Gettysburg Campaign – Medals of Honor

How many men were awarded the Medal Of Honor for their action in the Gettysburg Campaign?

That question was raised on the Facebook Page “Test Your Knowledge On The Battle of Gettysburg”.

It is traditionally said that 63 Medals of Honor were awarded for service in the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863. That includes two for actions in Fairfield and Millerstown, PA on July 3rd.1

But by almost all accounts, the Gettysburg Campaign started a month earlier, on June 3rd, as Robert E. Lee slipped away from Fredericksburg, VA and headed toward the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Historians commonly say that the Gettysburg Campaign ended with the Battle of Falling Waters on July 14th when the last Confederate brigade re-crossed the Potomac River2. But the National Park Service infers that it ended at the close of the Battle of Manassas Gap, VA on July 24th.3 The Official Records, however, say that the campaign ended on August 1 with the (2nd) battle at Brandy Station, VA.4

For the sake of completeness, therefore, we will use the range June 3 – August 1, 1863 for the Gettysburg Campaign and list the 74 recipients of the MOH during that period as follows:

# Name Unit Action
1 PMus. John T. Patterson 122nd OH Inf. 14 Jun 1863
Winchester, VA
2 Pvt. Elbridge Robinson Co. C, 122nd OH Inf. 14 Jun 1863
Winchester, VA
3 2Lt. James R. Durham Co. E, 12th WV Inf. 14 Jun 1863
Winchester, VA
4 Pvt. Nathan M. Hallock Co. K, 124th NY Inf. 15 Jun 1863
Bristoe Station, VA
5 Col. Louis P. Di Cesnola 4th NY Cav. 17 Jun 1863
Aldie, VA
6 Pvt. Thomas Burke Co. A, 5th NY Cav. 30 Jun 1863
Hanover, PA5
7 Sgt. James M. Rutter Co. C, 143rd PA Inf. 1 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
8 LtCol. Henry S. Huidekoper 150th PA Inf. 1 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
9 Cpl. J. Monroe Reisinger Co. H, 150th PA Inf. 1 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
10 Capt. Francis Irsch Co. D, 45th NY Inf. 1 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
11 Cpl. Francis A. Waller Co. I, 6th WI Inf. 1 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
12 Mus. Richard Enderlin Co. B, 73rd OH Inf. 1 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
13 Sgt. Jefferson Coates Co. H, 7th WI Inf. 1 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
14 1Sgt. Edward L. Gilligan Co. E, 88th PA Inf. 1 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
15 Maj. Alfred J. Sellers 90th PA Inf. 1 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
16 Sgt. Harvey M. Munsell Co. A, 99th PA Inf. 1 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
17 Cpl. Harrison Clark Co. E, 125th NY Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
18 Capt. John Lonergan Co. A, 13th VT Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
19 Capt. James Pipes Co. A, 140th PA Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA6
20 Lt. James J. Purman Co. A, 140th PA Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
21 2Lt. Edward M. Knox 15th NY Battery 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
22 Capt. James Parke Postles Co. A, 1st DE Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
23 Cpl. Nathaniel M. Allen Co. B, 1st MA Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
24 Col. Joshua L. Chamberlain 20th ME Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
25 Sgt. Andrew J. Tozier Co. I, 20th ME Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
26 Capt. John B. Fassett Co. F, 23rd PA Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
27 Pvt. Charles Stacey Co. D, 55th OH Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
28 Cpl. Thaddeus S. Smith Co. E, 6th PA Res. Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
29 Cpl. Chester S. Furman Co. A, 6th PA Res. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
30 Sgt. John W. Hart Co. D, 6th PA Res. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
31 Sgt. Wallace W. Johnson Co. G, 6th PA Res. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
32 Sgt. George W. Mears Co. A, 6th PA Res. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
33 Cpl. J. Levi Roush Co. D, 6th PA Res. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
34 Sgt. Thomas Horan Co. E, 72nd NY Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
35 Sgt. Hugh Carey Co. E, 82nd NY Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
