.
Co. C, 2nd Arkansas Cavalry
b. circa 1842 at Holmes County, Mississippi; res. New Orleans, La. or Marion, Arkansas; captured at Cold Water Ford, Mississippi, on 3 Nov 1863; escaped; d. at Lake Providence, Louisiana.
ALLEN/ALLAN, Capt. Henry Archibald
Co. K, 9th Virginia Infantry
b. 1831 at Portsmouth, Virginia; res. Portsmouth, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; d. 7 Jul 1912.
Allen, 2Lt. James Henry
Co. A, 45th Virginia Infantry
b. 23 Sep 1841 at Madison, (West) Virginia; res. Ballardsville, Boone County, Virginia; captured at Logan County, (West) Virginia, on 9 Dec 1863; d. at Ramage, West Virginia.
ALLEN, 1Lt. John C.
Co. C, 7th Virginia Cavalry
b. 1832 at Edinburg, Virginia; res. Edinburg or Edenburg, Virginia; captured near Romney, (West) Virginia, on 2 Feb 1864.
Allen, 2Lt. John M.
Co. B, 29th Mississippi Infantry
b. 6 Mar 1839 at Tallahatchie County, Mississippi; res. Grenada, Mississippi; captured at Chickahominy, Virginia, or Chickamauga, Georgia, on 20 Sep 1863.
Allen, Capt. John Price
Co. H, 55th Georgia Infantry
b. 1 Feb 1831; res. Dawson, Georgia; captured at Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, on 9 Sep 1863.
ALLEN, 1Lt. Thomas M.
Co. E, 4th North Carolina Infantry
b. 4 Oct 1839 at Raleigh, North Carolina; res. Fairfield, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863.
Allen, 2Lt. William Edwin
Co. I, 60th Tennessee Mtd Infantry
b. 1829; res. Newport, Tennessee; captured at Big Black River, Mississippi, on 17 May 1863; d. 14 Jul 1908.
Allen, 2Lt. William H.
Co. E, 49th Alabama Infantry
res. Guntersville, Alabama; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, in 1864 or on 9 Jul 1863.
ALLEN, 1Lt. Wyatt B.
Co. I, 6th North Carolina Infantry
b. 11 Aug 1837; res. Wake County, North Carolina; captured at Rappahannock Station, Virginia, on 7 Nov 1863.
Allensworth/Allenworth, 2Lt. Stephen Phillip
Co. E, 2nd Kentucky Cavalry (Duke’s)
res. Todd County, Kentucky; captured at Salineville, Ohio, on 26 Jul 1863.
Allison/Ballison, 2Lt. Montreville Bragg
Co. H, 62nd North Carolina Infantry
b. 13 Jun 1838; res. Sampson, North Carolina; captured at Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, on 9 Sep 1863.
ANDERSON, 2Lt. Samuel Thompson
Co. D, 1st South Carolina Cavalry
b. 29 Jun 1838; res. Chester, South Carolina; captured at Martinsburg, (West) Virginia, on 19 Jul 1863.
ANDERSON, 1Lt. William Tillinghurst
Co. A, 5th North Carolina Infantry
b. 10 Nov 1842; res. Snowhill or Fayetteville, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
ANDIS/ANDREWS/ANDES, 1Lt. Earl Carson
Co. F, 4th Virginia Infantry
b. 15 Oct 1833; res. Elk Creek, West Virginia; captured at Morton’s Ford, Virginia, on 6 Feb 1864.
ANDREWS, 2Lt. Henry Calvin
Co. G, 28th North Carolina Infantry
b. 18 Aug 1825; res. Orange County, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Andrews, 1Lt. James Jackson
Co. F, 4th Alabama Cavalry (Rodney’s)
b. 17 Jan 1838; res. Florence, Alabama; captured at Florence, Alabama, on 30 Nov 1863.
ANGELL/ANGEL/ANGLE, 1Lt. Anderson R.
Co. K, 42nd Virginia Infantry
b. 1840; res. Rocky Mount or Franklin County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
ANGELL/ANGEL/ANGLE, Capt. John G.
Co. A, 5th Louisiana Infantry
b. circa 1841; res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at Rappahannock Station, Virginia, on 7 Nov 1863.
APPLEBERRY/APPLEBURY/APPLEBERY, 2Lt. Thomas A.
Co. F, 44th Virginia Infantry
b. 25 Sep 1830; res. Fluvanna County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; exchanged at Hilton Head on 14 December 1864.
Arbuckle, Capt. David A.
Co. I, 17th Arkansas Infantry (Griffith’s)
b. 5 Nov 1835; res. Fort Smith, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; d. 2 Mar 1879.
ARMSTEAD/ARMISTEAD, 1Lt. Thomas Stewart
Co. E, 8th Florida Infantry
b. 23 Jul 1842; res. Bowling Green, Florida or Marianna, Florida; occ. minister; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
Armstrong, 1Lt. Andrew Jackson
Co. I, 46th Alabama Infantry
b. 13 Jul 1835; res. Columbia, Alabama; occ. planter; captured at Champion Hill, Mississippi, on 16 May 1863.
Arnold, 2Lt. Bonaparte
Co. C, 28th Tennessee Infantry
b. 21 Sep 1835; res. Franklin or Sparta, Tennessee; captured at Huntsville, Alabama, on 24 Feb 1864.
Arrants/Avants, 2Lt. John Granville Sharp
Co. E, 63rd Tennessee Infantry
b. 9 Sep 1838; res. Selma, California or Zollicoffer, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
ARRINGTON/ANNINGTON, 1Lt. John
Co. I, 42nd Virginia Infantry
res. Campbell Court House or Campbell County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
ASBURY/ASHBURN/ASBERRY/ASBEREY/ASBING, 1Lt. William B.
Co. H, 16th Virginia Cavalry
res. Tazewell County or Target Hill, Wayne County, Virginia; captured at Wayne County, (West) Virginia, on 15 Feb 1864.
Ashton, Capt. John Devereaux
Co. M, 4th Georgia Cavalry (Clinch’s)
res. Burke or Burk County, Georgia; captured at Summerville, Georgia, on 10 Sep 1863; exchanged at Fort Pulaski in 1864.
ATKINSON/ATKINS, Capt. Robert W.
Co. E, 2nd North Carolina Cavalry
res. Wilson, North Carolina; captured at Hanover Court House, Virginia, on 29 May 1864; chronic diarrhea; took the oath of allegiance at Fort Pulaski in 1865; not under fire.
Austin, Capt. John B.
Co. F, 2nd Kentucky Cavalry (Duke’s)
res. Charlotte, Tenn. or Charlotte, Kentucky; captured at Dickson County, Tennessee, on 27 Oct 1863.
AVANT/AVAUNT/ANANT, 2Lt. William R.
Co. I, 61st Georgia Infantry
res. Macon, Georgia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 1 Jul 1863.
Avent/Avant/Averett, 1Lt. George W.
Co. D, 35th North Carolina Infantry
b. 1839; res. Chatham County, North Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864; d. 10 May 1926.
BAILEY/BAILY, Capt. William (Jr. )
Co. G, 5th Florida Infantry
res. Leon County, Florida; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 Jul 1863; d. 3 Mar 1865 at Hilton Head, South Carolina, of pneumonia.
Baker, Capt. Henry
Co. G, 3rd CS Cavalry
res. Mississippi or Natchez, Tennessee; captured near Chattanooga, Tennessee, on 20 Jul 1863.
Baker, Col. John A.
Co. S, 3rd North Carolina Cavalry
b. 19 Sep 1830; res. Wilmington, North Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 21 Jun 1864; took the oath of allegiance at Fort Pulaski in March, 1865.
BALLANTINE/BALLENTINE/BALLYNTINE/BALLINTINE/BATTENTINE, Capt. William Duncan
Co. A, 2nd Florida Infantry
res. Pensacola, Florida; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 Jul 1863.
BARNES/BURNES, 2Lt. Francis Cargill
Co. K, 6th Virginia Infantry
res. Charlotte County or Marysville, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
Barnes, Capt. William W.
Co. A, 9th Georgia Artillery Battalion
res. Atlanta, Georgia; captured at Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, on 9 Sep 1863.
Barrett/Burnett/Bassett, 1Lt. Charles L.
Co. B, 3th Mississippi Infantry (Claiborne’s)
res. Port Gibson, Mississippi; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
BARROW/BARON, 2Lt. Thaddeus P.
Co. I, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
res. Washington, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Bartholemy/Bartholmy, 1Lt. John Clarke
Co. H, 20th Louisiana Infantry
res. St. James, Louisiana; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
Barton, 2Lt. Andrew J.
Co. D, 55th Georgia Infantry
res. Gainesville, Georgia; captured at Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, on 9 Sep 1863.
Barton/Bartoes, 2Lt. William L.
Co. H, 2nd Mississippi Infantry
res. Tupelo, Mississippi; captured at Tupelo, Mississippi, on 4 May 1863; exchanged.
BASS/BOSS, 2Lt. Washington P.
Co. A, 15th Alabama Infantry
res. Tuskegee or Salem, Alabama; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
BATCHELOR/BACHELOR, 2Lt. Charles J.
Co. E, 2nd Louisiana Infantry
res. Red River Landing or Red River, Louisiana; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
BATES, 1Lt. Dwight Edward
Jeff Davis (AL) Art
b. 21 Nov 1814; res. Selma, Alabama; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Batte, Maj. Peter Vernon
Co. S, 44th Virginia Infantry Battalion
b. 1841; res. Petersburg, Virginia; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 15 Jun 1864; d. 21 Nov 1893.
Baughman/Banglenan/Boughman, 1Lt. Francis Marion
Co. C, 1st South Carolina Infantry (McCreary’s)
res. Florence, South Carolina; captured at Haniver, Virginia, in 1864 or at N Anna River Br, Virginia, on 24 May 1864; chronic diarrhea; not under fire.
Baxter, 1Lt. John B.
Co. F, 23rd Arkansas Infantry
b. 26 May 1839 at Wilson County, Tennessee; res. Monroe, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; d. at Brinkley, Arkansas.
Bedell/Beadle, 2Lt. William H.
Co. E, 1st Alabama Cavalry
res. Tallahassee, Alabama; captured at McMinnville, Tennessee, on 23 Oct 1863; wounded in foot; not under fire.
Bedford, 1Lt. Alexander Marshall
Co. D, 3rd Missouri Cavalry Battalion
b. 30 Mar 1828; res. Dent Court House or Savannah, Missouri; captured at Big Black River, Mississippi, on 17 May 1863.
BELL, 1Lt. Erasmus Lee
Co. K, 10th Virginia Infantry
b. 19 Mar 1843; res. Lynchburg, Virginia or Luray, Virginia; occ. merchant; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Benson/Benton, 1Lt. Peru Hardy
Co. I, 23rd Arkansas Infantry
b. 23 Sep 1820; res. Wall, Tom Green County, Tex. or Jonesboro, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; d. 4 Oct 1906.
BENTLEY/BENTLY, 2Lt. John B.
Co. F, 22nd Georgia Infantry
b. 10 Sep 1826; res. Lincolnton, Georgia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 Jul 1863.
Benton, 2Lt. Peter Gooding
Co. C, 11th Missouri Infantry
res. Cassville, Missouri; captured at Helena, Arkansas, on 4 Jul 1863.
Bernard, 1Lt. William Langdon
Co. G, 37th Virginia Cavalry Battalion
res. Rocky Mount or Rock Mount, Franklin County, Virginia; captured at Leesburg, Virginia, on 16 Jul 1864.
BERRY/BERY/BARRY, 2Lt. Thornton J.
Co. C, 25th Virginia Infantry
b. 1 Jan 1839; res. Salt Lick or Salt Lake, West Virginia; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 5 May 1864.
BESSONETT/BASSONETT/BASSONELL/BASSONIT/BESSENOT, 2Lt. Francis M.
Co. H, 12th Mississippi Infantry
b. 21 Aug 1842; res. Union Chun or Union, Mississippi; captured at Cheeter Gap or Chester Gap, Virginia, on 24 Jul 1863; d. 17 Jul 1871.
Bishop, 1Lt. William Tillmon
Co. G, 16th Alabama Infantry
b. 25 Sep 1823; res. Florence, Alabama; captured at Bexar or Baxter, Alabama, on 20 Jun 1863; exchanged at Hilton Head.
BISSELL/BESSIE/BISCELL/PRISSELL, 2Lt. William Swinton
Co. I, 2nd South Carolina Infantry
b. 12 Mar 1839; res. Charlestown or Charleston, South Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863; exchanged in December, 1864; d. 6 Sep 1881.
BLAINE/BLAIN/BLAIR/BLANE, 2Lt. John Allman
Co. H, 16th North Carolina Infantry
b. 20 May 1839; res. Macon County or Franklin County, North Carolina; captured at Falling Waters, Maryland, on 14 Jul 1863; d. 12 Jan 1916.
BLAIR, Capt. John C.
Co. D, 1st North Carolina Cavalry
res. Boone County, North Carolina; captured at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, on 11 May 1864 or 21 May 1864; was shot by a black sentinel on Morris Island.
BLAND, 2Lt. Stewart Dolly
Co. A, 18th Virginia Cavalry
b. 25 Mar 1839; res. Guthrie, Kentucky, R.F.D. or Franklin, West Virginia; captured at Pendleton County, (West) Virginia, in Jan 1863 or on 24 Jan 1864.
BLOODWORTH/BLUDWORTH/BLUDBARCK, 2Lt. James Harris
Co. C, 4th North Carolina Cavalry
b. 14 Feb 1835; res. Wilmington, North Carolina; captured at Brandy Station, Virginia, on 11 Oct 1863; d. 23 Apr 1883.
Blue, Capt. Evander McNair
Co. C, 35th North Carolina Infantry
b. 23 Aug 1833; res. Moose County or Moore County, North Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
Board, Capt. Thomas Henry
Co. I, 58th Virginia Infantry
res. Bedford County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
BODDIE/BODIE, 1Lt. Elijah
Co. C, 7th Tennessee Infantry
res. Gallitan or Gallatin, Tennessee; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 5 May 1864; d. 18 Mar 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of acute diarrhea.
Boggs, 1Lt. William W.
Co. I, 20th Virginia Cavalry
res. Wheeling, West Virginia; captured at Loudoun County, Virginia, on 16 Jul 1864.
BOHANNON/BOHANNAN, Capt. Simon S.
Co. I, 28th North Carolina Infantry
b. 20 Jan 1835; res. Yadkin County, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Bond/Band, 1Lt. Julien D.
Co. G, 59th Alabama Infantry
res. Guntersville or Haynesville, Alabama; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
Booton, Maj. Daniel Field
Co. S, 3rd Georgia Cavalry
b. 21 Sep 1833; res. Rome, Georgia; captured at Fair Gardens, Tennessee, on 27 Jan 1864.
BOSS/BASS, 1Lt. James J.
Co. G, 35th Georgia Infantry
b. 2 Apr 1835; res. Munroe or Monroe County, Georgia; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
Boswell, 1Lt. William J.
Co. B, 55th Georgia Infantry
b. 25 Jan 1839; res. Penfield or Canfield, Georgia; captured at Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, on 9 Sep 1863.
BOWERS/BORVEY, 1Lt. Michael E.
Co. K, 25th Virginia Infantry
res. Franklin County or Franklin, West Virginia; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 5 May 1864.
BOWIE, 2Lt. Robert S.
Co. B, 37th Virginia Infantry
res. Abingdon, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
BOWMAN/BOWERMAN/BAUMAN/BOMAN/BOUNAN/BOWMER, 1Lt. J. Dowling
Co. G, 15th Louisiana Infantry
b. 11 May 1836 at Jamestown, Pennsylvania; res. Bastrop, Louisiana; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. at Linesville, Pennsylvania.
Boyd, Capt. James W.
Co. F, 6th Tennessee Infantry
res. Jackson, Tennessee; captured at Corinth, Mississippi, on 1 Jul 1863; took the oath of allegiance at Morris Island or at Hilton Head Prison in 1865.
Boyd, Capt. Thomas
Co. B, 1st Mississippi Infantry
res. Ducater, Tex.,R.F.D. or Moorsville or Morrisonville, Mississippi; captured at Corinth or Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
Bradburn/Bradford, Capt. Mark S.
Co. I, 16th Arkansas Infantry
res. Liberty, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; chronic diarrhea; not under fire.
Bradford, Capt. Moses Jasper
Co. G, 10th Missouri Infantry
b. 25 Nov 1833; res. Raleigh, Missouri; captured at Helena, Arkansas, on 4 Jul 1863; d. 13 Feb 1865 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic diarrhea.
BRADFORD, Capt. Nero Guy
Co. I, 26th North Carolina Infantry
b. 1825; res. Lenoir County, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 5 Jul 1863; d. 22 Sep 1889.
Bradley/Bradly, 2Lt. Thomas Edward
Co. A, 23rd Tennessee Infantry
b. 8 Apr 1842; res. Dixon Springs or Smith County, Tennessee; captured at Chickamauga, Georgia, on 19 Sep 1863.
BRANCH, 1Lt. Sanford Walker
Co. B, 8th Georgia Infantry
b. 17 Mar 1840; res. Savannah, Georgia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863.
Branch, Maj. Thomas Plumer
Staff to GEN R. Ranson
b. 10 Jan 1837 at Petersburg, Virginia; res. Petersburg, Virginia; captured at Drury’s Bluff, Virginia, on 16 May 1864 or 18 May 1864; d. at Augusta, Georgia.
Brand, 2Lt. George Charleton
Co. B, 2nd Missouri Cavalry
res. Boonsville or Boonville or Brownsville, Missouri; captured at Holly Springs, Mississippi, on 3 May 1863.
BREEDLOVE/BREEDSLOVE/BROWLOVE/FREEDLOVE/GREEDLOVE, 1Lt. John Penn
Co. B, 4th Alabama Infantry
b. 1 Aug 1840; res. Tuskegee, Alabama; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863.
Brent, Capt. Jack Langhorne
Co. F, 18th Arkansas Infantry
b. 4 Jul 1843; res. Louisville, Kentucky or Lenville, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
BRINKLEY/BRINKLY/BRINCKLY/BUNKLEY, 2Lt. Hugh Griffin
Co. I, 41st Virginia Infantry
b. 1840; res. Norfolk, Virginia; captured at Nansemond County, Virginia, on 3 Sep 1863; d. 9 Oct 1869.
Bronaugh/Branaugh, 1Lt. David Thomas
Co. F, 16th Arkansas Infantry
b. 1843; res. Liberty, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; d. 15 May 1914.
Brothers, 1Lt. Joseph Warren
Co. C, 67th North Carolina Infantry
b. 1 Aug 1841; res. Kinston or Kingston, North Carolina; captured at Kinston, North Carolina, on 22 Jun 1864.
BROWN, 2Lt. Alexander H.
Co. H, 30th North Carolina Infantry
res. Melville or Lynstreth or Chatham, North Carolina; captured at Kelly’s Ford, Virginia, on 7 Nov 1863.
BROWN, 1Lt. Benjamin L.
Co. E, 59th Georgia Infantry
b. 2 Nov 1834; res. Fort Gaines, Georgia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863 or 5 Jul 1863.
BROWN, Capt. Bezaliel G.
Co. I, 7th Virginia Infantry
res. Brown’s Cove, Albermarle County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; d. Jul 1865 at at home.
BROWN, 2Lt. John G.
Co. D, 49th Virginia Infantry
b. 18 Nov 1841; res. Front Royal, Virginia; captured at Mechanicsville, Virginia, on 30 May 1864 or Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 3 Jun 1864.
BRUMLEY/BROMLY/BARMLEY/BROMLEY/BRUMMELY/BRUNLEY/BURMLEY, Capt. Ozniah R.
Co. B, 20th North Carolina Infantry
res. Concord, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 1 Jul 1863; d. 4 Mar 1865 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of pneumonia.
Bryan, 2Lt. Robert C.
Co. A, 2nd Tennessee Cavalry (Ashby’s)
b. at Tennessee; res. La Grange, Tennessee; captured at Salem or Tippah County, Mississippi, on 25 Apr 1863; not under fire; d. 8 Oct 1864 at Beaufort Hospital, Beaufort County, South Carolina, of chronic diarrhea.
BRYAN/BRYANT, 2Lt. Robertson Crusoe
Co. F, 48th Virginia Infantry
b. 24 Aug 1842; res. 16 Front Street, Bristol, Virginia or Abingdon, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Buist/Buish/Bruist, Capt. Henry
Co. G, 27th South Carolina Infantry
b. 25 Dec 1829; res. Charleston, South Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 24 Jun 1864; exchanged at Morris Island on 27 Sept 1864.
BULL, 2Lt. Alexander L.
Co. C, 5th Florida Infantry
res. Tallahassee, Florida; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
BULLARD/BALLARD, 2Lt. David Smith
Co. A, 18th North Carolina Infantry
res. Owenville or Owensville, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
BULLOCK, 1Lt. John T.
Co. E, 23rd North Carolina Infantry
b. 31 Mar 1839; res. Tranquility, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
BULLOCK/BULLOCH, 2Lt. William M.
Co. H, 48th Mississippi Infantry
res. Bovina, Mississippi; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
BURGESS/BURGES, 1Lt. John M.
Co. H, 8th Louisiana Infantry
res. Holmesville, Louisiana; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
BURGIN/BRUGIN/BURGWYN/BARGAIN/BURGER, 2Lt. John M.
Co. K, 22nd North Carolina Infantry
res. Marion, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; d. 28 Jan 1865 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic diarrhea.
Burke/Barke, Capt. John H.
Co. B, 2nd Tennessee Cavalry (Ashby’s)
res. Knoxville, Tennessee; captured at Corinth, Mississippi, or Lancaster, Kentucky, on 30 Jul 1863.
BURKHEAD/BIRKHEAD/BIRCKHEAD/BUERKHEAD, 1Lt. B.
Co. I, 22nd North Carolina Infantry
b. 22 Aug 1839; res. Randolph or Ashboro, North Carolina; captured at Hanover Junction, Virginia, on 24 May 1864.
BURNETT, 2Lt. John Anderson
Co. E, 50th Virginia Infantry
b. 10 Jun 1840; res. Bluntsville or Blountville or Blountsville, Tennessee; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Burnett/Burnette/Barrett, Capt. W. B.
Co. G, 10th Arkansas Infantry
res. Marion, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; lost right foot; not under fire.
BURNEY/BIRNEY/BIRNY, 1Lt. Iverson L.
Co. A, 49th Georgia Infantry
res. Wilkinson county, Georgia or Twiggs County, Georgia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863; d. 12 Nov 1864 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic diarrhea.
BURT, 1Lt. Augustus W. (Jr. )
Co. A, 7th South Carolina Infantry
res. Hamburg, South Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; lost left leg; not under fire.
BURTON, Capt. John W.
Co. D, 6th Alabama Infantry
res. Montgomery, Alabama; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863; exchanged at Hilton Head.
BUSBEE/BUSBEY/BUSBY, SgtMaj. Charles Manly
Co. S, 5th North Carolina Infantry
b. 23 Oct 1845; res. Raleigh, North Carolina; captured at Spotyslvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; promoted to Sgt. Maj. on 5 Dec 1863; the only non-commissioned officer in the group.
Caldwell, 2Lt. Oliver Hazard Perry
Co. K, 19th Arkansas Infantry (Dockery’s)
res. Magnolia, Arkansas; captured at Big Black River, Mississippi, on 17 May 1863.
Callahan/Calahan, 1Lt. William P.
Co. B, 25th Tennessee Infantry
res. Livingston, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864; d. 27 Sep 1864 at Morris Island, South Carolina, of chronic diarrhea.
CAMDEN, Capt. Edwin Duncan
Co. C, 25th Virginia Infantry
res. Sutton, West Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; erysipelas; not under fire.
Cameron/Cammeron, 2Lt. William Newton
Co. A, 25th Tennessee Infantry
b. 13 Oct 1841; res. Sparta, Tennessee; captured at Drury’s Bluff, Virginia, on 16 May 1864; took the oath of allegiance at Hilton Head in 1865.
Campbell, Capt. Gilbert R.
21st Tennessee Cavalry (N.Carter’s)
res. Manchester, Tennessee; captured at Shelbyville, Tennessee, on 29 Oct 1863; placed in convict prison at Hilton Head Jan 20-Feb 16, 1865 for cutting the buttons off the coat of an oath-taker, , and making a plan to escape.
Campbell, Capt. Richard Franklin
Co. I, 49th Alabama Infantry
b. 21 Apr 1836; res. Village Springs, Alabama; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
CAMPBELL, 2Lt. Robert C.
Co. D, 53rd Virginia Infantry
res. King William County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
Campbell, 2Lt. Watson C.
Co. E, 25th Tennessee Infantry
b. 1841; res. Cooksville or Cookeville, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864; d. 18 Feb 1865 at Hilton Head, South Carolina, of chronic diarrhea.
