Archive for the ‘Research’ Category

Pocket Gettysburg – Search for a Monument

Here’s a common question by users of our popular app, Pocket Gettysburg for iPhone/iPad. “Where can I find the monument to the 83rd New York Infantry?” (for instance) The easy answer is…         BUT keep in mind that this method searches the MONUMENT list for those monuments that have “83” in their […]

Deaths at the 1913 Gettysburg Reunion

Described as a “identification tag,” this card was issued to each of the 22,103 veterans from Pennsylvania who attended the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg in 1913. (Some other states issued similar ones to its attending veterans). The veteran was asked to carry it in his pocket “in case of sickness or accident.” […]

Analysis of the Soldiers & Sailors Database

The National Park Service maintains the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) which is a database of the men who served in the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War.  In the context of a larger project, I wondered how many soldiers served from each state so I did a geographic analysis of […]

Author Index to the Bachelder Papers

A recent post by Randy Drais in his excellent Battle of Gettysburg Buff e-newsletter ( mentioned that he found my transcription of the 1860 Federal Census of Gettysburg to be useful.  This blog also had two posts (here and here) in which I analyzed that census with respect to age, sex, race, occupation, place of birth, […]

Gettysburg at Andersonville

Of the 5369 Union soldiers that were reported “missing or captured” at the Battle of Gettysburg[1],  most of the captured were processed through Libby Prison in Richmond and then Belle Island on the James River.  At least 303 of them eventually found themselves at the notorious Andersonville Prison in Georgia.  The Andersonville records are incomplete, […]

Andersonville Survivors Medal

  The Confederate prison camp at Andersonville, Georgia, also known as Camp Sumter, was designed to hold a maximum of 10,000 Union prisoners.  At its peak, it held more than three times that number under horrific conditions.  During its 14 months of existence, Andersonville Prison held more than 45,000 Union soldiers, of whom 12,920 died, […]

“Cousins Removed” Explained

People ask me all the time what a “Third Cousin Twice Removed” (aka 3C2R) is, for instance.  The internet is full of “cousin charts” but I really don’t understand the point of them and I discourage their use. The rules to navigate the chart are more complicated than the rules to just calculate the relationship yourself! […]

Free Access to and

While there are some wonderful free web sites (notably from which you can access many online records, and offer a wide variety of records that are not available anywhere else.  In fact, if you go to the National Archives in Washington D.C. to access the original microfilms for those records, you’ll be directed to […]

A Kearny Medal Mystery

Capt. Solomon T. Lyon of the 5th Michigan Infantry has been described as a recipient of the Kearny Medal and there is a photo that seems to prove it.  The trouble is that, not only was Capt. Lyon not on the official list of recipients, but he apparently didn’t qualify to receive the medal.  So […]

A Pension for Annie Etheridge

Annie Etheridge is one of at least four women who are known to have received the Kearny Cross.  And, although she never actually enlisted in the army (serving as a volunteer field nurse or “vivandiere”), she is frequently described as one of the very few female private citizens who received a pension for her service to the […]