36 Bglr. Charles W. Reed 9th Ind. Batt., MA Light Art. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
37 1Sgt. George W. Roosevelt Co. K. 26th PA Inf. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA7
38 Pvt. Casper R. Carlisle Co. F, Ind. PA Light Art. 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
39 MG Daniel E. Sickles U.S. Volunteers 2 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
40 Cpl. William H. Raymond Co. A, 108th NY Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
41 Capt. Morris, Jr. Brown Co. A, 126th NY Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
42 Sgt. George H. Dore Co. D, 126th NY Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
43 Pvt. Jerry Wall Co. B, 126th NY Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
44 2Lt. George G. Benedict Co. C, 12th VT Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
45 Pvt. Elijah W. Bacon Co. F, 14th CT Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
46 Cpl. Christopher Flynn Co. K, 14th CT Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
47 SgtMaj. William B. Hincks 14th CT Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
48 Col. Wheelock G. Veazey 16th VT Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
49 Cpl. Joseph H. De Castro Co. I, 19th MA Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
50 ColSgt. Benjamin F. Falls Co. A, 19th MA Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
51 Sgt. Benjamin H. Jellison Co. C, 19th MA Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
52 Maj. Edmund Rice 19th MA Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
53 Pvt. John H. Robinson Co. I, 19th MA Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
54 Pvt. John B. Mayberry Co. F, 1st DE Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
55 Pvt. Bernard McCarren Co. C, 1st DE Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
56 Cpl. Henry D. O’Brien Co. E, 1st MN Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
57 Pvt. Marshall Sherman Co. C, 1st MN Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
58 Sgt. James B. Thompson Co. G, 1st PA Rifles 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
59 Maj. William Wells 1st VT Cav. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
60 Pvt. Oliver P. Rood Co. B, 20th IN Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
61 Capt. William E. Miller Co. H, 3rd PA Cav. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
62 Sgt. James Wiley Co. B, 59th NY Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
63 Sgt. Martin Schwenk8 Co. B, 6th U.S. Cav. 3 Jul 1863
Millerstown, PA
64 Pvt. John E. Clopp Co. F, 71st PA Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
65 Cpl. John Miller Co. G, 8th OH Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
66 Pvt. James Richmond Co. F, 8th OH Inf. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
67 Sgt. Frederick Fuger Battery A, 4th U.S. Art. 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
68 Pvt. George C. Platt Troop H, 6th U.S. Cav. 3 Jul 1863
Fairfield, PA
69 BG Alexander S. Webb U.S. Volunteers 3 Jul 1863
Gettysburg, PA
70 Maj. Charles E. Capehart 1st WV Cav. 4 Jul 1863
Monterey Mt, PA
71 1Sgt. Charles M. Holton Co. A, 7th MI Cav. 14 Jul 1863
Falling Waters, MD
72 1Lt. Carle A. Woodruff 2nd U.S. Art. 24 Jul 1863
Newby’s C.R., VA9
73 Capt. Smith H. Hastings Co. M, 5th MI Cav. 24 Jul 1863
Newby’s C.R., VA9
74 1Lt. John W. Clark 6th VT Inf. 28 Jul 1863
Warrenton, VA


Sources
Congressional Medal of Honor Society (CMOHS)
National Park Service

Notes
1It does not include 1Lt. Alonzo Cushing whose Medal of Honor has been recommended but not approved as of this writing (12 May 2013).
2Coddington, Edwin B., “The Gettysburg Campaign: A Study in Command” (New York: Touchstone, 1997), p. vii.
3Civil War Battle Summaries by Campaign.
4OR s1, v27, pt2, pg 5-7.
5The record at the Congressional Medal of Honor Society (and apparently the citation itself) says Hanover Courthouse, VA but the 5th NY Cavalry was in Hanover, PA on this date. The Battle of Hanover Courthouse, VA was on 27 May 1862.
6Also for service at Reams Station, VA on 25 August 1864.
7Also for service at Bull Run, VA on 30 August 1862.
8AKA Martin, George
9Newby’s Cross Roads, also known as Battle Mountain, Amissville, VA.

Related posts on this blog:
1st Lt. Alonzo Cushing – One Step Closer to the Medal of Honor, 11 March 2010.
Fun Facts about the Medal of Honor, 14 March 2010.




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