Campbell, Capt. William L.
Co. I, 11th South Carolina Infantry
res. Waltersboro or Waterboro, South Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 9 May 1864 or 13 May 1864.
CANNOY/CANOY/CONWAY/CANNOI, 2Lt. Barney B.
Co. F, 4th Virginia Infantry
res. Elk Creek, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
CANTWELL/CANTROW/CANTRELL, Capt. John Lucas Paul
Co. F, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
b. 29 Dec 1828; res. Wilmington, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
CARDER/CARDON/CARTER, 2Lt. William B.
Co. D, 4th Virginia Infantry
res. Marion, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
Cargile/Cargill/Corzill, 1Lt. Christopher W.
Co. A, 10th Arkansas Infantry
res. Little Rock, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
CARR, 1Lt. Robert B.
Co. A, 43rd North Carolina Infantry
res. Maynolin or Magnolia, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3-5, 1863 ; d. 3 Jul 1865 at Hilton Head, South Carolina, of chronic diarrhea.
Carr, 1Lt. Thomas Jasper
Co. G, 43rd Georgia Infantry
b. 1835; res. Jefferson County, Georgia; captured at Champion Hill, Mississippi, on 16 May 1863.
CARRINGTON, Capt. James McDowell
Charlottesville (Virginia) Art
b. 11 Sep 1838; res. Charlottesville, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
CARSON, 1Lt. John Charles
Co. A, Jeff Davis (MS) Legion (Cav)
b. 9 Jul 1840 at Natchez. Mississippi; res. Natchez, Mississippi; captured at Trevillian Station, Virginia, on 12 Jun 1864.
Carson, Capt. Leroy P.
Co. D, 35th Tennessee Infantry
res. McMinnsville or McMinnville, Tennessee; captured at Seymour Valley or Sequatchie County, Tennessee, on 19 Aug 1863; d. 18 May 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of pneumonia.
CARSON, 1Lt. Samuel F.
Co. D, 5th Virginia Infantry
b. 18 Jul 1831; res. Steel’s Tavern or Augusta County, Virginia; captured at Morton’s Ford, Virginia, on 6 Feb 1864.
CARTER, Capt. Edward
Co. K, 8th Virginia Infantry
b. 19 Aug 1843; res. Henrico County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; wounded right leg; not under fire.
Carter, 1Lt. George Washington
Co. H, 23rd Arkansas Infantry
b. 11 Mar 1842; res. Arkadelphia, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
CARTER, Capt. Thomas Mitchell
Co. I, 14th Georgia Infantry
res. Jackson or Jackson County, Georgia; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
CARTER, Capt. William Pleasants Page
King William (Virginia) Art
b. 6 Sep 1836; res. Boyce, Clarke County or Millwood, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
CARVER, 2Lt. Elias A.
Co. I, 1st North Carolina Infantry
res. Forrestville or Forestville, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Cash, 1Lt. James M.
Co. D, 4th Tennessee Cavalry (Murray’s)
res. Livingston, Tennessee; captured at Lexington, Kentucky, on 8 Feb 1864; chronic diarrhea; not under fire.
CASON/CASSON, 3Lt. John R.
Co. I, 17th Mississippi Infantry
res. Watson or Holly Springs, Mississippi; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 Jul 1863; placed in convict prison at Hilton Head Jan 20-Feb 16, 1865 for cutting the buttons off the coat of an oath-taker, , and making a plan to escape.
CATHEY/CARTHERY/CARTHEY, 1Lt. Alexander A.
Co. G, 34th North Carolina Infantry
b. 15 Oct 1833; res. Charlotte, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; lost left leg; not under fire.
Cauthorn/Cawthorne/Cantham, 2Lt. Andrew Brooke
Co. C, 26th Virginia Infantry
b. 16 Feb 1841; res. King & Queen Court House or King William County, Virginia; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 15 Jun 1864.
CAVANAUGH, 1Lt. Patrick H.
Co. B, 1st Louisiana Infantry (Nelligan’s)
b. 11 Jun 1837; res. Liberty, Louisiana; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
CHADBOURNE/CHADBURN/CHATBOURNE, 1Lt. Henry A.
Co. C, 10th Alabama Infantry
res. Faunsdale or Selma, Alabama; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2-3 Jul 1863.
CHADDUCK/CHADWICK/CHADDOCK, 1Lt. Charles T.
Co. H, 33rd Virginia Infantry
res. Luray, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; chronic dysentery; not under fire.
CHALKLEY/CHALKEY, 2Lt. Gideon P.
Co. D, 14th Virginia Infantry
res. Petersburg, Virginia or Chesterfield County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; lost right leg; not under fire; sent from Hilton Head to Beaufort, South Carolina.
CHAMBERS, Capt. Charles Edward
Co. B, 13th Alabama Infantry
res. Tuskegee, Alabama; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
CHANDLER, Capt. Thomas Coleman
Co. K, 47th Virginia Infantry
b. 15 Mar 1840; res. Bowling Green, Virginia; occ. farmer; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
CHANDLER/CHANDELLER, 2Lt. William B.
Co. C, 13th North Carolina Infantry
b. 4 Jan 1840; res. Yancyville or Yanceyville, North Carolina; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
Cherry, 2Lt. William C.
Co. D, 4th Georgia Infantry
res. West Point, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864.
Chew, 2Lt. William Henry
Co. A, 7th Georgia Cavalry
res. Augusta, Georgia; captured at Trevillian Station, Virginia, on 11 Jun 1864; attempted to escape from Fort Pulaski prison on 28 Feb 1865, was betrayed by R. C. Gillespie, and recaptured; was put in a dark cell in wet clothes without fire for five days.
CHILD/CHILDS, 1Lt. Jesse
Co. A, 42nd Virginia Infantry
res. Richmond or Warrenton, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
CHILDS/CHILD, 1Lt. James H.
Co. H, 4th Virginia Cavalry
b. 15 Apr 1833; res. Warrenton or Richmond, Virginia; captured at Markham Station, Virginia, on 6 Jan 1864; went blind from the bad treatment.
Childs, 1Lt. Robert
Co. G, 4th Georgia Infantry
b. 16 Jan 1840; res. Clinton, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864.
Chinn, 2Lt. Addison B.
Co. A, 8th Kentucky Cavalry
res. Lexington, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, or Buffington Island, Ohio, on 19 Jul 1863.
CHISHOLM/CHISOLM/CHISON, 2Lt. Charles A.
Co. E, 10th Louisiana Infantry
b. 9 Mar 1837; res. Atachalalago or Red River, Louisiana; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
CHISHOLM/CHISOLM, Capt. John N.
Co. I, 9th Alabama Infantry
b. 1835; res. Florence, Alabama; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 Jul 1863; d. 16 Mar 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of chronic diarrhea.
CHITWOOD/CHETWOOD, Capt. Lewis Stanley
Co. A, 5th Alabama Infantry
b. 7 May 1842; res. Clayton, Alabama; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 22 Mar 1918.
CHRISTIAN, LtCol. Charles Burks
Co. S, 49th Virginia Infantry
b. 15 Feb 1834; res. Allen’s creek, Amherst County, Virginia; captured at Cold Harbor or Bethesda Church, Virginia, on 30 May 1864.
CHRISTIAN, Capt. Jones Rivers
Co. F, 3rd Virginia Cavalry
b. 1835; res. New Kent Court House or North Kent County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 8 May 1864 or 12 May 1864.
Clifton/Clinton, 1Lt. Henry James
Co. K, 21st South Carolina Infantry
b. 1835; res. Timminsville or Timmonsville, South Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 11 Jun 1864 or 18 Jun 1864.
COALTER/COLTER/COULTER/CALTER/COUTTER/CRALTER, 1Lt. Henry Tucker
Co. S, 53rd Virginia Infantry
res. King William Court House or King William County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; Adjutant; exchanged at Fort Pulaski in December, 1864.
COBB, 1Lt. James Edward
Co. F, 5th Texas Infantry
b. 5 Oct 1835; res. Liberty, Texas; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 2 Jul 1863; after the war was a member of the U.S. Congress.
Coble/Cooke/Cobb, 2Lt. George Seymour Puryear
Co. G, 44th North Carolina Infantry
res. Graham, North Carolina; captured at Hanover Junction, Virginia, in 1864 or at South Anna Bridge, Virginia, on 26 Jun 1863.
Cockerham/Cockerman/Cockenham/Cochran, Capt. David S.
Co. H, 54th North Carolina Infantry
b. 5 Jan 1824; res. Clinton or Jonesville, North Carolina; captured at Rappahannock Station, Virginia, on 7 Nov 1863; exchanged in December, 1864.
COFFEE, Capt. Holland T.
Co. A, 48th Mississippi Infantry
res. New Orleans, Louisiana or New Orleans, Mississippi; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Coffey/Coffee, 2Lt. Hiram Van
Co. I, 27th Texas Cavalry
res. Dangerfield or Daingerfield, Texas; captured at Franklin, Tennessee, on 27 Apr 1863.
COFFIELD/COFFIED/CAUFIELD, 3Lt. Joseph Bryant
Co. H, 1st North Carolina Infantry
b. 2 Feb 1837; res. Tarboro, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Coffman, 2Lt. Daniel M.
Co. A, 38th Arkansas Infantry
res. Smithville, Arkansas; captured at Ripley County, Missouri, on 25 Dec 1863.
COGGIN/COGGINS, 3Lt. Gene
Co. C, 23rd North Carolina Infantry
b. 16 Dec 1837; res. Montgomery or Troy or Froy, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 1 Jul 1863; d. 14 Mar 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of chronic diarrhea.
COLE, Capt. Alexander Troy
Co. D, 23rd North Carolina Infantry
res. Rockingham, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Coles, 1Lt. Isaac
Co. E, 6th Virginia Cavalry
b. 8 Apr 1834; res. Peytonsburg or Pittsylvania County, Virginia; captured at Brandy Station, Virginia, on 9 Jun 1863.
Collier/Collin/Collins, 1Lt. William A.
Co. K, 7th Texas Infantry
res. Cofferville or Coffeesville or Coffeeville, Texas; captured at Raymond, Mississippi, on 12 May 1863.
COLLINS, 2Lt. James B.
Co. A, 5th Florida Infantry
res. Monticello, Florida; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864; chronic Diarrhea; not under fire.
CONNALLY/CONNELLY/CONNELEY/CONLEY/CONNOLLY, Capt. James Henry
Co. E, 44th Georgia Infantry
b. 26 Nov 1836; res. Griffin or Griffith County, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864; d. 17 Mar 1897.
Cook, 2Lt. Henry Howe
Co. I, 44th Tennessee Infantry (Consolid.)
b. 23 Nov 1843; res. Franklin, Tennessee; occ. attorney; captured at Drury’s Bluff, Virginia, on 16 May 1864.
COOKE/COOK, 2Lt. Alexander Benton
Co. G, 23rd Virginia Infantry
res. Louisa, Washington County or Louisa County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
COON/COLE, 1Lt. David A.
Co. I, 11th North Carolina Infantry
b. 9 Apr 1834; res. Lincolnton or Lincolntown, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
CORBETT/CORBELL/CORBET/CORBITT, 1Lt. George Washington
Co. E, 18th North Carolina Infantry
b. 26 Mar 1837; res. Currituck or Caintuck, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Cottingham/Collingham, 2Lt. James R.
Co. I, 3rd Louisiana Infantry
res. Columbia, Louisiana; captured at Haynes Bluff, Mississippi, on 30 Apr 1863.
Coulter, Capt. David Burton
Co. G, 12th Arkansas Infantry
res. Ashdown or Center, Arkansas; occ. planter; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
Councill/Council, LtCol. James Calvin
Co. S, 26th Virginia Infantry
b. 10 Dec 1825; res. St. Steven’s Church or St. Stevens, Virginia; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 15 Jun 1864.
Covington, 2Lt. Cameron D.
Co. B, 45th Tennessee Infantry
res. Lebanon, Tennessee; captured at Lebanon, Tennessee, on 6 Feb 1863; took the oath of allegiance at Hilton Head in 1865.
Covington, Capt. William Wall
Co. G, 23rd South Carolina Infantry
b. 10 May 1833; res. Bennetsville or Bennettsville, South Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864 or 18 Jun 1864; d. 2 Jun 1886.
COWAN/COWEN, Capt. John
Co. D, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
b. 9 Sep 1842; res. Washington or Wilmington, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Cowan, 2Lt. Samuel N.
Co. H, 6th Kentucky Cavalry
b. 1 Dec 1841; res. Summerset or Somerset, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863; d. 26 Oct 1924.
COWPER/COOPER/CAPPER/COBBER, 2Lt. John C. C.
Co. E, 33rd North Carolina Infantry
res. Suffolk, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; d. 7 Oct 1864 at Morris Island, South Carolina, of pneumonia.
Cracraft, Capt. George Knox
Co. G, 23rd Arkansas Infantry
b. 8 Jun 1832; res. Readland or Lake Village, Arkansas; occ. attorney and planter; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; d. 19 Nov 1906.
Craft/Croft, Capt. William Henry
Co. A, 15th Tennessee Infantry
b. 19 Apr 1828; res. Marshville or Nashville, Tennessee; captured at Knoxville, Tennessee, on 29 Dec 1863 or in 1864; took the oath of allegiance at Hilton Head or Morris Island in 1865.
CRAPON/CRAPEN/CRAPIN/CRATEN, 2Lt. George M.
Co. F, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
b. 19 Mar 1840; res. Smithville, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
CRAWFORD/CRAWFURD, 2Lt. Thomas Dalzell
Co. B, 26th Georgia Infantry
res. Washington, North Carolina; captured at Washington or Newbeme, North Carolina, on 27 Mar 1864.
CRISP, 2Lt. Charles Frederick
Co. K, 10th Virginia Infantry
b. 29 Jan 1845 at Sheffield, England; res. Luray, Virginia; occ. Speaker, U.S. Congress; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; after the war was the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives; d. at Atlanta, Georgia.
CRITCHER/COUTCHER/CRITCHIE/CRUTCHER, Capt. Andrew Jackson
Co. B, 37th North Carolina Infantry
b. Sep 1834; res. Watauga, North Carolina; captured at Spottsylvania Court House or Jericho Mills, Virginia, on 24 May 1864; chronic diarrhea; not under fire.
CROCKER, Capt. Jules O. B.
Co. I, 9th Virginia Infantry
b. 16 Oct 1825; res. Norfolk, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
Crow, 1Lt. William Porter
Co. B, 6th Kentucky Cavalry
b. 29 Feb 1840; res. Marshall or Lincoln County or Stanford, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863; d. 12 Nov 1865 at at home.
DALTON, 1Lt. Peter Washington
Co. H, 42nd Virginia Infantry
res. Martinsville, Henry County or Patrick County or Taylorsville, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
DARDEN/DARVEN, 1Lt. Joseph Hardy
Co. A, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
b. 25 Sep 1841; res. Falling Creek, North Carolina, R.F.D. or Snow Hill, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Darracott/Darricott/Darricut, 1Lt. Charles R.
Sturdivant’s (Virginia) Artillery
res. Hanover County, Virginia or Richmond, Virginia; captured at Hanover Court House, Virginia, on 19 May 1864; wounded left arm; not under fire; Sent from Hilton Head to Beaufort, South Carolina.
Daugherty/Dougherty, LtCol. Ferdinand H.
Co. S, 13th Tennessee Cavalry (Dibrell’s)
b. 15 Oct 1823; res. Marshville or Lovington or Livingston, Tennessee; captured at Livingston, Tennessee, in 1863 or on 8 Feb 1864.
DAVIES/DAVIS, 2Lt. John Franklin
Co. I, 14th Georgia Infantry
b. circa 1825; res. Amherst Court House, Virginia or Amherst County, Georgia; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
Davis, 2Lt. John W.
Co. E, 20th Virginia Cavalry
res. Clarksburg, Virginia; captured at Frederick, Maryland, on 10 Jul 1864; took the oath of allegiance at Hilton Head in 1865 prompting punishment by six other officers who were then themselves punished with imprisonment among criminals for seven days and nights.
Davis, 2Lt. Joseph B.
Co. H, 7th CS Cavalry (Claiborne’s)
res. Wilson or Morgantown, North Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 7 May 1864.
Davis, 2Lt. Seligman M.
Co. A, 4th Florida Infantry
res. Quincy or Clayton, Florida; captured at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, on 23 Nov 1863.
DAWSON, 2Lt. William A.
Co. C, 27th Virginia Infantry
res. Callands or Callards or Collaws, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
DAY, Capt. William H.
Co. K, 1st North Carolina Infantry
res. Halifax, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
DeGournay/DeGurney, LtCol. Paul Francois
Co. S, 12th Louisiana Hvy Artillery
res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
DELOACH/DELVACH/DE LOACH/DELOATCH, 1Lt. Joseph D.
Co. H, 61st Georgia Infantry
res. Tattnall County or Tatnal, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
DeLoach/Delvach, 1Lt. William Henderson
Co. B, 7th Georgia Cavalry
b. 1828; res. Bryan, Georgia; captured at Louisa Court House or Trevillian Station, Virginia, on 11 Jun 1864.
DEPRIEST/DEPREST, Capt. Emmett E.
Co. H, 23rd Virginia Infantry
b. May 1842; res. Richmond, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; escaped.
DEADWYLER/DEADWILER/DEDWYLER, Capt. Henry Robinson
Co. H, 38th Georgia Infantry
b. 12 Nov 1838; res. Elberton or Elbert, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
DENT, 1Lt. Simon Magruder
Co. B, 5th Virginia Cavalry
b. 1841; res. Alexandria, Virginia; captured at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, on 11 May 1864.
Dewar/Demar/Demon, Capt. William Ambrose
Co. I, 31st North Carolina Infantry
b. 4 May 1830; res. Yadkin or Chalk, North Carolina; captured at Gaines’ Farm or Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 1 Jun 1864.
DICKINSON/DICKENSON, Capt. Henry Clay
Co. A, 2nd Virginia Cavalry
b. 21 Feb 1830; res. Liberty, Virginia; captured at Chickahominy or Meadow Br, Hanover County, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Diggs/Digges, Capt. Eugene
Co. B, 2nd Maryland Cavalry Battalion
res. Baltimore, Maryland or Port Tobacco, Maryland; captured at Martinsburg, (West) Virginia, on 15 Oct 1863.
Dillard/Dilliard/Dillaird, 2Lt. Robert Y.
Co. H, 16th Arkansas Infantry
res. Nashville, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; d. circa 11 Mar 1865 at At sea. on board steamer Illinois.
Dixon/Dyson, Capt. Hugh M.
Co. H, 35th North Carolina Infantry
res. Moose County or Moore County, North Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
DOBSON/DODSON, 2Lt. William B.
Co. C, 5th Virginia Cavalry
res. Danville, Virginia; captured at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, on 11 May 1864; d. 1 Jun 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of fever.
DOBYNS/DOBBINS/DOYBINS, Capt. Abner
Co. B, 42nd Virginia Infantry
b. 18 Feb 1840; res. Jacksonville, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 12 Apr 1877.
DOLES/DALES, 3Lt. William Franklin
Co. H, 32nd North Carolina Infantry
res. Wilmington or Nash County or Wilson, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864.
DONAGHE/DONAGHEE/DONAHEE/DONNAHUE, 2Lt. John A.
Co. C, 10th Virginia Infantry
res. Panassus or Purnassus or Parnassus, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
DORSEY/DASSEY, 2Lt. Elisha Wesley
Co. B, 11th North Carolina Infantry
res. Whitesville, North Carolina; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 5 Jul 1863; lost left leg; not under fire.
Douglass/Douglas, 1Lt. Merry A.
Co. H, 44th Tennessee Infantry (Consolid.)
res. Gallenton or Gallatin, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864; took the oath of allegiance at Hilton Head in 1865.
DOYLE/DOYAL, 1Lt. Little B.
Co. G, 5th Virginia Infantry
res. Lexington, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; took the oath of allegiance at Fort Pulaski in 1865.
DOYLE, 1Lt. Thomas S.
Co. C, 33rd Virginia Infantry
b. 1842; res. Staunton, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 7 Oct 1918.
Drake, 1Lt. Benjamin S.
Co. M, 2nd Kentucky Cavalry (Duke’s)
res. Lexington, Kentucky; captured at Buffington Island, Ohio, on 19 Jul 1863.
DUFF, 2Lt. Michael H.
Co. F, 37th Virginia Infantry
res. Lodi, Washington County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
DUFF, Capt. William P.
Co. G, 50th Virginia Infantry
res. Jonesville, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
DULEY/DULY/DUDLEY/DOOLEY/DALY/DUELY, 1Lt. Edmund Gilmore
Co. A, 1st Maryland Cavalry
res. Montgomery County, Maryland; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 or 5 Jul 1863.
DUMAS/DUMUS, Capt. William Jefferson
Co. K, 53rd Georgia Infantry
b. Jan 1838; res. Forsythe, Georgia; captured at Knoxville, Tennessee, on 29 Nov 1863; d. 21 Jul 1908.
DUNKLE, Capt. John Joseph
Co. K, 25th Virginia Infantry
res. Franklin, West Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Dunlap, 1Lt. Hugh Pendleton
Co. B, 10th Kentucky Cavalry (Johnson’s)
res. Parris, Pennsylvania or Paris, Tennessee or Paris, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863; attempted to escape from Fort Pulaski prison on 28 Feb 1865, was betrayed by R. C. Gillespie and recaptured; was put in a dark cell in wet clothes without fire for five days.
Dunlap, Capt. James
Co. H, 26th Virginia Infantry Battalion
res. Union, Virginia; captured at Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 3 Jun 1864.
Dunlap, 1Lt. William Thornwell
Co. F, 2nd Kentucky Cavalry (Duke’s)
b. 1843; res. Marshall, Kentucky or Holly Springs, Mississippi; captured at Cheshire, Ohio or Farmer’s Run, Ohio, on 22 Jul 1863.
Duralde, 2Lt. Alex V.
Co. C, 9th Louisiana Infantry
b. Nov 1844; res. Baton Rouge, Louisiana; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; d. 21 Dec 1893.
DURHAM/DENHAM, 1Lt. Napoleon Bonaparte
Co. C, 44th Georgia Infantry
b. 31 Jan 1837; res. Clarke County, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864; d. 9 Sep 1899.
Duval/Duvall, 1Lt. Thomas Jefferson
Co. F, 32nd Texas Cavalry
res. Anderson, Texas; captured at Deer Creek, Mississippi, on 14 Jan 1864.
Eakins, 1Lt. Felix G.
Co. G, 10th Kentucky Cavalry (Johnson’s)
res. Hendcos County or Hudson County or Henderson, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
Earl/Erie/Earle, 1Lt. Paul H.
Co. G, 28th Alabama Infantry
res. Elyton or Huntsville, Alabama or Jefferson, Alabama; captured at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, on 23 Nov 1863.
Earp/Arp/Easp, 1Lt. Harris E.
Co. C, 24th North Carolina Infantry
res. Smithville, North Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864; d. 21 Mar 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of scurvy.
Easley, 2Lt. William B. W.
Co. G, 48th Tennessee Infantry (Voorhie’s)
res. Vernon, Tennessee; captured at Hickman County, Tennessee, on 23 Jan 1864.
Easterling/Easterday, 1Lt. Thomas W.
Co. G, 5th South Carolina Cavalry (Ferguson’s)
b. 24 Nov 1820; res. Charleston, South Carolina; captured at Trevillian Station, Virginia, on 12 May 1864 or 12 Jun 1864.
EASTHAM, 1Lt. Chapman Byrd
Co. G, 10th Virginia Infantry
res. Harrisonburg, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 6 Mar 1865 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic diarrhea.
Eastin/Castine, Capt. Thomas E.
Co. C, 8th Kentucky Cavalry
b. 1825; res. Lexington, Kentucky; captured at Buffington Island, Ohio, on 19 Jun 1863.
EDGAR, Capt. Alfred Malory
Co. E, 27th Virginia Infantry
b. 10 Jul 1837; res. Academy, West Virginia or Lewisburg, West Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
EDMONDSON/EDMUNDS/EDMONSON/EDMONDSTON/EDMONTON/EDMUNDSON, Capt. Joseph A.
Co. G, 44th Georgia Infantry
res. Fayetteville, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864.
Edwards, 1Lt. Alexander Washington
Co. C, 15th Virginia Cavalry
res. Princess Anne County, Virginia; captured near Richmond or at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, on 11 May 1864; d. circa 11 Mar 1865 at At sea. on board steamer Illinois.
Edwards, 1Lt. Bolivar
Co. E, Miles’ (LA) Legion
res. Covington, Louisiana; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
ELAM, Capt. Robert Samuel
Co. E, 22nd Virginia Inf Bn
b. 19 Oct 1831; res. Lynchburg, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; lost left Leg; not under fire.
ELKINS, 2Lt. John Quincy
Co. H, 18th North Carolina Infantry
res. Whitsonville or Whitesville, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Elliott, 2Lt. Galen R.
Co. I, 8th Tennessee Cavalry (B.Smith’s)
res. Albany, Kentucky or Alleghany, Tennessee; captured at White County or at Sparta, Tennessee, on 8 Jan 1864.
ELLIOTT, Capt. John
Co. G, 2nd Louisiana Infantry
res. Carrol Parish or Floyd, Louisiana; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
ELLISON/ELLERSON, Capt. George H.
Co. E, 3rd Alabama Infantry
res. Mobile, Alabama; captured at Fredericksburg or Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; ship Crescent City; escaped.
Elzey/Elzy, 2Lt. Andrew Jackson
Co. H, 17th Tennessee Infantry
res. Columbia, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864; died in captivity.
Emanuel, Maj. William Pledger
Co. S, 4th South Carolina Cavalry
res. Charleston, South Carolina; captured at Louisa Court House, Virginia, on 11 Jun 1864.
EMBREY/EMBRY/EMBREE/EMONY, 2Lt. Norman Delaware
Co. I, 11th Virginia Infantry
res. Pineville or Peneville, Virginia; captured at Milford Station, Virginia, on 21 May 1864.
Enos, 2Lt. William L.
Co. A, 26th Virginia Infantry
res. Wood’s Cross Roads, Gloucester County or Wood County, Virginia; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 15 Jun 1864.
Epps, 2Lt. William
Co. D, 4th South Carolina Cavalry
b. 1843 at Mount Olive, North Carolina; res. Kingtree or Kingstree or King Tree, South Carolina; occ. farmer; captured at Trevillian Station, Virginia, on 11 Jun 1864; d. 12 Nov 1934.
Evans, 2Lt. William C. D.
Co. E, 17th Arkansas Infantry (Griffith’s)
res. Washington, Arkansas; captured at Natchez, Mississippi, on 22 Dec 1863.
Ewing/Erwin, 2Lt. Zeke
Co. H, 17th Tennessee Infantry
b. 1843; res. Lewisburg, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864; d. 9 Aug 1909.
Ezell, Capt. Cullen Rogers
Co. G, 4th Georgia Infantry
b. 19 Feb 1839; res. Willard, Georgia or Jasper County, Georgia; occ. planter; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864.
Fannin, Capt. James Werter
Co. A, 61st Alabama Infantry
res. Tuskegee, Alabama; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
FARRAR/FARROW/FARRA/FARREN/FARRER, 2Lt. Absalom H.
Co. C, 13th Mississippi Infantry
b. 1837; res. Grenada, Mississippi; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; received a compound fracture of the right foot; not under fire; d. 1 Feb 1865 at hospital, Augusta, Georgia.
Fennell/Fernell, 3Lt. Nicholas E.
Co. G, 61st North Carolina Infantry
res. Wilmington or Linsville or Leesville, North Carolina; captured at Bermuda Hundred, Virginia, on 16 Jun 1864.
Ferring/Fernney/Ferrin, Capt. William A.
Co. C, 3rd CS Infantry
res. Little Rock, Arkansas; captured at Mississippi County, Arkansas, on 18 Sep 1863; wounded left thigh; not under fire.
FICKEISSEN/FICKERSON/FICKISEN/FEICKERSON, 1Lt. Jacob
Co. K, 14th Louisiana Infantry
res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at North Anna, Virginia, on 23 May 1864.
FINKS, Capt. Alexander Newton
Co. L, 10th Virginia Infantry
b. 23 Aug 1835; res. Madison Courthouse or Madison County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
FINKS, 2Lt. Simon H.
Co. L, 10th Virginia Infantry
b. 24 Jul 1832; res. Madison Court House or Madison County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Finley/Fenley, Capt. Gaston
Co. K, 1st Florida Cavalry
b. 1841; res. Marion or Marianna, Florida; captured at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, on 23 Nov 1863.
FINLEY/FINLY/FINDLAY/FINDLEY, 1Lt. George Williamson
Co. K, 56th Virginia Infantry
b. 1 Dec 1838; res. Clarksville, West Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
FITZGERALD, 1Lt. George B.
Co. A, 12th Virginia Cavalry
res. Norfolk, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 8 Jul 1863 or at Turin, Virginia, on 20 Aug 1863 or Blackwater, Virginia, on 29 June 1863; disease of the mind; not under fire; sent from Hilton Head to Beaufort, South Carolina; d. 13 Nov 1864 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic diarrhea; the surgeon on the 157th NY Vols at Fort Pulaski wrote, “The Rank and Regt. of Fitzgerald is in doubt being unknown by his associate prisoners and he demented by the habitual use of opium, has reported himself, at times, as 1st Lieut. Co A, 12th Va. Cav. at others as Capt. Co. E, 15th Va. Cav. and has been so recorded in some of the Reports. The Rank given in this report (1st Lt) seems the more probable.”.
Fitzhugh, Capt. Claggett Dorsey
Co. K, 1st Virginia Cavalry
res. Hagerstown, Maryland; captured at Antietam, Maryland or Hagerstown, Maryland, on 12 Sep 1862; he was captured going south and may not have been a member of the C.S. Army.
FITZPATRICK, 1Lt. John B.
Co. H, 14th Louisiana Infantry
res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
Fleming/Flemming, 1Lt. Henry Clay
Co. K, 25th Tennessee Infantry
b. 15 Jul 1842; res. Spencer, Tennessee; captured at Drury’s Bluff, Virginia, on 16 May 1864; d. 29 Sep 1930.
FLETCHER, 2Lt. Richard M.
Co. F, 2nd Louisiana Infantry
res. Osceola, Arkansas or Vernon, Louisiana; occ. merchant; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Floyd, 3Lt. Francis Fulton
Co. E, 51st North Carolina Infantry
b. 4 Jun 1832; res. Leesville or Wilmington or Whitesville, North Carolina; captured at Bermuda Hundred, Virginia, on 16 Jun 1864; d. 13 Feb 1897.
Folk/Foulk, Col. George Nathaniel
Co. S, 6th North Carolina Cavalry
b. 8 Feb 1831; res. Morgantown, North Carolina; captured at Kinston, North Carolina, on 22 Jun 1864; exchanged at Hilton Head in December, 1864.
FOLY/FOLEY, 2Lt. Timothy
Co. C, 19th Mississippi Infantry
res. Vicksburg, Mississippi; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; took the oath of allegiance at Hilton Head in 1864 or 1865.
Fontaine/Fonntaine, Maj. Lamar
Co. S, 4th Alabama Cavalry (Roddey’s)
b. 10 Oct 1829; res. Austin, Mississippi; occ. surveyor and engineer; captured at Lexington, Alabama or at Ringgold, Georgia, on 27 Nov 1863; wounded in thigh and knee; not under fire.
Ford, 1Lt. James William Andrew
Co. G, 20th Virginia Cavalry
res. Lewisburg, Virginia; captured near Washington, DC, on 14 Jul 1864.
Ford, 2Lt. William Berry
Co. D, 8th Kentucky Cavalry
b. 1845; res. Winchester, Kentucky; captured at Buffington Island, Ohio, on 19 Jul 1863.
Fort/Ford, 2Lt. Gordon K.
Co. G, 7th Georgia Cavalry
res. Wayne County, Georgia; captured at Trevillian Station, Virginia, on 11 Jun 1864.
Foster, 2Lt. Anthony C.
Co. B, 4th Alabama Cavalry Battalion
res. Florence, Alabama; captured at Lauderdale or Florence, Alabama, on 30 Nov 1863; exchanged at Hilton Head.
FOUSSE/POUSSE/FANSA/FOUSSIE/FAUSSEL/FOUSE, 2Lt. Frederick F.
Co. C, 25th Virginia Infantry
res. Weston, West Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
FOWLER, Capt. Hardiman D.
Co. I, 1st North Carolina Infantry
res. Rolisville or Rallsville or Ballsville, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Fox, 1Lt. Isham Allen
Co. B, 11th Kentucky Cavalry
b. 22 Jun 1839; res. Richmond, Kentucky; captured at Buffington Island, Ohio, on 19 Jul 1863.
FRAETAS/FRACTAS/FRATES/FRACTUS/FRAEBAS/FRASTAS/FRATUS/FRETAS/FRIETAS, 2Lt. Canazio
Co. E, 3rd Virginia Infantry
res. Petersburg, Virginia; captured at Howlett’s Farm, Virginia, on 18 Jun 1864.
FRASIER/FRAZIER, 2Lt. John Walker
Co. H, 1st Virginia Cavalry
res. Loudoun County, Virginia; captured at Rapidan or Racoon Ford, Virginia, on 11 Oct 1863.
FRAYSER/FRASER, Capt. Richard Edgar
CSA Signal Corps
b. circa 1830; res. New Kent Court House or North Kent County, Virginia; captured at Caroline County, Virginia, on 20 May 1864; exchanged at Hilton Head on 14 Dec 1864.
FRINK/FINK, 1Lt. John O’Neille
Co. H, 18th North Carolina Infantry
b. 1843; res. Cerogoda or Carrs, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 13 Apr 1926.
FRIZELL/FRIZZELL/FRIZZLE, 1Lt. William Henry
Co. I, 12th Mississippi Infantry
res. Duran’s station or Holmes County or Holmes, Mississippi; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
FRY/FREY, 1Lt. Henry
Co. C, 37th Virginia Infantry
res. Wheeling, West Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
FULCHER/FLECHER, 2Lt. James T.
Co. H, 37th Virginia Infantry
b. 1843; res. Abingdon or Glade, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Fulkerson/Faulkerson, Col. Abram
Co. S, 63rd Tennessee Infantry
b. 1834; res. Roysville or Rodgersville or Rogersville, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864; d. 17 Dec 1902.
FUNK/FRINK, 1Lt. Jefferson William Obet
Co. A, 5th Virginia Infantry
b. 30 Jun 1841; res. Winchester, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 26 May 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of chronic diarrhea.
Gallman, 2Lt. John Jefferson
Co. H, 5th South Carolina Infantry
b. 6 Feb 1845; res. Unionsville or Unionville, South Carolina; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 5 May 1864 or 6 May 1864.
Galloway/Galoway, 2Lt. Moses P.
Co. G, 23rd South Carolina Infantry
b. 1 Jun 1834; res. Marlsboro District or Marlboro, South Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
GAMBLE/GRUBB/GAMBAL, 1Lt. John F.
Co. D, 14th North Carolina Infantry
res. Shelly or Shelby County, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
GANAWAY/GANOWAY/GANNEWAY/GANNAWAY/GANNOWAY, 2Lt. Jonathan T.
Co. E, 50th Virginia Infantry
res. Chatham Hill or Chatham, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 10 Mar 1865 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic dysentery.
GARRETT/GARNETT/GORRETT, 1Lt. Daniel Wesley
Co. E, 11th Georgia Infantry
b. 30 Apr 1838; res. Morgan or Morgan County, Georgia; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
GARRETT/GARRET/GANETT/GORRETT, 1Lt. David Warren
Co. C, 42nd Virginia Infantry
b. 16 Jan 1838; res. Bedford City, Virginia or Morgantown, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
GARY/CARVEY/GAREY/GEARY, 2Lt. Samuel W.
Co. A, 3rd Virginia Infantry
res. Norfolk, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
Gash, 2Lt. Harvey Y.
Co. D, 6th North Carolina Cavalry
b. 25 Dec 1835; res. Hendersonville or Morgantown, North Carolina; captured at Jackson Mills in 1864 or at Kinston, North Carolina, on 22 Jun 1864.
George, 2Lt. William Worth
Co. H, 26th Virginia Infantry Battalion
b. 7 Nov 1839; res. Princeton, Virginia; captured at Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 3 Jun 1864; attempted to escape from Fort Pulaski prison on 28 Feb 1865, was betrayed by R. C. Gillespie and recaptured; was put in a dark cell in wet clothes without fire for five days.
Gibson, Capt. Allen Churchill
Co. B, 4th Georgia Infantry
b. 7 Jul 1836; res. Lagrange, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864.
GIBSON, Capt. Bruce
Co. A, 6th Virginia Cavalry
b. 30 Aug 1830; res. Upperville, Virginia; captured at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, on 11 May 1864.
GILBERT, 1Lt. Jacob H.
Co. E, 57th North Carolina Infantry
res. Newton, North Carolina; captured near Williamsport, Maryland, on 6 Jul 1863; chronic Diarrhea; not under fire.
GILKESON/GILKERSON/GILVERSON, 1Lt. John William
Co. D, 25th Virginia Infantry
b. 2 Mar 1840; res. Mint Springs or Mint Spring, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Gillespie/Gillispie, Capt. Rufus Calvin
Co. G, 45th Virginia Infantry
b. 1835; res. Fort Worth, Texas; captured in southwest Virginia on 25 Oct 1863; betrayed other prisoners in prison break; took the oath of allegiance at Ft. Pulaski in 1865; d. 8 Sep 1912.
GILLOCK/GILCOCKS/GELLOCK, 1Lt. James William
Co. H, 27th Virginia Infantry
b. 15 Aug 1843; res. Lexington, Virginia; captured at South Mountain Pass, Pennsylvania, on 5-6 Jul 1863.
GILMER/GILMORE/GILLMAN/GILMAN, 2Lt. William Smith
Co. C, 37th Virginia Infantry
res. Lebanon, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
GLENN/GLEAN, 2Lt. Robert A.
Co. I, 22nd North Carolina Infantry
b. 12 Aug 1843; res. New Salem, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House or Hanover Junction, Virginia, on 23 May 1864; chronic diarrhea; not under fire; took the oath of allegiance at Morris Island Hospital in 1865.
GOBBLE/GOBLE, Capt. Thomas M.
Co. I, 48th Virginia Infantry
res. Abingdon, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
GOLDSBOROUGH/GOLDSBORO, Maj. William Worthington
Co. S, 2nd Maryland Infantry
b. circa 1834; res. Baltimore, Maryland; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 4 Jul 1863.
Good/Gordon, 2Lt. William C.
Co. H, 6th North Carolina Cavalry
res. Morganton or Morgantown, North Carolina; captured at Jackson Mills in 1864 or at Kinston, North Carolina, on 22 Jun 1864.
Goodloe, 1Lt. Thomas J.
Co. K, 44th Tennessee Infantry (Consolid.)
res. Winchester, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864; d. 27 Feb 1865 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic diarrhea.
GOODWIN, 3Lt. David W. (Jr. )
Co. K, 44th Georgia Infantry
b. 15 Feb 1838; res. Greensboro, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864.
Gordon, 2Lt. David Erwin
Co. I, 4th South Carolina Cavalry
b. 2 Oct 1831 at Williamsburg County, South Carolina; res. Kingtree or King District or King Tree, South Carolina; captured at Trevillian Station, Virginia, on 11 Jun 1864.
GORHAM, Capt. Willis Jackson
Co. K, 35th Georgia Infantry
b. 5 Feb 1835 at Jefferson County, Georgia; res. Hamilton or Hamilton County, Georgia; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 5 May 1864; d. at Griffin, Georgia.
GORMAN/GARMAN, Capt. John Calvin
Co. B, 2nd North Carolina Infantry
res. Wilson, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; bilious fever; not under fire.
Gowan, 3Lt. Benjamin A.
Co. G, 51st North Carolina Infantry
res. Whitesville, North Carolina; captured at Bermuda Hundred, Virginia, on 16 Jun 1864; d. 22 Mar 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of acute dysentery.
GRACE, 1Lt. Christopher C.
Co. I, 12th Georgia Infantry
b. 1836; res. Screven, Georgia or Perryville, Georgia; occ. planter; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864; d. 6 Aug 1918.
GRANT, 2Lt. Benjamin L.
Co. F, 42nd Mississippi Infantry
res. Pontatack or Pontotoc or Penatush, Mississippi; captured at Falling Waters, Maryland, on 14 Jul 1863.
GRAVELY/GRAVELEY/GRADELY/GRAVERLY, 2Lt. Thomas Marshall
Co. F, 42nd Virginia Infantry
res. Henry County or Martinsville, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
GRAVES, 2Lt. Frank Newcomb
Co. F, 61st Georgia Infantry
b. 31 Aug 1837; res. Lumpkin, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
GRAYSON/GRASON, Capt. David Coffman
Co. K, 10th Virginia Infantry
b. 29 May 1838; res. Washington, D. C. or Luray, Virginia; occ. lumber business; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
GREEN, 2Lt. Augustus M.
Co. E, 12th Georgia Infantry
res. Youngsboro, North Carolina or Youngsboro, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864.
GREEN, 2Lt. Lucius
Co. K, 5th Virginia Cavalry
b. 19 Jan 1826 at Granville County, North Carolina; res. Petersburg, Virginia; captured near Richmond, Virginia, on 12 May 1864 or at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, on 11 May 1864; d. at Petersburg, Virginia.
Greer/Geer, 1Lt. James Lafayette
Co. D, 4th Georgia Infantry
res. McKinney, Texas or West Point, Georgia; occ. planter; captured at Wilderness or Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864; wound right arm and side; not under fire.
Greer/Green, Capt. John W.
Co. B, 23rd Arkansas Infantry
res. Helena, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; lost arm; not under fire.
GREEVER/GREWER/GREVER/GREENER/GREAVER/GREEBER/GREIVES/GRIEBER/GRIEVER, 1Lt. John Dudley
Co. C, 50th Virginia Infantry
res. Tazewell County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Griffin, Capt. Wiley Hunter
Baltimore (Maryland) Lt Artillery
res. Baltimore, Maryland; occ. merchant; captured at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, on 11 May 1864 or 27 May 1864; attempted to escape from Fort Pulaski prison on 28 Feb 1865, was betrayed by R. C. Gillespie and recaptured; was put in a dark cell in wet clothes without fire for five days.
GROOME/GROOM, 2Lt. James W.
Co. D, 23rd Virginia Infantry
res. Louisa, Washington County or Louisa County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
GURGANUS/GURGANS/GURGAUM/GARGANUS, 2Lt. Andrew J.
Co. E, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
res. Jacksonville or Onslow, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
GURR/GUNN/GURN, 2Lt. Thomas Jefferson
Co. B, 51st Georgia Infantry
b. 27 Jan 1838; res. Houston, Georgia; captured at Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 1 Jun 1864.
GUTHRIE/GUTHREY, Capt. William Lillious
Co. I, 23rd Virginia Infantry
b. 1840; res. Prince Edward County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 22 Mar 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of scurvy.
GUYTHER/GEYTHER/GUNTHER/GUTHER, 1Lt. John M.
Co. H, 1st North Carolina Infantry
res. Tarboro or Plymouth, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
HALL, 1Lt. Calvin Dudley
Co. G, 48th Virginia Infantry
b. 19 Jan 1844; res. Lee, Page County or Lee County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Hall, Capt. Edward J.
1st Louisiana Cavalry
res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at Port Hudson or Natchez, Mississippi, on 10 Dec 1863; exchanged.
Hall, 2Lt. Reuben N.
Co. B, 4th Florida Infantry
res. Appaalachicola or Appalachicola or Apalachia, Florida; captured at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, on 23 Nov 1863.
HALLFORD, 2Lt. Jesse Gordon
Co. E, 8th South Carolina Infantry
res. Timmonsville or Timminsville or Tim. Dio., South Carolina; captured at Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 30 May 1864 or 20 May 1864.
Halliburton/Halberton/Haliburton, 1Lt. William
Co. B, Freeman’s (Missouri) Cavalry
res. Dent, Missouri or Savannah, Georgia; captured at Laurence County, Arkansas, on 7 Oct 1863; took the oath of allegiance at Fort Pulaski Hospital in 1865.
Hammack/Hamock, Capt. Thornton Mobley
Co. D, 10th Kentucky Cavalry (Johnson’s)
res. Morganfield or Morganford, Kentucky; captured at Rutland, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
Hancock, 1Lt. William A.
Co. F, 8th Arkansas Infantry
b. 13 Apr 1838; res. Marion, Arkansas; captured at Arkadelphia, Arkansas, on 30 Oct 1863; d. 21 Jun 1908.
HANDERSON/HENDERSON, Capt. Henry Ebenezer
Co. B, 9th Louisiana Infantry
b. 21 Mar 1837; res. 1924 Sixty-sixth Street, Cleveland, Ohio or Alexandria, Louisiana; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864; d. 22 Apr 1918.
HARDIN/HARDEN/HARDING/HAMDEN/HARNDEN, 2Lt. Hopkins
Co. C, 19th Virginia Infantry
b. 18 Sep 1838; res. Independence, Missouri or Scottsville, Virginia; occ. planter; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
HARGET/HARGETT/NARGETT, 2Lt. John Mumford
Co. G, 1st North Carolina Infantry
b. 27 Dec 1842; res. Newberne or Newbern or New Berpe, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 3 Oct 1920.
Hargrove/Hartgrove/Hargrave, LtCol. Tazewell Lee
Co. S, 44th North Carolina Infantry
b. 6 Apr 1830; res. Oxford, North Carolina; captured at South Anna Bridge, Virginia, on 26 Jun 1863 or 26 Jun 1864.
HARMAN/HARMON/HAMMOND, Capt. Lewis
Co. I, 12th Virginia Cavalry
b. 14 Dec 1845; res. Staunton, Virginia; captured at Verdiersville or Violersville, Virginia, on 5 May 1864.
HARPER, 1Lt. Charles P.
Co. C, 21st Virginia Infantry
res. Louisville, Kentucky or Mecklenburg County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
HARRIS, 2Lt. David Terrell (Jr.)
Co. E, 21st Georgia Infantry
b. 23 Mar 1840; res. Forsythe, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864; d. 10 Jan 1912.
Harris, 2Lt. John W.
Co. K, 58th Virginia Infantry
res. Robertson, Virginia, R.F.D. or Bedford County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
HARRIS, Capt. Thomas W.
Co. C, 12th Georgia Infantry
res. Oglethorpe, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864.
Harrison, Capt. Harris Kollock
Co. E, 7th Georgia Cavalry
res. Chatham County, Georgia; captured at Louisa Court House or at Trevillian Station, Virginia, on 11 Jun 1864; exchanged at Fort Pulaski in 1864.
HART/HORT, 1Lt. Edward S.
Co. D, 23rd North Carolina Infantry
b. 9 Apr 1833; res. Barich’s Mill or Barrack’s Mill or Burrack, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; enlisted as Private, promoted to Cpl on 10 May 1861 and service record of March, 1864, list him as a 3rd Sgt. but POW records list him as 1st Lt.
HART/HASH, 2Lt. Robert B.
Co. E, 5th Virginia Cavalry
res. Stevenville or Stevensville, Virginia; captured at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, on 11 May 1864.
HART, 1Lt. William E.
King William (Virginia) Art
res. King William Court House or King William County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Hartsfield, Capt. Lemuel H.
Co. E, 3rd North Carolina Cavalry
res. Kinston, North Carolina; captured at Hanover Court House, Virginia, on 27 May 1864.
Harvey/Hervie, 2Lt. Richard
Co. H, 7th Georgia Cavalry
b. 6 Mar 1835; res. Bogan or Bryan, Georgia; captured at Trevillian Station, Virginia, on 11 Jun 1864.
HASKINS/HOSKINS/HASKIN, 1Lt. Noah A.
Co. B, 25th Virginia Infantry
res. Buchanan County, West Virginia; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 5 May 1864; erysipelas; not under fire.
Hastings, 2Lt. Joseph H.
Co. A, 17th Tennessee Infantry
b. 1 Feb 1836; res. Shellville or Shelbyville, Tennessee; occ. farmer; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
HATCHER, 2Lt. William Henry
Co. C, 42nd Virginia Infantry
b. 14 Dec 1840; res. Liberty, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 Mar 1864 or 12 May 1864; hospital, Ft. Pulaski; escaped.
HAWES, 2Lt. Samuel Horace
Orange (Virginia) Art
b. 5 Jun 1838 at Powhatan Court House, Virginia; res. King William County or Richmond, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 12 Feb 1922 at Richmond, Virginia.
HAWKINS, 1Lt. John Harvey
Co. E, 10th Virginia Infantry
b. 7 Aug 1840; res. McGaheysville, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Haynes, 2Lt. Francis Reed
Co. E, 24th Virginia Cavalry
b. 30 Sep 1834; res. Cobb’s Creek or Cobb’s, Virginia; captured at Gloucester Co. or Cobb’s Creek, Virginia, on 5 Oct 1863.
HAYNES/NAYNES/HAINES, 1Lt. John Lumpkin
Co. I, 14th Alabama Infantry
b. 4 Jul 1839; res. Talegrove or Talladega, Alabama; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, or Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Haynes, 2Lt. Robert B.
Co. A, 3rd Kentucky Cavalry
res. Lincoln County or Denton, Kentucky or Denton, Texas; captured at Buffington, Ohio or Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
HEARTSFIELD/HAERTSFIELD/HARTSFIELD, 1Lt. Jacob Andrew
Co. I, 1st North Carolina Infantry
res. Rollsville or Ballsville, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Heath, 2Lt. James Franklin
Co. F, 67th North Carolina Infantry
b. 1836; res. New Berne, North Carolina; captured at Swift Creek, North Carolina, on 26 Apr 1864.
HELM/HELMS, Capt. James William
Co. K, 42nd Virginia Infantry
res. Shawsville, Virginia or Jacksonville, Virginia; occ. merchant; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
HEMPSTEAD/HEAMSTEAD/HEMPSTAD, 1Lt. Junius Lackland
Co. F, 25th Virginia Infantry
b. 14 Nov 1842; res. Dubuque, IA and Jennings, Louisiana; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 5 May 1864.
Henderson, 2Lt. John H.
Co. K, 39th Tennessee Infantry (Bradford’s)
res. Madisonville, Tennessee; captured at Monroe County, Tennessee, on 2 Feb 1864.
HENDERSON, Capt. John Jackson
Co. A, 61st Georgia Infantry
res. Ironville or Irvineville, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
HENDERSON, 2Lt. Lewis J.
Co. G, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
res. Onslow County or Jacksonville, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Henderson, 1Lt. Thomas B.
Co. H, 3rd North Carolina Cavalry
b. 1844; res. Jacksonville, North Carolina; captured at Washington or Greenville, North Carolina, on 17 Dec 1863; d. 10 Mar 1890.
HENDRICKS/HENDRIX, 2Lt. William N.
Co. A, 25th Virginia Infantry
res. Fairmount, West Virginia; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 5 May 1864.
HENRITZE/HENRIZE/HENRITEY/HERVITZIE/HENRITZIE/HENRITZO, 2Lt. James J.
Co. C, 37th Virginia Infantry
res. Lebanon, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Henry, 2Lt. John M.
Co. H, 44th Tennessee Infantry (Consolid.)
b. 9 Feb 1837; res. Hartsville, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
Herrington/Harrington, 2Lt. William G.
Co. E, 25th Virginia Infantry Battalion
res. Hermansville, Mississippi, R.F.D. or Shelby, Cleveland County, North Carolina; captured at Cox’s Farm, Virginia, on 12 Jul 1864.
Higley/Highly, 2Lt. Gilbert P.
Co. F, 51st North Carolina Infantry
b. 3 Sep 1823; res. Lamberton or Lumberton, North Carolina; captured at Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 1 Jun 1864.
HILLSMAN, Capt. James Moses Overton
Co. H, 44th Virginia Infantry
b. 15 Oct 1835; res. Amelia County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 20 Nov 1918.
HINES/HAINES/AIMIS, 2Lt. John Charles
Co. C, 5th North Carolina Cavalry
res. Clinton or Jackson County, North Carolina; captured at Jack’s Shop, Virginia, on 22 Sep 1863.
HINES, Capt. Samuel Holder
Co. I, 45th North Carolina Infantry
b. Jan 1836; res. Milton, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864 or 12 May 1864.
HIX/HICKS, 2Lt. John S.
Co. B, 44th Virginia Infantry
res. Goochland County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Hixon/Hixson/Hitson, 1Lt. Madison
Co. B, 16th Arkansas Infantry
b. 25 Dec 1843; res. Shoal Creek or Clarksville, Arkansas; occ. planter; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
HOBSON, 1Lt. James Marcellus
Co. E, 2nd North Carolina Infantry
b. 29 Apr 1840; res. Knoxville or Rocksville or Raxville, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
HODGES/HODGINS/HODGAS, Capt. James E.
Co. B, 32nd North Carolina Infantry
res. Deep Creek or Norfolk, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
HOGAN, 2Lt. Patrick
Co. H, 4th Virginia Infantry
b. 8 Feb 1836; res. Terrell, Texas, R.F.D. or Lexington, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Hooberry/Hookerbery, 2Lt. John W.
Co. I, 44th Tennessee Infantry (Consolid.)
res. Nashville, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
Hood, Maj. William Henry
Co. S, Hood’s Bn. Virginia Reserves
b. 1833; res. Petersburg, Virginia or Berlin, Virginia; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 15 May 1864 or 15 Jun 1864; exchanged at Hilton Head on 14 Dec 1864; d. 12 Jan 1908.
HOOVER, 1Lt. Henry Luther
Co. H, 25th Virginia Infantry
b. 15 Apr 1835; res. Staunton, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 19 Mar 1896.
Hopkins, Capt. Francis William
Co. G, 7th Georgia Cavalry
b. 1843; res. Chatham or Thomasville, Georgia; captured at Louisa Court House, Virginia, or at Trevillian Station, Virginia, on 11 Jun 1864; d. 30 Jan 1902.
HOPKINS, Capt. George
Co. I, 10th Virginia Cavalry
b. 12 Nov 1829; res. HanoverCounty, Virginia; captured at Henrico County, Virginia, on 13 May 1864; lost eye; not under fire.
HORNE/HARM/HABAN/HAHN/HORN, Capt. Henry W.
Co. C, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
res. Fayetteville, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
HORTON, Capt. Thomas Benton
Co. B, 11th Virginia Infantry
res. Campbell County or King William County, Virginia; captured at Milford Station, Virginia, on 21 May 1864.
HOUSER/HOWSER/HANSER/HAUSER/HAWSER, 2Lt. Absalom Josephus
Co. D, 1st North Carolina Infantry
res. Lincolnton, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
HOWARD, Capt. George W.
Co. C, 1st Maryland Cavalry
res. Baltimore, Maryland; captured at Hawes Shop, Virginia, on 27 May 1863 or 27 May 1864; exchanged at Hilton Head.
Howard, 2Lt. Robert James
1st Mississippi Infantry
b. 18 Jun 1838; res. Byhatia or Byhalia, Mississippi; occ. merchant; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; exchanged.
HOWLETT, 1Lt. Henry Cox
Co. K, 5th Virginia Cavalry
b. Nov 1832; res. Petersburg, Virginia; captured at Chesterfield Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864.
HOWLETT/HOWELETT, 1Lt. Robert B.
Co. A, 5th Virginia Cavalry
b. 17 May 1835; res. Cobb’s Creek, Virginia; captured at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, on 11 May 1864.
Hudgins, 1Lt. Albert Galletin
C.S. Navy
b. 20 Oct 1840; res. Richmond, Virginia; captured at Albemarke Sound on the CSS Bombshell on 5 May 1864; exchanged at Morris Island.
HUDSON/HENDERSON, 1Lt. Thomas J.
Co. B, 9th Louisiana Infantry
res. Evergreen or New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
HUGHES/HUGHS, Capt. James M.
Co. K, 44th Virginia Infantry
b. 20 Apr 1839; res. Scottsville or Bedford or Richmond, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Hughes, 2Lt. John S.
Co. A, 6th Kentucky Cavalry
res. Lincoln or Stanford, Kentucky; captured at Buffington, Ohio or Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
HUGHES, 2Lt. John W.
Co. K, 44th Virginia Infantry
res. Cobham Depot or Cobham, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Hulbert/Halbert, 1Lt. William W.
Co. D, 4th Georgia Infantry
b. 8 May 1838; res. Augusta, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864.
Humes, Capt. Andrew R.
Co. K, 21st Virginia Cavalry (Peter’s)
res. Abidgdon or Abingdon, Virginia; captured at Leetown, (West) Virginia, on 3 Jul 1864.
Humphreys/Humphries, 2Lt. Alexander Robinson
Co. D, 26th Virginia Infantry Battalion
res. Lewisburg, West Virginia; captured at Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 3 Jun 1863.
Hunter, 2Lt. George W.
Co. G, 8th Kentucky Cavalry
res. Bardstown, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
Hunter/Harten, 1Lt. Pilander D.
Staff to GEN Frazer, Artillery
res. Nashville, Tennessee; captured at Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, on 9 Sep 1863.
Hunter, 1Lt. William Lyle
Co. A, 43rd Virginia Cavalry Battalion
b. 24 Aug 1843; res. Waynesborough or Waynesboro, Virginia; captured at Aldie, Virginia, on 23 Apr 1864.
HUTCHISON/HUTCHINSON/HUTCHENSON/HUTCHESON, 2Lt. Benjamin Hixson
Co. D, 8th Virginia Infantry
b. 20 Feb 1836; res. Loudon County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863.
Hutchison/Hutcheson/Hutchinson/Hatcherson, 1Lt. Charles L.
Co. H, 63rd Tennessee Infantry
res. Georgetown, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
HUTTON, 2Lt. Samuel John
Co. F, 37th Virginia Infantry
b. 19 Jul 1839; res. Glade Spring Depot or Glade Springs Depot or Glade Spring, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Irvine/Irvin/Irwin, 2Lt. Joseph A.
Co. A, 9th Tennessee Cavalry Battalion (Gantt’s)
b. 25 Sep 1841; res. Columbia, Tennessee; captured at Maury or Columbia, Tennessee, on 8 Nov 1863; exchanged in 1864.
Irwin/Irvin, 2Lt. Thomas
Co. G, 11th Tennessee Infantry
res. Nashville, Tennessee; captured at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, on 25 Nov 1863.
Israel/Isarel, Capt. Abner B.
Co. E, 1st Arkansas Infantry
res. Ponchoton or Powhattan, Arkansas; captured at Ripley County, Missouri, on 25 Dec 1863.
IVEY/JOY/IEVEY, 1Lt. William Darius
Co. D, 12th Georgia Infantry
b. 1838 at Randolph County, Georgia; res. Wiliford or Milford, Georgia; Beaumont, Texas; Los Angeles, California; occ. planter, judge; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864; d. 24 Nov 1918 at Los Angeles, California, of influenza.
IVEY/IVY, 3Lt. William H.
Co. H, 2nd North Carolina Cavalry
res. Los Angeles, California or Jackson or Clinton, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
James, Capt. William N.
Co. C, 44th Tennessee Infantry (Consolid.)
b. 22 Nov 1835; res. Carthage, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
Jarrett/Garrett, 2Lt. James A.
Co. K, Holcombe’s (South Carolina) Infantry Legion
res. Spartensburg or Spartansburg, South Carolina; captured at Rocky Creek Station or Stony Creek Bridge, Virginia, on 7 May 1864.
JASTREMSKI/LASTRAANSKIE/JESTREMESKA/CISTREMSKI/GESTREMSKY/JASDREMSKI/JASTERMISKIE/JESTREMSKI, Capt. Leon
Co. E, 10th Louisiana Infantry
b. 17 Jul 1843 at Soulan, France; res. Alberville or Abbeville, Louisiana; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; escaped in 1864; d. at Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Jefferies/Jeffers/Jeffreys, 2Lt. William Terry
Co. E, Power’s (CS) Cavalry
res. Port Gibson, Mississippi; captured at Clayborne or Port Gibson, Mississippi, on 14 Feb 1864.
JEFFERS/JEFFRES, 1Lt. Eugene C.
Co. I, 61st Georgia Infantry
b. 1833; res. Macon, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Jenkins, 1Lt. Henry James
Co. A, 15th North Carolina Cavalry Battalion (Wynn’s)
res. Murfreesboro, North Carolina; captured at Gate City or Gatesville, North Carolina, on 9 Jun 1864.
Jenkins, 1Lt. John D.
Co. K, 44th Tennessee Infantry
b. 16 Feb 1838; res. Clarksville, Tennessee; occ. planter; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864; d. 11 Jun 1919.
JOHNSON/JOHNSTON, 2Lt. Charles P.
Co. B, 11th Virginia Cavalry
b. 22 Nov 1844; res. Hampshire County, West Virginia; captured at Burlington, (West) Virginia, on 3 Dec 1863; d. 26 Oct 1919.
Johnson, Capt. H. L. W.
Co. C, 12th Arkansas Infantry
res. Arkadelphia, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; lost leg; not under fire.
JOHNSON, Capt. Jehu House
Co. E, 25th Virginia Infantry
b. 3 Sep 1835; res. Franklin, West Virginia; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 5 May 1864 or 12 May 1864.
Johnson, Capt. Samuel Joseph
Co. K, 25th Tennessee Infantry
b. 19 Jun 1839; res. Sparta, Tennessee; captured at Drury’s Bluff, Virginia, on 16 May 1864.
JOHNSON/JOHNSTON, 2Lt. Seymour Anderson
Co. D, 23rd Virginia Infantry
b. 6 Feb 1838; res. Louisa, Washington County or Louisa County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Johnson, 2Lt. William E. (Jr. )
Co. K, 7th South Carolina Cavalry
b. 27 Mar 1827; res. Kershaw District or Liberty, South Carolina; captured at Old Church or Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 30 May 1863.
JOHNSON/JOHNSTON, 2Lt. William P.
Co. C, 1st North Carolina Cavalry
res. Charlotte, North Carolina; captured at Bostic Station or Bristoe Station, Virginia, on 25 Nov 1863; he enlisted as a private on 28 May 1861 and service records describe him as a Private until at least Dec, 1864. He claimed as a POW that he was a private but POW records consistently describe him as a 2nd Lt.
JOHNSON, Capt. William T.
Co. H, 18th Virginia Infantry
res. Henrico County, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; wound in right thigh; not under fire.
Johnston/Johnson, Maj. Thomas Henry
Co. S, 1st Mississippi Infantry
b. 17 Dec 1832; res. Hernando or Fernand or Fernando, Mississippi; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; exchanged.
JOHNSTON/JOHNSON, Capt. Thomas L.
Co. A, 1st North Carolina Infantry
b. 1827; res. Edenton, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Jones, Maj. David A.
Staff to GEN JR Jones
b. 13 Sep 1837; res. Harrisonburg, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864 or 12 May 1864.
JONES, 2Lt. Henry Clay
Co. H, 50th Virginia Infantry
b. 13 Oct 1836; res. Gladesville, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Jones, Capt. James McG.
Co. G, Cocke’s (Arkansas) Infantry
res. Berryville, Arkansas; captured at the Arkansas Line or near Berryville, Missouri (Arkansas?), on 4 Oct 1863.
Jones, 2Lt. Joel W.
Co. H, 1st Mississippi Infantry
res. Smithville, Mississippi; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
Jones, 1Lt. William Thomas
Co. C, 35th North Carolina Infantry
b. 1833; res. Moose County or Moore County, North Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
KEISER/KRIZER/KYSER, 2Lt. George Franklin
Co. H, 5th Virginia Infantry
b. 25 May 1836; res. Greensville or Greenville or Martinsville, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
KELLEY/KELLY, Capt. Francis White
Co. C, 50th Virginia Infantry
b. 25 Jul 1838; res. Salem, Va. or Tazewell County, Virginia; occ. merchant; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
KELLEY/KELLY, 2Lt. James Pierce
Co. C, 4th Virginia Infantry
b. 7 Jul 1838; res. Newburn, Henry County or Pulaski City, Virginia or St. Louis, Missouri; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Kelly, Capt. John G.
Staff to GEN Hebert
res. St. Louis, Missouri or Newbern, Virginia; captured at Smithville, North Carolina, on 29 Feb 1864; took the oath of allegiance at Fort Pulaski in 1865.
KELLY/KELLEY, 1Lt. Thomas E.
Co. F, 5th Louisiana Infantry
res. Bastrop or New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 16 Sep 1865 at at home.
Kemp, Capt. William Breed
Co. H, 3rd Louisiana Cavalry (Wingfield’s)
b. 11 Jan 1834; res. Greensboro, Louisiana; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; d. 3 May 1899.
Kendall, 1Lt. William Addison
Co. A, 3rd Kentucky Cavalry
res. Lenton or Denton, Kentucky or Denton, Texas; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
KENT, Capt. Thomas W.
Co. F, 48th Georgia Infantry
b. 28 Jul 1828; res. Wrightsville, Georgia; occ. planter; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 5 Jul 1863; attempted to escape from Fort Pulaski prison on 28 Feb 1865, was betrayed by R. C. Gillespie and recaptured; was put in a dark cell in wet clothes without fire for five days; d. 20 Jun 1918.
KILLIAN, 1Lt. George Henry
Co. H, 5th Virginia Infantry
res. Waynesborough or Waynesboro, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
KILLMARTIN/KILMARTIN/GILMARTIN, 2Lt. John
7th Louisiana Infantry
res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
KING, Capt. Alexander McCall
Co. E, 50th Virginia Infantry
b. 21 Aug 1841; res. Saltville, Lee County or Halifax County or Abingdon, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 15 Feb 1865 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of scurvy.
KING, 2Lt. Festus
King William (Virginia) Art
res. King William County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
KING, 2Lt. John E.
Co. E, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
res. Gold Hill or Onslow, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 15 Jun 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of chronic dysentery.
KING, 2Lt. John Stanton
Co. B, 37th Virginia Infantry
b. 2 Apr 1830; res. Abingdon, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
King, 2Lt. Thomas J.
Co. H, 24th Virginia Cavalry
res. Martinsville or Greenville, Virginia; captured at Charles City Court House, Virginia, on 10 Dec 1863 or 13 Dec 1863.
KIRK, 1Lt. Thomas J.
Co. G, 4th Virginia Infantry
res. Bowling Green or Christiansburg or Christianburg, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Kirkman, 1Lt. Alexander Jackson
Co. D, 4th Alabama Cavalry Battalion
res. Florence, Alabama; captured at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, or Florence, Alabama, on 30 Oct 1863.
KITCHIN/KITCHEN/KITCHENS/RITCHIE, Capt. William Hodges
Co. I, 12th North Carolina Infantry
res. Scotland Neck or Scotland, North Carolina or Scotland, Maryland; occ. U.S. Congressman; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; placed in convict prison at Hilton Head Jan 20-Feb 16, 1865 for cutting the buttons off the coat of an oath-taker, , and making a plan to escape; after the war was a member of the U.S. Congress.
KNOX/KNOY, Capt. John G.
Co. A, 7th North Carolina Infantry
b. Mar 1840; res. Rowan or Rowan County, North Carolina; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 5 May 1864.
Knox, 2Lt. William C.
Co. D, 8th Tennessee Cavalry (B.Smith’s)
res. Shellville or Shelbyville, Tennessee; captured at Wilson or Woodbury, Tennessee, on 16 Nov 1863; d. 12 Apr 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of scurvy.
KRATZER/KRETZER/KRAYTER/KNATZER/KRAUTZER/KRITZER, 2Lt. Joseph W.
Co. H, 12th Virginia Cavalry
res. Harrisonburg, Virginia; captured at Bethany, Virginia, on 12 May 1864 or 21 May 1864.
KUYKENDALL/KUYKEDALL/KUYENDALL/KINKINDALE, Capt. Isaac
Co. F, 7th Virginia Cavalry
b. 30 Aug 1839; res. Romney, West Virginia or Romney, Virginia; captured at Wire Bridge, (West) Virginia, on 18 Feb 1864 or 19 Feb 1864; exchanged at Hilton Head.
KYLE, Capt. Jesse Kneedler
Co. B, 52nd North Carolina Infantry
b. circa 1835; res. Fayetteville, North Carolina; captured at Milford Station, Virginia, on 21 May 1864 or 22 May 1864.
LACY/LACEY, 2Lt. Drury
Co. I, 23rd Virginia Infantry
res. Prince Edward Court House or Prince Edward County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
LAMBERT, 2Lt. John Moore
Co. I, 52nd Virginia Infantry
b. 3 Jul 1839; res. Greenville, Virginia; captured at Cold Harbor or Bethesda Church, Virginia, on 30 May 1864.
LANE/LANA, 3Lt. Christopher C.
Co. A, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
res. Snow Hill, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 8 Dec 1864 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic diarrhea.
LANE, Capt. John W.
Co. I, 16th North Carolina Infantry
b. 29 Apr 1841; res. Hendersonville, North Carolina; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864; d. 11 Oct 1906.
LATHAM, 1Lt. Julian A.
Co. G, 1st North Carolina Infantry
res. Plymouth, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Lauderdale/Landerdale/Landervale, 1Lt. John F.
Co. A, 2nd Tennessee Cavalry (Ashby’s)
res. Clayborne or Claiborne, Tennessee; captured at Spring Place, Georgia, on 28 Feb 1864.
LAYTON/LEYTON/LATON/LEIGHTON, 1Lt. David Martin
Co. D, 25th Virginia Infantry
res. Mt. Meridian, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
LeBreton/LeBriton, LtCol. Emile St. Mesme
Co. S, 4th Louisiana Infantry Militia
b. 1833; res. New Orleans, Louisiana; occ. attorney; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
Leathers, 2Lt. William F.
Co. A, 2nd Kentucky Cavalry (Duke’s)
b. circa 1821; res. Lawrenceburg, Kentucky; captured at Buffington Island, Ohio, on 19 Jul 1863.
Leatherwood/Leatherad, 1Lt. Albert Newton
Co. E, 39th North Carolina Infantry
b. 1835; res. Fort Henry or Ford Hendry or Fort Humbree, North Carolina; captured at Clay County or Cherokee County, North Carolina, on 18 Feb 1864.
Ledford/Lodford, 1Lt. Jesse A.
Co. H, 25th Tennessee Infantry
res. Livingston, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864; d. 1 May 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of acute dysentery.
LEDYARD/CIDYARD/GIDYARD, 1Lt. William N.
Co. A, 3rd Alabama Infantry
res. Mobile, Alabama; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 1 Jul 1863; lost left leg; not under fire.
Leftwick/Leftwitch/Leftwich, 2Lt. L. Clark
C.S. Navy
b. 1834; res. Lynchburg, Virginia; captured on the CSS Minnie on 7 May 1864; wound in left lung; exchanged at Hilton Head in 1864; not under fire; d. 14 Jun 1907.
LEGG, 2Lt. Russell W.
Co. A, 50th Virginia Infantry
b. 1827; res. Turkey Cove, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 7 Feb 1865 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic diarrhea.
LEIGH, 2Lt. William P. R.
Co. A, 5th Virginia Cavalry
res. Gloucester Courthouse or Glouchester, Virginia; captured at King & Queen Court House on June 7 or at Lancaster County, Virginia, on 13 Jun 1864.
LEMON/LENEMOOD/LEMMON, Capt. James Lile
Co. A, 18th Georgia Infantry
b. 27 Oct 1835; res. Cobb County, Georgia; captured at Knoxville, Tennessee, on 29 Nov 1863.
LEMON/LEMMON/LEMORNE, Capt. John L.
Co. G, 14th Louisiana Infantry
res. New Orleans; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Leonard/Leonan, 2Lt. James S.
Co. D, 7th CS Cavalry
res. Tuskegee, Alabama; captured at Swanborn or Swansboro, North Carolina, on 30 Apr 1864; exchanged at Hilton Head.
Lewis/Servis, Capt. Andrew Jackson
Co. E, Power’s (CS) Cavalry
res. Port Gibson or Natchez, Mississippi; captured at Port Gibson, Mississippi, on 14 Feb 1864.
Lewis, Capt. Charles Irvine
Co. I, 8th Virginia Cavalry
res. Charleston, Virginia; captured at Shepherdstown on 3 July 1863 or at Leetown, (West) Virginia, on 3 Jul 1864.
LEWIS, Capt. George W.
Co. I, 31st Georgia Infantry
res. Brambridge or Bainbridge, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Lewis, 2Lt. James B.
Co. F, 1st Tennessee Cavalry (Carter’s)
res. Tazewell or Rutledge, Tennessee; captured at Union or Maynardsville, Tennessee, on 3 Dec 1863.
LEWIS, 1Lt. Oliver Hazard Perry
Co. F, 31st Virginia Infantry
res. Beverly or Beverley, West Virginia; captured at Highland County, Virginia, on 10 Nov 1863.
LEWIS/LEIWS, Capt. Thomas Case
Co. I, 18th North Carolina Infantry
b. 1840; res. Wilmington, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Lindsay, 2Lt. Gavin H.
Co. K, 54th North Carolina Infantry
res. Madison, North Carolina; captured at Drury’s Bluff, Virginia, on 16 May 1864.
Lindsey/Lindsay, 3Lt. James B.
Co. B, 31st North Carolina Infantry
res. Wadesboro, North Carolina; captured at Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 1 Jun 1864.
LIPPS, Capt. Jonas Alexander
Co. H, 50th Virginia Infantry
b. 8 Nov 1840; res. Wise Court House or Wise County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 6 Apr 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of scurvy.
Logan, Capt. Matthew D.
Co. I, 3rd Kentucky Cavalry
b. 8 Jan 1822; res. Lancaster; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863; exchanged at Hilton Head in 1864.
Logan/L., Capt. Robert D.
Co. A, 3rd Kentucky Cavalry
b. 20 Jan 1829; res. Danville or Lancaster, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863; exchanged at Hilton Head in 1864.
Logsdon/Logsbon/Logsden, 1Lt. Barney
Co. D, 1st Kentucky Cavalry
b. 2 Oct 1834; res. Sturgis or Fairmount, Kentucky; captured at Charleston, Tennessee, on 28 Dec 1863.
LONG, 2Lt. Green B.
Co. F, 11th Virginia Infantry
b. 1838; res. Petersburg, Virginia; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 3 Jul 1863; wound in shoulder; not under fire.
LONG, 2Lt. John
Co. D, 10th Virginia Infantry
res. Bridgewater, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 22 Feb 1865 at Hilton Head, South Carolina, of chronic diarrhea.
Lovett, Capt. Joshua M.
Co. E, 23rd Virginia Cavalry
b. 1833; res. Hampshire County, Virginia; captured at Capon Bridge, (West) Virginia, on “June 31” or 31 Jan 1864; d. 10 Jun 1867.
LOWDERMILK/LOUDERMILK/LOWDERMIK, 2Lt. Zemeriah Hadley
Co. H, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
b. 8 Jan 1841; res. Joplin Club, Joplin, Missouri or Randolph, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Lowe, Capt. Schuyler
3rd Battery (Missouri) Lt Artillery
b. 1834; res. Independence, Missouri; captured at Rodney, Mississippi, or St. Joseph, Louisiana, on 29 Jan 1864; d. 3 Jan 1913.
LUSK/LUST, 2Lt. Nathan B. (Jr. )
Co. G, 12th South Carolina Infantry
res. Cherokee, South Carolina; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 5 May 1864 or 6 May 1864.
LYON/LYONS, 2Lt. Robert Henry
Co. H, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
b. 26 Mar 1843; res. Black Rock, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
LYONS/LYON/LOGAN, 1Lt. Peter C.
Co. G, 18th Georgia Infantry
res. Canton, Georgia; captured at Gaines’ Farm or Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 1 Jun 1864; d. 13 Mar 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of chronic diarrhea.
Lytle, Capt. James K. Polk
Co. F, 23rd Tennessee Infantry
b. 25 Feb 1838; res. Unionville, Tennessee; captured at Bean’s Station, Tennessee, on 14 Dec 1863 or 1864.
LYTTON/LYTTEN/LATTEAN/LETTON/LITTEN/LITTON, 1Lt. John F.
Co. C, 5th Virginia Infantry
b. 19 Feb 1830; res. Long Glade, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
MACRAE/MCRAE/MCREA, Capt. Walter Gwyn
Co. C, 7th North Carolina Infantry
b. circa 1841; res. Wilmington, North Carolina; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
MADDOX/MADDUX, 1Lt. Joseph J.
Co. B, 38th Georgia Infantry
b. 1835; res. Milton, Georgia; captured at Locust Grove, Virginia, on 6 May 1864; d. 9 Jan 1912.
MAHONEY/MAHONY, 1Lt. Daniel
Co. A, 10th Louisiana Infantry
res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
MALARCHER/MALCHOR/MALACHREA/MALLACHER/WALAECHEE, Capt. Lewis H.
Co. D, 7th Louisiana Infantry
res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864; exchanged.
MALLETT/MALLET/MALLER, 1Lt. Charles Peter
Co. C, 3rd North Carolina Infantry
b. 12 Sep 1844; res. Fayetteville, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Malloy/Mallory/Maloy, 1Lt. John Douglas
Co. D, 51st North Carolina Infantry
b. 5 Jul 1840; res. Buckhorn or Burckhorn, North Carolina; captured at Drury’s Bluff, Virginia, on 16 May 1864.
MANNING/MARRING, Col. Vannoy Hartrog
Co. S, 3rd Arkansas Infantry
b. 26 Jul 1839; res. Hanbury or Hamburg, Arkansas; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864; placed in convict prison at Hilton Head Jan 20-Feb 16, 1865 for cutting the buttons off the coat of an oath-taker, , and making a plan to escape; d. 2 Nov 1892.
Martin/Mastin, Capt. Thomas Booker
Co. I, Holcombe’s (South Carolina) Infantry Legion
res. Fair Forest, South Carolina or Spartansburg or Spartanburg, South Carolina; occ. planter; captured at Stony Creek Bridge, Virginia, on 7 MAR 1864 or 7 May 1864.
MARTIN, Capt. William A.
Co. B, 7th Louisiana Infantry
b. 1838; res. Baton Rouge, Louisiana; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 31 Mar 1918 at Louisville, Kentucky.
MASKEW/MARKEW/MARTIN/MARTEN, 1Lt. John
Co. E, 1st Louisiana Infantry (Nelligan’s)
b. circa 1839; res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 5 Jul 1863; wounded left arm; not under fire; d. 4 Oct 1865.
MASSIE/MASSIR/MASSEY, 2Lt. D. Rodes
Charlottesville (Virginia) Art
b. 17 May 1836; res. Covesville or Coovesville or Cowsville, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 14 May 1902.
Mastin, 1Lt. Edmund Irby
Staff to GEN Kelly
b. 8 Nov 1841; res. Autsville or Huntsville, Alabama; captured at Charleston, Tennessee, on 28 Dec 1863.
MATHEWS/MATTHEWS, Capt. Jacob Warwick
Co. I, 25th Virginia Infantry
b. 9 Jan 1839; res. Alvon, Greenbrier County, West Virginia or Beverley, West Virginia; occ. merchant and farmer; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 5 May 1864.
MAUCK/MANCK, 2Lt. Joseph W.
Co. H, 10th Virginia Infantry
b. 18 Feb 1835; res. Mount Clinton, Virginia or Harrisonburg, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Maxwell, 1Lt. Benjamin Close
Courtney (Virginia) Artillery
res. Westham Locks or Westmoreland or White Hemlock, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
MAXWELL, 1Lt. James W.
Co. F, 50th Georgia Infantry
res. Canton or Coffee County, Georgia; captured at Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 1 Jun 1864.
MAY, 1Lt. Samuel H.
Co. D, 10th Louisiana Infantry
res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on 5 Jul 1863; wounded left arm; not under fire.
McCallum/McCallam, Capt. James Rogers
Co. D, 63rd Tennessee Infantry
b. 25 Jan 1839; res. Knoxville, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
MCCAWLEY/MCGAULEY/MCGAULLEY/MCGANLY/MCGAWLEY, 1Lt. William
Co. K, 9th Virginia Cavalry
res. Baltimore or Warsaw, Virginia; captured at Ashland, Virginia, on 1 Jul 1864.
MCCONNELL/MCCONELL/MCCONNOR, Capt. William S.
Co. E, 48th Virginia Infantry
res. Estillville or Estellville, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
MCCOY, Capt. Charles Daniel
Co. D, 25th Virginia Infantry
b. 16 Dec 1837; res. Charlottesville, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
McCreary, Maj. James Bennett
Co. S, 11th Kentucky Cavalry
b. 1838; res. Richmond, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863; d. 18 Oct 1918.
MCDONALD/MCDONNELL, Capt. Daniel
Co. C, 61st Georgia Infantry
b. 5 Feb 1836; res. Brooks County, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
McDonald/McDowell, Maj. James R.
Co. S, 51st North Carolina Infantry
res. Fayetteville, North Carolina; captured at Gaines’ Mill or Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 1 Jun 1864.
McDowell, 1Lt. James Washington
Co. D, 26th Virginia Infantry Battalion
b. 7 Jun 1840; res. Lewisburg or Greenbrier County, Virginia; captured at Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 3 Jun 1864.
MCINTOSH, 1Lt. Franklin M.
Co. F, 18th North Carolina Infantry
b. 16 Jul 1840; res. Richmond County or Richmond, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
MCLEOD, Capt. Andrew Jackson
Co. C, 51st Georgia lnf Regt
res. Camilla or Camden, Georgia; captured at Gaines’ Farm or Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 1 Jun 1864.
MCLEOD/MCLEOAD/MCCLOUD, 1Lt. Murdoch
Co. H, 26th North Carolina Infantry
b. circa 1832; res. Carthage, North Carolina; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864; d. at Carthage, North Carolina.
MCMICHAEL/MCMICEL/MCMICHEAL, Capt. James Robert
Co. K, 12th Georgia Infantry
res. Buena Vista, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 10 May 1864.
MCMILLAN/MCMULLAN/MCMULLEN, 1Lt. John James
Co. C, 1st North Carolina Infantry
b. 20 Mar 1830; res. Wilmington, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
McNear/McNeer/McNair, 2Lt. Benjamin F.
Co. I, 6th Kentucky Cavalry
b. 24 Feb 1830; res. Owentown or Owenton, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
Meacham/Mecham, Capt. Samuel Banks
Co. E, 5th South Carolina Infantry
res. Yorkville, South Carolina; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
Meadows/Meddows, Capt. James D.
Co. A, 1st Alabama Infantry
b. 9 Jan 1827; res. Florence, Alabama; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; both legs wounded; not under fire.
Meddows/Meadows, 2Lt. J. O.
Co. A, 3rd Kentucky Cavalry
res. Bonham, Texas or Benham, Texas or Bonham, Kentucky; captured at Syracuse or Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
MERCHANT/MURCHANT, 1Lt. Benjamin Dyer
Co. A, 4th Virginia Cavalry
b. 3 Jun 1838; res. Manassas Junction or Manassas, Virginia; occ. merchant; captured at Antioch or Bristoe Station, Virginia, on 29 Dec 1863.
MILLER, Capt. Robert Henry
Co. C, 44th Virginia Infantry
b. 19 Oct 1833; res. Buckingham Court House or Buckingham County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Miller, Capt. Robert L.
Co. B, 7th Georgia Cavalry
res. Scarboro Scriben County or Chatham County, Georgia; captured at Trevillian Station, Virginia, on 11 Jun 1864.
Miner/Mina, Capt. Charles L.
Co. B, 1st Missouri Infantry
res. Waco, Texas or Waco, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, or Saline County, Missouri, on 13 Oct 1863; took the oath of allegiance at Fort Pulaski in 1865.
MITCHELL, 1Lt. Thomas S.
Co. G, 42nd Virginia Infantry
res. Marksville or Martinsville, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. circa 16 Jun 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of chronic diarrhea.
MITCHELL/WHITEHALL, Capt. William Thomas
Co. E, 6th Virginia Cavalry
b. 20 Feb 1835; res. Pittsylvania County, Virginia; captured at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, on 11 May 1864.
Moles, 1Lt. Hanson
Co. F, 7th Kentucky Cavalry
res. Albany or Alleghany, Kentucky or Albany, Texas; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
MOON, Capt. Thomas Alexander
Co. G, 6th Virginia Cavalry
res. Halifax County, Virginia; captured at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, on 11 May 1864.
Moore, Capt. Docitheus C.
Co. F, Holcombe’s (South Carolina) Infantry Legion
res. Cokesbery or Polksburg or Cokesburg, South Carolina; captured at Garrett’s Station or Jarrett’s Station, Virginia, on 8 May 1864.
Moore/Moon, Capt. Julius W.
Co. H, 3rd North Carolina Cavalry
res. Wilmington, North Carolina; captured at Greenville, North Carolinap or South Carolina, on 17 Dec 1863.
MORGAN, 1Lt. John G.
Co. F, 45th Georgia Infantry
res. Clinton, Georgia; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
Morgan, 1Lt. Sydney A.
Co. A, 25th Tennessee Infantry
res. Sparta, Tennessee; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 Jun 1864.
MORGAN, 1Lt. William Henry
Co. C, 11th Virginia Infantry
res. Campbell County or Floyds, Virginia or Carroll County, Virginia; captured at Milford Station, Virginia, on 21 May 1864.
Morris, 2Lt. James D.
Co. D, 8th Kentucky Cavalry
res. Winchester, Kentucky; captured at Buffington Island, Ohio, on 19 Jul 1863; d. 7 Apr 1865 at Ft. Delaware, Delaware, of erysipelas.
MOSELEY/MOSELY/MOSLEY, 1Lt. Milton M.
Co. B, 3rd Georgia Sharpshooter Bn
res. Homer or Banks County, Georgia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
MOSELEY/MOSELY/MASTEY/MOSBY, 1Lt. Nathan S.
Co. F, 12th North Carolina Infantry
res. Warenton or Warrenton, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
MOSES, 1Lt. Henry J.
Co. A, 51st Georgia Infantry
res. Blakely, Georgia; captured at Gaines’ Farm or Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 1 Jun 1864.
MOSS/MASS/MORSE, 1Lt. Thomas Overton
Co. G, 23rd Virginia Infantry
b. 31 Jan 1839; res. Louisa Court House or Louisa County, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Mulvaney/Mulvany/Melvaney, Capt. James M.
Co. H, 27th South Carolina Infantry
res. Charleston, South Carolina; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 24 Jun 1864; took the oath of allegiance at Morris Island in 1865.
MUNCE/MUNNER/HUME/MUNTZ, Capt. Thomas Quitman
Co. G, 12th Mississippi Infantry
res. Natchez or Keenzie, Mississippi; captured at Petersburg, Virginia, on 24 Jun 1864.
Murphy, Capt. William F.
Co. K, 51st North Carolina Infantry
b. 28 Oct 1841; res. Clinton, North Carolina; captured at Bermuda Hundreds or Drury’s Bluff, Virginia, on 16 May 1864.
MURRAY/MURRY, Capt. John Ogden
Co. A, 11th Virginia Cavalry
res. Richmond, Virginia; occ. author; captured at Valley Pike in Nov 1863 or near Martinsburg, (West) Virginia, on 18 Oct 1863; attempted to escape from Fort Pulaski prison on 28 Feb 1865, was betrayed by R. C. Gillespie and recaptured; was put in a dark cell in wet clothes without fire for five days; d. 12 Jun 1921.
Musser/Mercer, Capt. George Washington
Co. B, 29th Virginia Infantry
b. 7 Dec 1841; res. Rural Retreat, Virginia; captured at Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 6 Jun 1864.
Myers, 1Lt. Sanders
Co. B, 4th Florida Infantry
b. 1843; res. Bainbridge or Appaalachicola or Apalachia, Florida; captured at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, on 23 Nov 1863; d. 28 Oct 1882.
Nash, 1Lt. George C.
Co. K, 6th Kentucky Cavalry
b. 31 Dec 1841; res. Own County or Owen, Kentucky; captured at Buffington or Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
NELSON, Capt. George Washington
Hanover (Virginia) Artillery
b. 27 May 1840; res. Beaver Dam, Hanover County or Hanover Court House or Rockbridge County, Virginia; captured at New Market, Virginia, on 26 Oct 1863.
Newton, 2Lt. Louis D.
Co. D, 3rd Kentucky Cavalry
res. Union, Kentucky or Union County, Arkansas; captured at Buffington Island, Ohio, on 19 Jul 1863.
Nicks/Hicks, Capt. John H.
Nick’s Independent Co. Tennessee Cavalry
res. Hankins County or Hickman County or Hawkins, Tennessee; captured at Hickman County, Tennessee, on 25 Dec 1863.
Norris/Morris, Capt. Almarine A.
14th Kentucky Cavalry
b. 28 Dec 1834; res. Burkeville or Burksville or Buskville, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
NUNN, Capt. William Christopher
Co. E, 5th Virginia Cavalry
b. 31 Jul 1835; res. Little Plymouth or Plymouth, Virginia; captured at Trevillian Station, Virginia, in June 1863 or on 11 Jun 1864; exchanged at Hilton Head.
NUTT/MOTT, Capt. William C.
Co. A, 53rd Georgia Infantry
b. circa 1831; res. Griffin County, Georgia; captured at Knoxville, Tennessee, on 29 Nov 1863.
O’RILEY/ORIELY/O’REILLY/ORILEY, Capt. William E.
Co. G, 9th Louisiana Infantry
res. New Orleans, Louisiana; captured at Rappahannock Station, Virginia, on 7 Nov 1863; wounded left ankle; not under fire.
Parham/Parkham, Capt. Samuel Jones
Co. K, 54th North Carolina Infantry
b. circa 1833; res. Henderson, North Carolina; captured at Rappahannock Station, Virginia, on 7 Nov 1863; d. 2 Mar 1880.
PATRICK, 1Lt. Frederick F.
Co. A, 32nd North Carolina Infantry
res. Columbia, North Carolina; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864.
Patterson, Capt. John C.
Co. A, 14th Arkansas Infantry (Power’s)
res. Yellville, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
Peake/Peak, 2Lt. Frank P.
Byrne’s Co. Kentucky Horse Artillery
captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863; d. 2 Oct 1864 at Morris Island, South Carolina, of chronic diarrhea.
Perkins, Capt. Thomas Fearn (Jr.)
Co. I, 11th Tennessee Cavalry (Holman’s)
b. 6 Dec 1842; res. Frakton or Franklin, Tennessee; captured at Williamson County, Tennessee, on 8 Dec 1863; placed in convict prison at Hilton Head Jan 20-Feb 16, 1865 for cutting the buttons off the coat of an oath-taker, , and making a plan to escape.
Pinckney, Capt. Thomas
Co. D, 4th South Carolina Cavalry
b. 1828; res. Charleston, South Carolina; captured at Hawes’ Shop, Virginia, on 28 May 1864; d. 15 Nov 1915.
Polk, Capt. James H.
Co. E, 6th Tennessee Cavalry (Wheeler’s)
res. Polk Bros., Fort Worth, Texas or Ashwood, Tennessee; occ. planter; captured at Meridian or Hickman County, Tennessee, on 13 Jan 1864; exchanged in 1864.
Prewitt/Prewett/Previtt, 2Lt. David N.
Co. A, 6th Kentucky Cavalry
res. Perryville, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863; attempted to escape from Fort Pulaski prison on 28 Feb 1865, was betrayed by R. C. Gillespie and recaptured; was put in a dark cell in wet clothes without fire for five days.
PUE/PUGH, 2Lt. James Alexander Ventris
Co. A, 1st Maryland Cavalry
res. Ellicott City or Ellicott’s Mills, Maryland or Montgomery County, Maryland; captured at Hanover Junction, Virginia, on 24 May 1864.
Purgason/Purgarson/Ferguson, Capt. Joseph L.
32nd Mississippi Infantry
res. Port Gibson, Mississippi; captured at Corinth, Mississippi, on 4 May 1863.
RICE, LtCol. Evan
Co. S, 55th Virginia Infantry
res. EssexCounty, Virginia; captured at Falling Waters, Maryland, on 14 Jul 1863; chronic diarrhea; not under fire.
Richards, 2Lt. Charles E.
Co. D, 5th Kentucky Cavalry
res. Warsaw or Warray, Kentucky; captured at Cheshire, Ohio, on 20 Jul 1863.
ROSENBALM/ROSENBAUM/ROSENBLAM, 2Lt. Eli A.
Co. H, 37th Virginia Infantry
res. Lodi, Washington County or Abingdon, Virginia; captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864; d. 18 Feb 1865 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of dysentery.
ROUGHTON/ROUGHTEN/BOUGHTON, 1Lt. George Washington
Co. H, 49th Georgia Infantry
b. 1834; res. Sandersville, Georgia; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864.
Stewart, Maj. William E.
Co. S, 15th Arkansas Infantry (Johnson’s)
res. Easton, Maryland or Madison, Arkansas; occ. attorney; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863; hospital, Ft. Pulaski; escaped.
SWINDLER/SUMDLER/LAWDER/SQUINDLER/SWINDLE, Maj. Aylette Andrew
Co. S, 7th Virginia Infantry
b. 6 Aug 1833; res. Sperryville, Virginia; captured at Rappahannock County, Virginia, on 18 Mar 1864; lost left leg; not under fire.
TOLBERT/TALBOT/TALBERT/TOLBUT, Capt. John H.
Co. B, 5th Florida Infantry
res. Lake City, Florida; captured at The Wilderness, Virginia, on 6 May 1864; d. 14 Mar 1865 at Ft. Pulaski, Georgia, of chronic dysentery.
Wilson/Willson, Maj. Micajah R.
Co. S, 8th Arkansas Infantry Battalion
res. Hanbury or Hamburg, Arkansas; captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on 9 Jul 1863.
Woodram/Woodrum/Woodman, Maj. Richard
Co. S, 26th Virginia Infantry Battalion
b. 5 Sep 1838; res. Union, Virginia; captured at Cold Harbor, Virginia, on 3 Jun 1864.
Woolfolk/Woodfork/Woolford, Col. George William
unorganized Kentucky Cavalry
res. Paducah, Kentucky or Orange County, Virginia; captured at Germantown, Kentucky, on 9 Dec 1863 or at the Tallehassee River; ship Crescent City; escaped.
Zeigler, Maj. Martin Govan
Co. S, Holcombe’s (South Carolina) Infantry Legion
b. 1830; res. Cokesbery or Cokesburg, South Carolina; captured at Stony Creek Bridge, Virginia, on 7 May 1864.


Pocket Gettysburg – Search for a Monument

Here’s a common question by users of our popular app, Pocket Gettysburg for iPhone/iPad.

“Where can I find the monument to the 83rd New York Infantry?” (for instance)

The easy answer is…

From the opening screen, tap on the “All Monuments” icon on the bottom.

 

From the list of All Monuments, tap on the search icon in the top-right.  Then type “83” in the search field and tap on “Search” in the bottom-right.

 

That gives you a list of three monuments that have “83” in its name.  Tap on the monument to the 83rd New York …

 

…to see the details of that monument, including its photo, inscription, etc. Then tap on “Map” at the bottom… 

 

…to see its place on the battlefield. (Here I happen to have chosen the Hybrid version of the map)

BUT keep in mind that this method searches the MONUMENT list for those monuments that have “83” in their name (i.e., as written on the physical monument).  That will usually work – but if the face of the monument happens to have the name of the regiment spelled out in words or it uses a nickname for the unit, then this method will not find it!

So, for instance, searching the MONUMENT list for “9” will not find the MONUMENT called the “Ninth New York Battery”.

So instead of looking for a monument with a certain name written on it, it is a better to get in the habit of finding the UNIT that you want.  Then with one more click, you can look at the list of the monuments that are connected to that UNIT.

The process is the same as outlined above except that, instead of starting with the list of monuments, you’ll start by searching the list of UNITS.  

From the opening screen, click on “All Units“.

Then when you tap on the Search icon, you’ll be searching for a UNIT (i.e., a regiment) with “83” in its name.  From the list, you’ll choose “83rd New York Infantry” and that will show you all of the details of that unit, including commander(s) at Gettysburg, strengths and losses, armament, nicknames, regimental history, etc.

Notice that the icons at the bottom have now changed and you can click to see the “9 monuments” that are connected to the 83rd New York Infantry.

That process takes an extra step but (1) it doesn’t care what is written on the monument and (2) it has the benefit of also showing you monuments to the regiment’s State, Brigade, Division, and Corps, regardless of what those physical monuments happen to be called.  (Scroll down the list to see all of them.)  You may be surprised to find that Pocket Gettysburg even tells you about a monument to the 83rd NY Inf. (aka the 9th NY State Militia) in downtown New York City.

As before, you can then map the set of monuments … or select one of them and then Map it alone.

The lesson here is that searching for a MONUMENT with a certain name will produce different results than searching for a UNIT with a certain name … and then looking at the monuments that are connected to that unit.

There’s a lot of power under the hood of Pocket Gettysburg.  It just requires you to take a moment to consider carefully what you really want before you start searching.



Deaths at the 1913 Gettysburg Reunion

Described as a “identification tag,” this card was issued to each of the 22,103 veterans from Pennsylvania who attended the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg in 1913. (Some other states issued similar ones to its attending veterans). The veteran was asked to carry it in his pocket “in case of sickness or accident.” The black ribbon betrayed its inevitable purpose, however. For a small number of the elderly veterans, it served as a toe tag.

Nine veterans passed away during the encampment and they are listed below for the sake of researchers.

Joel S. Greenfield
Credit civilwardata.com

This tag was carried by Joel S. Greenfield of Avondale, Pennsylvania. He was born on 13 Oct 1841 in Chester Co., PA, the son of Stephen Greenfield and Sarah Roney. At 20 years old, he enlisted on 11 Aug 1862 as a Private in Co. C, 124th Pennsylvania Infantry. He mustered out 17 May 1863. Then on 29 Jul 1964, he enlisted again in Co. G, 186th Pennsylvania Infantry, mustering out on 15 Aug 1865 in Philadelphia.

Joel S. Greenfield was married at least twice: first to “Susan” with whom he had at least two children, Frank and Alice (m. Nolan); and second to Anna M. Shaw (b. 1845, d. after 1924) with whom he had at least two more children, Berta R. (b. 1882, m. Mapes) and Clara M. (b. 1884, m. Eastburn).

He died of “angina pectoris” (heart disease) on 16 Feb 1924 in Avondale, PA, and is buried in Union Hill Cemetery, Kennett Square, Chester County, Pennsylvania.

 

Veterans Who Died at Gettysburg During the 1913 Reunion Encampment
Quoted as shown in the Report by the Office of Chief Surgeon, United States Army, Headquarters, Eastern Department, Governor’s Island, New York City, 24 October 1913.
Edits by the author’s own research.

John Reynolds member Kimball Post No. 38, N.Y. (Formerly Private Co. “B” 121st, N.Y. Vol. Inf.) Home address: Portchester, N.Y., age 69 years.  Cause of death; acute cardiac dilatation.  Remains forwarded July 1st to W. E. Craft, undertaker, Portchester, N.Y.
Augustus D. Brown late Troop “L” 1st Maine Cavalry, Home address: Livermore Falls, Me.  Age: 73 years.  Died June 29, 1913.  Cause of death: Heart failure.  Remains forwarded July 1st to R. D. Brown, (brother) Livermore Falls, Me.
Otto L. Stamm member Doty Post, G. A. R. (formerly put. 27th Mass. Vol) Hornell, N. Y., home address: Almond, N. Y.  Age 75 years.  Died June 30, 1913. Cause of death: Apoplexy.  Remains forwarded July 2nd to Charles Robinson, Hornell, N. Y.
Edgar Rigsby home address: 243 Iris Ave., Wauwatosa, Wis.  Age: 68 years.  Died June 30th, 1913.  Cause of death: Asthenia.  Remains forwarded to home of deceased on advice from Governor of Wisconsin. (Information as to former organization not obtainable).

Edit: Edgar Bigsby, Co. A, 14th Vermont Infantry.

Landis L. Travis member of Cunnygham Post G. A. R. No. 97.  Home address: Westmoor, Penna.  Age: 68 years. Died: July 2nd, 1913.  Cause of death: Exhaustion. (Died suddenly in Hotel Gettysburg, Gettysburg, Pa., no physician in attendance.)  Remains forwarded to Lewis Knifflin, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., July 3rd, 1913. (Information as to former organization not obtainable.)

Edit: Co. C, 191st PA Inf. and Co. B, 34th PA Inf.

Christopher Yates Home address: 315 Washington street, Latrobe, Pa.  Age: 78 years. Died: July 1st, 1913. Cause of death: Heat prostration.  Remains forwarded to Thomas B. Anderson, Latrobe, Pa., July 2nd, 1913. (Information as to former organization not obtainable.)

Edit: Pvt., Co. I, Griffith’s Independent Militia (3 mos.) and Unassigned Pennsylvania Inf.

George M. Walls late of 5th Penna. Vol. Infty. Home address: Lewisburg, Pa.  Age: 69 years. Died July 3rd, 1913.  Cause of death: Acute Uraemia.  Remains forwarded to William M. Bunnell, Scranton, Pa., July 3rd, 1913.
Henry H. Hodges Home address: Union Hill, Surrey county, N. C.  Age: 70 years. Died: July 5th, 1913.  Cause of death: Cardiac dilatation. Remains forwarded to Mrs. H. H. Hodges, Elkin, N.C. July 6th, 1913. (Information as to former organization not obtainable.)

Edit: Hubbard H. Hodges, Co. C, 21st NC Inf.  Service records are filed under Herbert Hodges and Hubard Hodges. 

Allen D. Albert (Formerly Put. Co. “D” 45th Penna. Vol. Infty.). Home address: 1727 Kilbourne Place, Washington, D.C.  Age: 69 years. Died July 1st, 1913.  Cause of death: Cerebral hemorrhage. Remains forwarded in care of Mr. Fred. Albert, to Arlington, Va., for burial July 2nd, 1913.  This case was handled entirely by the local authorities of Gettysburg.

Author: Bob Velke

Source: “50th Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg: Report of the Pennsylvania Commission” (Harrisburg: Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer, 1915), pg 55-56.



Examples of Enlisted Black Confederates

The question of whether there were black soldiers in the Confederate Army is one of the most heated subjects on Civil War blogs and social media sites.  

Some claim that that there were as many as 90,000 black soldiers in the Confederate army prior to 1865.  This claim, supported by a few posed photos and fleeting historical references to uniformed black soldiers in the Confederate ranks, is frequently offered as “proof” of the so-called “Lost Cause” narrative.  Black soldiers would obviously not have fought for the cause of slavery so the Civil War was clearly about something else (e.g., “states’ rights,” etc.) – or so the argument goes.

Those on the other side of the debate say that black Confederates did not serve voluntarily and that they exclusively took on the roles of “camp slaves” such as laborers, cooks, teamsters, and personal servants. Books have been written on the subject, offering evidence both for and against the existence of black Confederates.

In fact, in my continuing analysis of the National Park Service’s Soldiers and Sailors Database, I have encountered records for 38 men and 2 women in the Confederate Army who are described as “colored” or “negro” and for whom there is an actual Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR), a type of record that was typically reserved for soldiers.  Some of these black Confederates held the official rank of Private and most show evidence that they enlisted, mustered in and/or were paid.

Note that I make no claim that the existence of a CMSR “proves” anything about their service.  While the documents suggest that these black men and women did, in fact, enlist in the Confederate Army, I don’t claim that they necessarily did so voluntarily or that they did any fighting. Most of all, I emphasize that I do NOT consider that this list of 40 individuals is evidence of the much larger “Lost Cause” narrative.

While I realize that the length of this list (or the brevity of it) may be held up by either side of the interminable debate as evidence of their argument, I believe nonetheless that it should be documented for the historical record so I offer it here merely as a matter of scholarship. With that understanding, then, here is my list of enlisted black Confederates.

 

The first four men were recorded as having the rank of Private with an enlistment date and place.  Three of them were in the same regiment:

Name Unit Rank In/Out CMSR
David Anderson Co. F, 29th TN Inf. PVT/PVT File
  “Colored”.  Enlisted 3 Oct 1861 at Camp Henderson for 12 months.
Newton Canon Co. F, 29th TN Inf. PVT/PVT File
  “Col” and “of color”.  Enlisted 3 Oct 1861 at Camp Henderson for 12 months.
Alexander Chance Co. F, 29th TN Inf. PVT/PVT File
  “Col” and “of color”.  Enlisted 3 Oct 1861 at Camp Henderson.
James Farley Co. E, 25th TN Inf. PVT/PVT File
  “Colored”. Age 21; Enlisted on 25 Jul 1861 at Tallahoma for 12 months; Muster-in on 1 Oct 1861 at Camp Myers; “absent on furlough”.

 

These had a Compiled Military Service Record and some even have a record of being paid but are missing a surname, have no rank or a rank that was commonly filled by “camp slaves”, or reflect other characteristics which brings their voluntary “service” into question:

Name Unit Rank In/Out
Solomon Smith Co. A, 10th TX Inf. PVT/PVT
  “Negro”. Although one CMSR card says that he “Appears on a Roster of troops of the Confederate Army captured at Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, Ark., Jan 11, 1863”, the same card describes him as a “negro servant.”
“Felix” Capt. Fenner’s Battery, LA Light Art. PVT/COOK
  “Colored”. Enlisted as a Private on 1 Jul 1862 at Jackson for 2 years; “Last paid” by Maj. Norris on 30 Jun 1863 and by Maj. Atkins on 31 Jul 1863.
“Octave” Capt. Fenner’s Battery, LA Light Art. PVT/COOK
  “Colored”. Enlisted as a Private on 1 Jul 1862 at Jackson for 2 years; “Last paid” by Maj. Norris on 31 Dec 1862 and 30 Jun 1863 and by Maj. Atkins on 31 Aug 1863.
Ned Dubose Jeff Davis AL Art. PVT/
  “Col’d”.  Convalescent on 21 Mar 1862; “Returned to duty” on 23 Apr 1862.
Ansel or Ancel Co. I, 27th SC Inf. DRUM/MUS
  “Col’d”; “Last paid: Dec 31, 1863″ by Capt. Smith.”
John Evans Co. G, 29th TN Inf. LABR/LABR
  “Col’d”; “Enlisted Sep 29, 1861” at Camp Powell for 12 months; “Never paid”.
George Co. B, 7th KY Mounted Inf. COOK/COOK
  “Colored”
Joseph Co. A, 49th VA Inf. CCOK/CCOK
  “Colored”; “Chief Comp. Cook”; “Enlisted on Dec 15, 1863” at Orange.
Amos Lide Co. C, 33rd AR Inf. CCOK/CCOK
  “Negro”; “Enlisted Nov 1, 1863” at Camp Bragg for 3 years or the war.
Stuart Middleton Co. I, 27th SC Inf. DRUM/DRUM
  “Col’d”; “Enlisted on Mar 17, 1862 at Charleston for the war”; “Last paid on Feb 29, 1864” by Maj. Lartique.
James Poisson Co. D, 10th Battl’n NC Heavy Art. MUS/MUS
  “Colored”; “Enlisted on Dec 3, 1863” at New Hanover for the war; “Last paid on Feb 29, 1864”.
Stephen Fenner’s Batt., LA Light Art. COOK/COOK
  “Colored”; “Enlisted on May 8, 1863” in Osyka for 3 years; “Last paid on Aug 31, 1863 by Maj. Atkins. 
Tom Gilchrist’s Co., SC Heavy Art. (Gist Guard) MUS/MUS
  “Negro”; “Enlisted on Apr 2, 1862”; “Last paid on Aug 31, 1862” by Maj. H. H. Smith.
Armstead Paul  Co. H, 22nd VA Inf. CHCK/COOK
  “Col’d”; “Enlisted May 8, 1861” at Kanawha Court House; “Last paid: May 1, 1864”; “Confederate Prisoners of War” paroled Apr 26, 1865. Parole document lists him as a “Priv.”
Sam Co. E, 23rd TX Cav. (Gould’s)  
  “Negro”.
Augustus 20th TN Inf.  
  “Negro”; “Appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War captured at Fairfield, Tenn.. June 27, 1863”.
Green Co. B, 24th TX Cav. (Wilkes’)  
  “Negro”; “Appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War received at Camp Butler, Ill., Jan 31, 1863”; “Negro Liberated”
Nelson Co. B, 24th TX Cav. (Wilkes’)  
  “Negro”; “Appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War received at Camp Butler, Ill., Jan 31, 1863”; “Negro. Liberated”.
Stokes Co. F, Holcombe (Inf.) SC Legion  
  “Col’d”; “Appears on the Regimental Return”; “(Servant) Cook”

 

Finally, while these men and two women had a Compiled Military Service Record, they were specifically described as slaves:

Name Unit Rank In/Out
George 4th GA Cavalry (Clinch’s) COOK/COOK
  “Slave”; aka “W. Gelzer”; “Employed at hospital at Camp Tatnall”; “Last paid: May 15 (1863) by Capt. Fort”
Adam Co. E, 32nd VA Inf. COOK/COOK
  “Slave”; “Enlisted at Bishop’s Farm” for the duration of the war; “Never paid”.
Brahm/Bram/Brom 4th GA Cavalry (Clinch’s) COOK/COOK
  “Slave”; “Employed at hospital at Head Quarters”; “Last paid: Feb 28 (1863) by Capt. Fort”
John Brown/Brook Co. A, 1st Battl’n GA Sharpshooters CHCK/CHCK
  “Colored”; “Chief Cook”; “Enrolled Aug 4, 1862” at Savannah, GA. for 3 years or the war; “Pay due from enlistment”; “Paid Dec 31, 1863” by Capt. (?); “Colored man belonging to Durham”; “Dropped by Order of Major A. Shaaff because of illegal enlistment.”
Charles Gilchrist’s Co., SC Heavy Art. (Gist Guard) MUS/MUS
  “Negro”; “Last paid: Dec 31, 1863”; “Name appears in Column of Names Present Cancelled” (?); “Slave”
Frank Moody 1st Battl’n GA Cav. MUS/MUS
  “Col’d”; “Enlisted Oct 8, (1861)” at Camp Hughes near Darien for 6 months; Last paid: Feb 28, (1862)” by Major S. J. Smith; “Property of M. Moody”. 
John Co. B, 23rd MS Inf. COOK/COOK
  “Slave”; “Enlisted Nov 30, (1862)” near Rocky Ford; and “Enlisted May 1, 1864” at Monterallo, Ala. for 2 years. 
Sampson Co. A,B, 23rd MS Inf. COOK/COOK
  “Slave”; “Enlisted on Nov 30, (1862)” near Rocky Ford; “Enlisted as cook”. 
Thomas Co. F, 32nd VA Inf. COOK/COOK
  “Slave”; “Enlisted Nov 1, 1864”; “Slave with the wagons”.
Carter Burrell/Burwell Co. 2H, 32nd VA Inf. COOK/COOK
  “Slave”; “Enlisted Apr 1, 1864” at Chaffins Farm for 1 year; “Last paid: June 30, 1864” by Capt. McCandlish; “Chief Cook for Company with Regt. wagons”.
Sam Co. H, 7th TX Inf.  
  “Contraband”; “Appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War at Camp Douglas, Ill., Aug 1, 1862”;  “Captured at Donelson on Feb 16, 1862”; “Property J. S. Crawford”.
Georgia 5th GA Cav.  
  “Slave”; “Laundress”; “Attached to Hospital on Dec 1, 1862”; “Last paid on Dec 31, 1862” by Capt. Gowen; “Deserted March 16, 1863”.
Lucy 24th TX Cav. (Wilkes’)  
  “Slave”; “Appears on the Hospital Muster Roll”; “Enlisted on Oct 1, 1862 for one month”; “How employed: Matron”
Nathan Co. H, 7th TX Inf.  
  “Slave”; “Property of J. H. Craig”; “Contraband”; “Appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War received at Camp Douglas, Ill., Aug 1, 1862”; “Captured Donelson on Feb 16, (1862)”; “Remarks: Enlisted”. 
Samuel 19th TN Cav. (Biffle’s)  
  “Slave”; “Appears on a Receipt Roll for Pay for 2 Qr., 1864”; “Occupation: Cook”; “Period of Service: Apr 1, 1864 to Apr 30, 1864”; “Rate of Pay: $20/00 per mo.”; “Signature: W. B. Embrey”. (Service card within Embrey’s CMSR).
Dreu Scott Co. B, 50th TN Inf. SRVT/SRVT
  “Col’d”; “Joined for duty and enrolled” on 20 Sep 1861; “Colored servant of Co.”
T. or George Geelzer 4th GA Cav. (Clinch’s) COOK/COOK
  “Slave”; “Appears on Hospital Muster Roll”; “Last paid: May 15, (1863)” by Captain. Fort; “Employed at Hospital at Camp Tatnall”; “W. Gelzer owner”


Analysis of the Soldiers & Sailors Database

The National Park Service maintains the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) which is a database of the men who served in the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War. 

In the context of a larger project, I wondered how many soldiers served from each state so I did a geographic analysis of that database.1  I share it here for the sake of researchers.

One or more Union regiments were organized in every state and territory of the country (north and south), including the Dakota Territory and Washington D.C.  A Union regiment was even organized in the stridently-secessionist state of South Carolina.  (The 1st South Carolina Infantry, U.S.-Colored, later became the 33rd U.S. Colored Troops).  Confederate regiments were only organized in southern or border states. 

It bears repeating that this analysis is of the records in the popular NPS database.  The Soldiers and Sailors system does not purport to be complete nor even to reflect unique soldiers.2 Even with those stipulations, however, the table may offer some interesting insights.

For the sake of curiosity, this table is followed by a list of the most common individual regiments in the two armies.

Distribution by State/Territory  

Name Union Confed. Total Percent U/C3 Rank U/C4
Alabama 2,842 197,427 200,269 1.4/98.6 37/3
Arkansas 12,946 108,020 120,966 10.7/89.3 31/10
Arizona 655 271 926 70.7/29.3 44/16
California 21,405 0 21,405 100/0 27/0
Colorado 8,461 0 8,461 100/0 33/0
Connecticut 65,220 0 65,220 100/0 17/0
Delaware 16,223 0 16,223 100/0 28/0
Dakota Territory 269 0 269 100/0 45/0
Florida 2,199 35,245 37,444 5.9/94.1 40/14
Georgia 195 244,812 245,007 0.1/99.9 46/2
Iowa 97,165 0 97,165 100/0 14/0
Illinois 370,624 0 370,624 100/0 4/0
Indiana 277,220 0 277,220 100/0 5/0
Kansas 40,281 0 40,281 100/0 24/0
Kentucky 108,074 51,605 159,679 67.7/32.3 12/13
Louisiana 14,686 128,256 142,942 10.3/89.7 29/9
Massachusetts 164,434 0 164,434 100/0 8/0
Maryland 53,557 6089 59,646 89.8/10.2 19/15
Maine 83,289 0 83,289 100/0 16/0
Michigan 142,969 0 142,969 100/0 9/0
Minnesota 30,972 0 30,972 100/0 25/0
Missouri 195,303 70,691 265,994 73.4/26.6 7/12
Mississippi 903 173,935 174,838 0.5/99.5 43/6
North Carolina 5,217 197,314 202,531 2.6/97.4 35/4
Nebraska 5,275 0 5,275 100/0 34/0
New Hampshire 45,616 0 45,616 100/0 22/0
New Jersey 96,901 0 96,901 100/0 15/0
New Mexico 12,970 0 12,970 100/0 30/0
Nevada 1,684 0 1,684 100/0 41/0
New York 512,150 0 512,150 100/0 1/0
Ohio 464,270 0 464,270 100/0 3/0
Oregon 2,754 0 2,754 100/0 38/0
Pennsylvania 508,215 0 508,215 100/0 2/0
Rhode Island 26,497 0 26,497 100/0 26/0
South Carolina 93 133,602 133,695 0.1/99.9 48/8
Tennessee 54,086 195,805 249,891 21.6/78.4 18/5
Texas 4,370 159,031 163,401 2.7/97.3 36/7
Utah 96 0 96 100/0 47/0
Virginia 2,598 281,205 283,803 0.9/99.1 39/1
Vermont 43,663 0 43,663 100/0 23/0
Washington 1,524 0 1,524 100/0 42/0
Washington DC 10,607 0 10,607 100/0 32/0
Wisconsin 127,558 0 127,558 100/0 11/0
West Virginia 47,334 0 47,334 100/0 21/0
Total States & Territories 3,683,370 1,983,308 5,666,678 65/35  

Other Organizations
Confederate Regular Troops 0 80,552 80,552 0/100 0/11
U.S. Regular Army 139,441 0 139,441 100/0 10/0
U.S. Colored Troops 228,003 0 228,003 100/0 6/0
Pioneer Brigade 48,401 0 48,401 100/0 20/0
Veteran Reserve Corps 107,563 0 107,563 100/0 13/0
Grand Total 4,206,778 2,063,860 6,270,638 67.1/32.9  

 

The following table reflects the 20 most common state organizations in the Soldiers and Sailors database for the Union and Confederate armies.  (Click on a link to read more about that unit.)

Rank   Union5 Count   Confederate6 Count
1. 3rd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery 8536 Hilliard’s Legion, Alabama Volunteers 4453
2. 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (112th Volunteers) 8032 Waul’s Texas Legion 4388
3. 1st Missouri Light Artillery 6246 2nd Regiment, Mississippi Infantry 4127
4. 5th New York Heavy Artillery 6218 6th Alabama Infantry 4004
5. 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry (65th Volunteers) 6183 1st Georgia Infantry (Olmstead’s) 3969
6. 2nd Missouri Light Artillery 6178 1st Alabama Infantry 3852
7. 1st Michigan Cavalry 5947 5th Alabama Infantry 3826
8. 1st New Jersey Cavalry 5863 2nd North Carolina Artillery 3816
9. 1st Michigan Light Artillery 5815 62nd Virginia Mounted Infantry 3713
10. 1st Illinois Light Artillery 5660 3rd Alabama Infantry 3515
11. 4th New York Heavy Artillery 5562 13th Texas Volunteers 3500
12. 1st Ohio Light Artillery 5339 1st South Carolina Artillery 3460
13. 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery 5250 Cobb’s Legion, Georgia 3390
14. 2nd New York Heavy Artillery 5189 1st Mississippi Light Artillery 3357
15. 5th Ohio Cavalry 5175 22nd North Carolina Infantry 3311
16. 8th Michigan Cavalry 5161 17th Alabama Infantry 3307
17. 20th Massachusetts Infantry 5150 1st Louisiana Heavy Artillery (Regulars) 3303
18. 2nd Illinois Light Artillery 5097 1st North Carolina Artillery 3284
19. 6th New York Heavy Artillery 5089 8th Alabama Infantry 3282
20. 3rd New York Light Artillery 5018 9th Mississippi Infantry 3261



Notes: 

1. This analysis includes only the soldiers database. Despite it being called the “Soldiers and Sailors System,” the sailors part of the NPS’ database includes (at this writing) only African-American sailors, a small percentage of the Union and Confederate navies.  Also, the sailors were mustered into service directly by the Union and Confederate governments, not by state, so a geographic analysis of this type is not possible.  A future post may analyze the sailors in the database by the state of their birth. 

2. The records of some soldiers, especially Confederate ones, are missing altogether from the Soldiers and Sailors database. Some duplication is also known to exist, especially insofar as soldiers were mustered into service with more than one regiment over the course of the war.  And by definition, the Veteran Reserve Corps, was made up of men who are also represented elsewhere on the table so it is isolated from the other counts in the table. 

3. The “Percent U/C” column represents the percent of the total for each state (Union/Confederate). So, for instance, 1.4% of Alabama soldiers were in a Union regiment while 98.6% of them were in a Confederate regiment (i.e., “1.4/98.6”). 

4. The “Rank U/C” reflects the ranked order of each state within its respective government with 1 being the most populated.  So Alabama is the state with the 37th highest number of Union soldiers and the 3rd highest number of Confederate soldiers (i.e., “37/3”). 

5. Excludes “2nd Battalion, Veteran Reserve Corps” (34,574), “Unassigned Veteran Reserve Corps” (14,675), “US Army (Regular Army)” (11,539), and “14th US Infantry (Regular Army)” (6,576). 

6. Excludes “General and Staff Officers, Non-Regimental Enlisted Men” (22,574).  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Author Index to the Bachelder Papers

A recent post by Randy Drais in his excellent Battle of Gettysburg Buff e-newsletter (randydrais@gmail.com) mentioned that he found my transcription of the 1860 Federal Census of Gettysburg to be useful.  This blog also had two posts (here and here) in which I analyzed that census with respect to age, sex, race, occupation, place of birth, estate value, and other factors.

At about the same time that I did that project (when I apparently had a lot of free time on my hands), I created an author index to the Bachelder Papers. For those who may not be familiar with this series, it is a 3-volume set in which historian John B. Bachelder printed his correspondence back and forth with various Civil War veterans.

The full citation is “The Bachelder Papers: Gettysburg in Their Own Words”, 3 vols. (Dayton: Morningside Bookshop, 1994-95).

Many of his correspondents (mostly officers, both Union and Confederate) gave their first-hand accounts of the battle in what has been described as “perhaps the most significant publication on the battle of Gettysburg produced since the Gettysburg volumes of the Official Records of the War of the Rebellion.”

As fascinating as the series is, it suffers greatly from the lack of a cumulative index across the three volumes and one which distinguishes authors from other times that a person is mentioned in a letter. So it could be a lot of work to find a first-hand account from a particular officer.

My index has two parts. It is first sorted by author’s name. But then the second section (starting on Page 10) is sorted by Order of Battle. So you can easily find all of the Bachelder letters from members of a specific regiment, brigade, division or corps.

Note that my index doesn’t include every reference to every person that is mentioned in the letters – only the authors of those letters.

You can download my “Author Index to the Bachelder Papers” here.



Gettysburg at Andersonville

Andersonville Prison

Andersonville Prison today. (Credit: NPS)

Of the 5369 Union soldiers that were reported “missing or captured” at the Battle of Gettysburg[1],  most of the captured were processed through Libby Prison in Richmond and then Belle Island on the James River.  At least 303 of them eventually found themselves at the notorious Andersonville Prison in Georgia.  The Andersonville records are incomplete, however, so that number may be higher.[2]

Of the 107 New York soldiers captured at Gettysburg and incarcerated at Andersonville, only 2 survived until 1914 and attended the dedication of that State’s monument. They received a medal which is the subject of a separate blog post here.

Those 303 soldiers were of ages ranging from 17 to 42 and represented 68 different regiments from 12 States: IL (6), IN (7), MA (19), MD (1), ME (3), MI (24), NH (8), NY (107), OH (25), PA (50), VT (8), and WI (45).

There were 243 Privates, 30 Corporals, 23 Sergeants, 3 Musicians, 1 Farrier, 1 Teamster, 1 Wagoner, and 1 First Lieutenant.

Most (202) had been captured on the first day at Gettysburg, while 69 were captured on July 2nd, 25 on July 3rd, and 7 on July 4th.

Those 303 soldiers are listed below for the sake of researchers.

Special thanks to Kevin Frye, Andersonville Historian, for help with these records.  Kevin may have more information about a soldier that you find listed here so I encourage researchers to contact him on his Andersonville Facebook Page or at andersonvillehistorian@gmail.com.

Orange J. Abbey, Jr. Corp., Co. H, 154th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/16/1864; Grave 2038.
Abraham Ackley Pvt., Co. F, 24th MI Inf.; Age 36; Cap. July 1st.
Alvin B. Adams Pvt., Co. G, 16th MA Inf.; Age 23; Cap. July 2nd; Died 10/22/1864; Grave 11286.
John Agan Pvt., Co. A, 7th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/10/1864; Grave 5247.
Edward S. Allen Pvt., Co. H, 2nd NH Inf.; Age 26; Cap. July 2nd; Died 3/9/1864; Grave 29.
William H. Allen Pvt., Co. G, 4th MI Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 2nd.
Sanford Alsever Pvt., Co. H, 147th NY Inf.; Age 25; Cap. July 1st; Died 9/3/1864; Grave 7739.
Henry Alter Corp., Co. A, 82nd IL Inf.; Age 29; Cap. July 1st.
Alois Altman Pvt., Co. E, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
John G. Ames Sgt., Co. F, 2nd NH Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd; Died 3/8/1864; Grave 26.
James H. Armstrong Sgt., Co. H, 75th OH Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd.
Obed S. Ashmore Pvt., Co. H, 4th MI Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 2nd.
John Aubin Pvt., Co. A, 97th NY Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 1st; Died 11/25/1864.
Richard Augustus Pvt., Co. D, 52nd NY Inf.; Age 29; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/11/1864.
Eseck P. Bacon Pvt., Co. B, 154th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st; Died 4/26/1864; Grave 754.
James P. Bacon Pvt., Co. E, 154th NY Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 1st; Died 9/18/1864; Grave 9101.
George W. Bailey Pvt., Co. G, 154th NY Inf.; Age 31; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/15/1864; Grave 5697.
Joseph Bartley Pvt., Co. H, 75th OH Inf.; Age 38; Cap. July 2nd; Died 5/9/1864.
George D. Bassett Corp., Co. D, 154th NY Inf.; Age 26; Cap. July 1st.
James H. Bates Pvt., Co. A, 97th NY Inf.; Age 20; Cap. July 1st; Died 4/13/1864; Grave 530.
John Baumeister Corp., Co. I, 54th NY Inf.; Age 33; Cap. July 1st; Died 4/10/1864; Grave 474.
Baltis Baumgartner Pvt., Co. K, 2nd WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/15/1864; Grave 2009.
John Beck Pvt., Co. H, 97th NY Inf.; Age 26; Cap. July 3rd; Died 7/30/1864; Grave 4302.
David S. Bell Pvt., Co. D, 80th NY Inf.; Age 27; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/13/1864; Grave 3267.
Stephan A. Benesteel Pvt., Co. G, 80th NY Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/19/1864; Grave 3606.
Stephen A. Benesteel Pvt., Co. C, 80th NY Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/19/1864.
Friedrich Berger Pvt., Co. C, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
John Bippes Pvt., Co. A, 107th OH Inf.; Age 20; Cap. July 1st.
Adoniram J. Blakely Pvt., Co. B, 14th VT Inf.; Cap. July 3rd.
William H. Blanchard Pvt., Co. C, 4th MI Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 2nd.
William H. Bonstein Corp., Co. I, 107th OH Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/14/1864; Grave 5653.
Franz Boshen Pvt., Co. C, 54th NY Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/11/1864; Grave 3165.
James B. Bowker Pvt., Co. H, 12th MA Inf.; Age 17; Cap. July 1st.
J. Wellington Boynton Pvt., Co. F, 157th NY Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st.
John Branhan Pvt., Co. F, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 29; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/8/1864; Grave 952.
John Braun Sgt., Co. E, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Louis Braun Pvt., Co. D, 52nd NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 2nd.
Adolph Bregler Pvt., Co. C, 27th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 4/8/1864; Grave 427.
Edward L. Briggs Pvt., Co. I, 6th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
William H. Briggs Pvt., Co. C, 104th NY Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st; Died 9/8/1864; Grave 8116.
Martin B. Brockway Pvt., Co. B, 4th MI Inf.; Age 26; Cap. July 2nd.
Harvey Brown Farr., Co. I, 1st IN Cav.; Cap. July 1st; Died 9/25/1864; Grave 9708.
Wilbur F. Brown Pvt., Co. B, 2nd NH Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd; Died 8/26/1864; Grave 6871.
William Bruske Pvt., Co. E, 24th MI Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st; Died 2/11/1865.
Newell Burch Corp., Co. E, 154th NY Inf.; Age 20; Cap. July 1st.
Henry F. Burgess Pvt., Co. H, 16th MA Inf.; Age 27; Cap. July 2nd; Died 7/21/1864; Grave 3699.
Isaac Burnham Sgt., Co. I, 12th MA Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/13/1864; Grave 5540.
Ephriam Bush Pvt., Co. D, 80th NY Inf.; Age 28; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/22/1864; Grave 6457.
David W. Cahill Pvt., Co. E, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 1st.
Lewis R. Campbell Pvt., Co. B, 104th NY Inf.; Age 30; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/7/1864; Grave 946.
Milo W. Carpenter Corp., Co. D, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 25; Cap. July 1st; Died 3/4/1864; Grave 5.
Milo W. Carpenter Corp., Co. D, 92nd OH Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/4/1864.
William Carter Pvt., Co. H, 139th PA Inf.; Cap. July 3rd; Died 3/14/1864; Grave 45.
James A. Castle Pvt., Co. H, 147th NY Inf.; Age 29; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/10/1864; Grave 1785.
Calvin T. Chamberlain Pvt., Co. H, 154th NY Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/16/1864; Grave 5860.
George Chapman Pvt., Co. H, 75th OH Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd; Died 5/6/1864; Grave 911.
John Chapman Pvt., Co. G, 2nd WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/29/1864; Grave 2663.
Harvey Chisholm Pvt., Co. H, 150th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/18/1864; Grave 1186.
John Christiansen Pvt., Co. I, 82nd IL Inf.; Age 29; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/26/1864; Grave 6935.
Joseph Colby Pvt., Co. A, 12th MA Inf.; Age 23; Cap. July 1st.
Benjamin S. Cole Pvt., Co. A, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 23; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/18/1864; Grave 3541.
Hugh Coyle Pvt., Co. F, 8th PA Cav.; Cap. July 4th; Died 6/24/1864; Grave 2399.
Jesse A. Crapser Pvt., Co. E, 134th NY Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 1st; Died 4/3/1864; Grave 334.
John Crisp Pvt., Co. I, 19th IN Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Ira M. Cross Pvt., Co. G, 16th MA Inf.; Age 27; Cap. July 2nd; Died 3/6/1864; Grave 15.
John Daley Pvt., Co. F, 28th MA Inf.; Age 28; Cap. July 3rd; Died 4/28/1864; Grave 787.
Harrison Davidson Pvt., Co. D, 57th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd; Died 3/25/1864; Grave 152.
James Dever Sgt., Co. F, 19th IN Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 9/19/1864; Grave 9236.
Jacob S. Diehl 1Lt., Co. C, 71st PA Inf.; Cap. July 3rd.
Carl Dieterich Wag., Co. F, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Henirich Dieterich Pvt., Co. F, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Abraham Dock Pvt., Co. F, 6th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 4/6/1865.
Chrisopher Dolan Corp., Co. F, 8th PA Cav.; Cap. July 4th; Died 7/9/1864; Grave 3079.
Thomas Donahue Pvt., Co. A, 1st VT Cav.; Cap. July 3rd.
John Donovan Pvt., Co. C, 19th MA Inf.; Age 32; Cap. July 2nd.
John Eagan Pvt., Co. D, 125th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 3rd; Died 7/1/1864; Grave 2728.
Harvey I. Earl Pvt., Co. H, 154th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/25/1864; Grave 2443.
Newman A. Eastick Pvt., Co. G, 4th MI Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd; Died 4/27/1865.
John Eckstein Pvt., Co. E, 52nd NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st.
James H. Edwards Mus., Co. I, 19th IN Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/6/1864; Grave 917.
James Elliott Pvt., Co. D, 69th PA Inf.; Cap. July 3rd; Died 7/2/1864; Grave 2794.
William H. Ellis Pvt., Co. F, 119th NY Inf.; Age 20; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/15/1864; Grave 1107.
John A. Emerson Pvt., Co. E, 2nd NH Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd.
Granville S. Evens Pvt., Co. I, 1st IN Cav.; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/6/1864; Grave 916.
Danforth Fairbanks Pvt., Co. A, 154th NY Inf.; Age 23; Cap. July 1st.
Edward L. Farmer Pvt., Co. H, 14th VT Inf.; Cap. July 3rd; Died 5/1/1864; Grave 821.
Richard Farrington Pvt., Co. K, 57th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd.
Jacob Fehr Pvt., Co. F, 134th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 1st.
John W. Ferris Pvt., Co. A, 80th NY Inf.; Age 25; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/6/1864; Grave 1660.
Gilbert E. Fisk Pvt., Co. C, 1st VT Cav.; Cap. July 3rd; Died 3/25/1864.
William Fitcher Pvt., Co. A, 82nd IL Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st.
Job P. Flagg Pvt., Co. B, 19th ME Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd; Died 8/10/1864; Grave 5243.
William Folk Pvt., Co. D, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/14/1864; Grave 5626.
Jonathan S. Foor Pvt., Co. H, 107th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
George W. Fortney Pvt., Co. C, 7th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 3/12/1864; Grave 36.
Edward Frey Pvt., Co. H, 82nd IL Inf.; Age 25; Cap. July 1st.
Albert Frisbie Pvt., Co. G, 12th MA Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st; Died 9/8/1864.
Uriah Fritz Pvt., Co. F, 142nd PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 10/21/1864.
George Fry Sgt., Co. H, 150th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/13/1864.
Henry Fryover Pvt., Co. A, 157th NY Inf.; Age 30; Cap. July 1st.
William R. Fuller Pvt., Co. E, 4th MI Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 2nd.
Orange C. Gardner Pvt., Co. C, 104th NY Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/24/1864; Grave 1323.
William W. Garland Pvt., Co. K, 6th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Philip Gaubatz Corp., Co. F, 6th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Leander Gavett Pvt., Co. G, 134th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/10/1864; Grave 5270.
Henry Geisner Pvt., Co. B, 119th NY Inf.; Age 24; Cap. July 1st.
Christian Gerber Pvt., Co. A, 107th OH Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st.
Frank Gett Pvt., Co. E, 82nd NY Inf.; Age 20; Cap. July 2nd.
John H. Gettings Pvt., Co. C, 42nd PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/28/1864; Grave 2587.
Almon L. Gile Sgt., Co. C, 154th NY Inf.; Age 23; Cap. July 1st; Died 9/10/1864; Grave 8317.
Bently J. Goheen Pvt., Co. F, 150th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/13/1864.
Henry Goodman Pvt., Co. I, 27th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/13/1864; Grave 1063.
Franklin L. Goodrich Pvt., Co. B, 154th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/8/1864; Grave 3042.
Erastus Gould Pvt., Co. C, 104th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/6/1864; Grave 2962.
Alfred Gracey Sgt., Co. H, 107th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
James A. Gracey Pvt., Co. H, 107th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Thomas Graham Pvt., Co. K, 108th NY Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd.
N. J. Grampy Pvt., Co. B, 52nd NY Inf.; Age 25; Cap. July 2nd; Died 9/30/1864; Grave 10093.
William T. Graves Pvt., Co. H, 80th NY Inf.; Age 20; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/5/1864; Grave 4787.
Othnial Green Pvt., Co. G, 154th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/10/1864; Grave 5202.
Charles Gutland Pvt., Co. K, 134th NY Inf.; Age 28; Cap. July 1st.
Charles Hadden Pvt., Co. B, 80th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st; Died 9/9/1864; Grave 8275.
Michael Hasler Pvt., Co. C, 119th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st; Died 9/14/1864; Grave 8758.
William H. Hatch Pvt., Co. H, 124th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 2nd; Died 7/8/1864.
Simeon Haun Pvt., Co. B, 57th PA Inf.; Cap. July 3rd.
Stephen R. Havens Sgt., Co. A, 104th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/5/1864; Grave 4814.
John C. Hayes Corp., Co. A, 104th NY Inf.; Age 28; Cap. July 1st.
William T. Hazelett Pvt., Co. K, 107th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Carl Held Pvt., Co. H, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 4/1/1864; Grave 303.
Reinholt Hengstler Pvt., Co. F, 5th MI Cav.; Age 25; Cap. July 3rd; Died 4/11/1864; Grave 487.
Franklin C. Hermance Corp., Co. A, 80th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/10/1864; Grave 3119.
Friedrich Hirsch Pvt., Co. I, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Leonard B. Holmes Sgt., Co. I, 12th MA Inf.; Age 29; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/5/1864; Grave 4816.
Asmus Holtz Pvt., Co. C, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/2/1864; Grave 4570.
Anton Holzschun Mus., Co. F, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
William Homan Pvt., Co. I, 57th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 2nd.
Henry C. Hornbecker Pvt., Co. H, 107th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Samuel W. Houlton Pvt., Co. B, 1st MI Inf.; Age 23; Cap. July 2nd; Died 4/4/1864; Grave 337.
Leander W. Howell Pvt., Co. M, 1st MI Cav.; Age 21; Cap. July 4th; Died 6/5/1864; Grave 1625.
Tobias Illy Pvt., Co. C, 27th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/27/1864; Grave 1401.
Joshua G. Jackman Pvt., Co. B, 104th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/20/1864; Grave 3660.
Thomas James Pvt., Co. B, 57th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd.
James T. Johnson Pvt., Co. A, 104th NY Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st.
Evan Jones Pvt., Co. F, 134th NY Inf.; Age 40; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/20/1864; Grave 3650.
John W. Jones Pvt., Co. E, 2nd NH Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd; Died 11/1/1864.
Joseph Jordan Pvt., Co. E, 54th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 1st.
Konrad Kaeppel Pvt., Co. A, 82nd IL Inf.; Age 33; Cap. July 1st; Died 9/29/1864; Grave 10026.
Harry B. Kasson Corp., Co. C, 2nd NH Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 2nd; Died 8/12/1864; Grave 5444.
Charles H. Kelley Pvt., Co. H, 71st PA Inf.; Cap. July 3rd; Died 3/1/1864; Grave 2.
Herman Kellner Pvt., Co. F, 6th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Samuel L. Kellough Pvt., Co. A, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 29; Cap. July 1st.
James F. Kelly Pvt., Co. K, 69th PA Inf.; Cap. July 3rd.
Newton Kerr Pvt., Co. C, 104th NY Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st.
August Kessler Sgt., Co. C, 54th NY Inf.; Age 29; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/15/1864.
Jesse Kinner Pvt., Co. C, 1st MI Cav.; Age 24; Cap. July 3rd; Died 9/19/1864; Grave 9254.
William Knarr Pvt., Co. G, 143rd PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Joseph Koenig Pvt., Co. F, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Nicolaus Kongen Pvt., Co. C, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Albert Kraft Pvt., Co. C, 54th NY Inf.; Age 24; Cap. July 1st.
Otto Krebs Pvt., Co. H, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Bernhard Krotch Pvt., Co. A, 107th OH Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/15/1864.
Anton Kuhnel Sgt., Co. F, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Charles Larimer Pvt., Co. E, 149th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Daniel Leahy Pvt., Co. I, 82nd NY Inf.; Age 42; Cap. July 2nd; Died 3/13/1864; Grave 41.
Gottlieb Link Pvt., Co. K, 54th NY Inf.; Age 37; Cap. July 1st; Died 3/12/1864; Grave 38.
Carl Littleswab Corp., Co. K, 82nd IL Inf.; Age 27; Cap. July 1st.
Abel Lobdell Pvt., Co. A, 97th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st.
Jonathan M. Locke Pvt., Co. E, 57th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd.
Jefferson Mace Pvt., Co. I, 134th NY Inf.; Age 20; Cap. July 1st; Died 3/12/1864; Grave 37.
Wilhelm Maiers Pvt., Co. C, 54th NY Inf.; Age 27; Cap. July 2nd; Died 7/5/1864; Grave 2896.
Nelson Mason Pvt., Co. I, 111th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 2nd.
Sigmund Matrony Pvt., Co. D, 27th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd.
Alfred Matteson Pvt., Co. H, 154th NY Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Henry C. Mattice Pvt., Co. E, 134th NY Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/17/1864; Grave 2100.
Francis Mayers Sgt., Co. H, 27th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/22/1864; Grave 2333.
James McGovern Pvt., Co. K, 22nd MA Inf.; Age 35; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/15/1864; Grave 1984.
John McIntire Pvt., Co. H, 1st VT Cav.; Cap. July 3rd; Died 6/17/1864; Grave 2088.
Edward L. McKeever Sgt., Co. F, 71st PA Inf.; Cap. July 3rd; Died 4/25/1864; Grave 735.
George Menger Pvt., Co. D, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Stanley G. Merrill Pvt., Co. I, 104th NY Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 1st.
Frederick Meyer Pvt., Co. G, 45th NY Inf.; Age 36; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/10/1864; Grave 3134.
Elijah Mills Corp., Co. E, 7th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 10/2/1864; Grave 10213.
John Missel Pvt., Co. C, 72nd NY Inf.; Age 40; Cap. July 2nd.
Christopher Moegling Pvt., Co. A, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
David Moylan Pvt., Co. F, 82nd NY Inf.; Age 25; Cap. July 2nd.
Michael L. Murphy Pvt., Co. K, 12th MA Inf.; Age 23; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/6/1864; Grave 1682.
Edmond Myers Pvt., Co. D, 154th NY Inf.; Age 31; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/26/1864; Grave 1384.
Phillip Neumann Pvt., Co. F, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Andrew S. Nichols Pvt., Co. C, 2nd NH Inf.; Age 35; Cap. July 2nd; Died 6/21/1864; Grave 2258.
Anton Nolde Pvt., Co. A, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Alonzo Norton Pvt., Co. A, 154th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 1st; Died 3/7/1864; Grave 17.
Heinrich Nubel Pvt., Co. K, 54th NY Inf.; Age 27; Cap. July 1st.
William O’Brien Pvt., Co. H, 1st VT Cav.; Cap. July 3rd; Died 4/23/1864; Grave 704.
John O’Neil Sgt., Co. F, 69th PA Inf.; Cap. July 3rd; Died 6/13/1864; Grave 1897.
Abram J. Oliver Pvt., Co. D, 19th IN Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 9/5/1864; Grave 7863.
George W. Olney Pvt., Co. A, 4th MI Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 2nd; Died 6/21/1864; Grave 2267.
Michael Orth Pvt., Co. K, 27th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/11/1864.
William Osterstuck Pvt., Co. I, 154th NY Inf.; Age 29; Cap. July 1st; Died 3/5/1864; Grave 12.
Charles P. Parker Corp., Co. I, 4th ME Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 2nd.
Samuel W. Parks Pvt., Co. G, 6th OH Cav.; Age 18; Cap. July 4th; Died 9/18/1864; Grave 9111.
George D. Paul Corp., Co. A, 4th MI Inf.; Age 30; Cap. July 2nd.
Albert L. Peek Pvt., Co. E, 57th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd; Died 3/8/1864.
Warren B. Persons Pvt., Co. D, 64th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 3rd; Died 7/9/1864; Grave 3082.
Charles Pfiefer Corp., Co. I, 27th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/14/1864; Grave 1098.
Samuel Poor Corp., Co. H, 2nd NH Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 2nd; Died 4/30/1864; Grave 819.
George G. Porter Sgt., Co. C, 57th PA Inf.; Age 23; Cap. July 2nd; Died 11/1/1864.
Anson David Price Pvt., Co. A, 154th NY Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/14/1864; Grave 1096.
John Probst Corp., Co. B, 52nd NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 2nd; Died 7/7/1864; Grave 2997.
Henry Radford Pvt., Co. H, 119th NY Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st.
Dean W. Reed Pvt., Co. H, 1st VT Cav.; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/13/1864; Grave 1888.
Henry Rensimer Pvt., Co. G, 2nd WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/20/1864; Grave 3624.
George M. Richards Pvt., Co. I, 16th MI Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 4th; Died 8/6/1864; Grave 4918.
William Richter Pvt., Co. I, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Henry W. Rintelmann Sgt., Co. A, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
William H. Rintelmann Pvt., Co. A, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Allen L. Robbins Corp., Co. K, 154th NY Inf.; Age 38; Cap. July 1st; Died 3/8/1864; Grave 27.
Lewis Roberts Pvt., Co. F, 13th MA Inf.; Age 24; Cap. July 1st; Died 1/22/1865; Grave 12505.
William H. Robinson Pvt., Co. F, 134th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/23/1864; Grave 2346.
William E. Rockwell Pvt., Co. H, 134th NY Inf.; Age 30; Cap. July 1st.
Henry Roose Pvt., Co. C, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 23; Cap. July 1st.
Joseph Rosiwahl Pvt., Co. I, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
David F. Roush Pvt., Co. A, 107th OH Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/5/1864; Grave 908.
William H. Rugg Pvt., Co. F, 12th MA Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st.
Christian Rumpel Pvt., Co. E, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
John Parker Sargent Pvt., Co. C, 4th MI Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 2nd.
George Sauerbeck Pvt., Co. A, 52nd NY Inf.; Age 35; Cap. July 3rd; Died 5/23/1864; Grave 1319.
Conrad Schaster Pvt., Co. C, 54th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/25/1864; Grave 2462.
John Schauss Pvt., Co. A, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Anton Schieffeneder Mus., Co. A, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Franz Schimeck Pvt., Co. F, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
John J. Schlosser Corp., Co. F, 7th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 3/19/1864; Grave 68.
Joseph Scholz Sgt., Co. A, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Neil Schools Pvt., Co. K, 27th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/21/1864; Grave 2259.
Peter Schwartz Corp., Co. I, 27th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/7/1864; Grave 4945.
Allen Scott Pvt., Co. H, 150th PA Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/1/1864; Grave 2725.
William Scrivner Pvt., Co. B, 80th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 1st; Died 5/13/1864; Grave 1070.
John W. Seabrook Pvt., Co. B, 157th NY Inf.; Age 20; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/23/1864; Grave 2374.
John Sears Pvt., Co. F, 119th NY Inf.; Age 23; Cap. July 1st.
William H. Seavey Pvt., Co. A, 12th MA Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st; Died 9/3/1864; Grave 7707.
Clark Severance Pvt., Co. H, 139th PA Inf.; Cap. July 3rd; Died 5/19/1864; Grave 1216.
John Shaffer Pvt., Co. F, 57th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd.
James Sharp Pvt., Co. D, 57th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd; Died 12/25/1864.
John H. Sharp Pvt., Co. G, 2nd WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/30/1864; Grave 4343.
William Shaw Pvt., Co. B, 140th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd; Died 7/7/1864; Grave 2982.
Heinrich Shelp Pvt., Co. D, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Thomas H. Shepard Pvt., Co. I, 1st MI Cav.; Age 35; Cap. July 3rd.
Samuel K. Shindle Sgt., Co. K, 140th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd; Died 5/15/1864; Grave 1114.
John Sholl Pvt., Co. D, 54th NY Inf.; Age 28; Cap. July 1st; Died 6/25/1864; Grave 2441.
Dexter Smith Pvt., Co. G, 12th MA Inf.; Age 25; Cap. July 1st; Died 4/1/1864.
Horace B. Smith Sgt., Co. B, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 20; Cap. July 1st; Died 3/14/1864; Grave 44.
James Smith Team., Co. D, 5th NY Cav.; Cap. July 3rd; Died 7/12/1864; Grave 3238.
John Adam Smith Corp., Co. K, 154th NY Inf.; Age 31; Cap. July 1st.
William E. Smith Pvt., Co. A, 104th NY Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st; Died 4/14/1864; Grave 532.
William H. Smith Pvt., Co. B, 12th MA Inf.; Age 39; Cap. July 1st; Died 3/25/1864; Grave 154.
Thomas E. Snowdeal Pvt., Co. C, 19th ME Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd; Died 6/10/1864; Grave 1782.
Charles W. Snyder Pvt., Co. F, 104th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st.
Charles W. Snyder Pvt., Co. F, 104th NY Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Edward Sorgen Pvt., Co. G, 4th OH Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd.
David C. Spears Pvt., Co. B, 104th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st.
Harris H. Spinney Corp., Co. H, 12th MA Inf.; Age 28; Cap. July 1st.
Moritz Spitzer Pvt., Co. B, 54th NY Inf.; Age 22; Cap. July 1st.
William O. Spoor Pvt., Co. B, 1st VT Cav.; Cap. July 3rd; Died 4/20/1864; Grave 648.
Lorin T. Stanton Pvt., Co. D, 134th NY Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st.
John Steffen Pvt., Co. H, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
George Stockhoff Pvt., Co. I, 19th IN Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/17/1864; Grave 5977.
Albert Storey Pvt., Co. G, 26th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Abraham Storms Pvt., Co. K, 4th MI Inf.; Cap. July 2nd.
Melvin H. Storms Pvt., Co. D, 24th MI Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st.
Oliver E. Stringham Pvt., Co. D, 154th NY Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 1st.
Luther Sweetser Pvt., Co. E, 16th MA Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd; Died 8/11/1864; Grave 5316.
Robert Tait Sgt., Co. E, 53rd PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd.
Benjamin B. Tallman Pvt., Co. E, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 21; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/1/1864.
Charles H. Taylor Pvt., Co. C, 154th NY Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st; Died 4/14/1864; Grave 551.
John H. Teeters Pvt., Co. F, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 20; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/26/1864; Grave 6891.
Hiram Terman Pvt., Co. F, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 20; Cap. July 1st.
J. Wesley Thompson Pvt., Co. C, 4th MI Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd.
John Tillson Pvt., Co. A, 119th NY Inf.; Age 26; Cap. July 1st.
Theodore Tupper Pvt., Co. H, 119th NY Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 1st.
Frederick W. Verkins Corp., Co. F, 6th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Julius Vetter Pvt., Co. F, 6th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/9/1864; Grave 3076.
Joseph Waechter Sgt., Co. G, 119th NY Inf.; Age 33; Cap. July 1st; Died 8/18/1864; Grave 6046.
John Wallace Corp., Co. M, 2nd NY Cav.; Age 18; Cap. July 4th; Died 7/3/1864; Grave 2827.
Sigmund Warburg Pvt., Co. D, 27th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd.
George T. Waring Pvt., Co. H, 119th NY Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Harvey Warne Pvt., Co. B, 4th MI Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd; Died 7/31/1864; Grave 4419.
Allen Weir Pvt., Co. B, 57th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd.
Henry C. Wells Pvt., Co. C, 57th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd.
Jonathan West Pvt., Co. B, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 35; Cap. July 1st.
William W. West Pvt., Co. F, 157th NY Inf.; Age 28; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/25/1864; Grave 3964.
George G. Whipple Corp., Co. A, 4th MI Inf.; Age 23; Cap. July 2nd; Died 4/25/1864; Grave 733.
Henry F. Whipple Sgt., Co. H, 154th NY Inf.; Age 42; Cap. July 1st; Died 7/9/1864; Grave 3084.
John Whitlocuf Pvt., Co. K, 75th OH Inf.; Age 27; Cap. July 2nd; Died 7/14/1864; Grave 3325.
Daniel Widdows Pvt., Co. E, 1st MD PHB Inf.; Cap. July 2nd; Died 4/14/1864; Grave 553.
Samuel P. Wiley Pvt., Co. A, 82nd OH Inf.; Age 20; Cap. July 1st; Died 3/5/1864; Grave 7.
Jeremiah Wilsey Pvt., Co. I, 4th MI Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd.
David R. Wilson Pvt., Co. E, 57th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd.
August Wolfran Pvt., Co. C, 52nd NY Inf.; Age 31; Cap. July 2nd; Died 4/17/1864; Grave 591.
Newton B. Wood Corp., Co. H, 7th WI Inf.; Cap. July 1st.
Robert J. Woodward Pvt., Co. C, 154th NY Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 1st.
William Wray Pvt., Co. F, 8th PA Cav.; Cap. July 4th; Died 4/18/1864; Grave 610.
Chester S. Yawger Pvt., Co. H, 4th MI Inf.; Age 19; Cap. July 2nd.
Charles B. Yeakel Corp., Co. F, 106th PA Inf.; Cap. July 2nd.
Frederick W. Zollar Pvt., Co. D, 40th NY Inf.; Age 18; Cap. July 2nd; Died 12/1/1864; Grave 12204.

 

Sources:
[1] John W. Busey and David G. Martin, “Regimental Strengths & Losses at Gettysburg,” 4th Edition (Highstown, NJ: Longstreet House, 2005).
[2] Kevin Frye, Anderson Historian, Andersonville Facebook Page or andersonvillehistorian@gmail.com